João Carlos Saldanha de Oliveira Daun, 1st Duke of Saldanha


João Carlos Saldanha de Oliveira Daun, 1st Duke of Saldanha
João de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun,
Duke of Saldanha
Duke de Saldanha
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Council of Ministers)
Order: 3rd, 17th, 20th and 30th
Term of Office (1st) May 27, 1835 – November 18, 11835
(as Marquis of Saldanha)
(2nd) October 6, 1846 – June 18, 1849
(3rd) May 1, 1851 – June 6, 1856
(4th) May 19, 1870 – August 29, 1870
Predecessor: (1st) Count of Linhares
(2nd) Duke of Palmela
(3rd) Duke of Terceira
(4th) Duke of Loulé
Successor: (1st) José Jorge Loureiro
(2nd) Count of Tomar
(3rd) Duke of Loulé
(4th) Marquis of Sá da Bandeira
Date of Birth November 17, 1790
Place of Birth: Azinhaga, Golegã
Date of Death November 21, 1876
Place of Death: UK]]
Wife: (1st) Maria Teresa Margarida Horan FitzGerald
(2nd) Carlota Isabel Maria Smith
Occupation: Military officer (Marshal)
Political Party: Chartist, later Regenerator Party

Dom João Carlos Gregório Domingos Vicente Francisco de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun, (1790–1876), 1st Count (1833), 1st Marquis (1834) and 1st Duke of Saldanha (1846); Portuguese pronunciation: [saɫˈdɐɲɐ], was a Portuguese marshal and statesman, a grandson of Pombal, born at Azinhaga. He studied at Coimbra, served against the French, and was made a prisoner in 1810. On his release he went to Brazil, where he was employed in the military and diplomatic services. He returned to Portugal after the declaration of the independence of Brazil.[1]

The Duke of Saldanha, as he is commonly known, was one of the top dominating personalities in war and politics of Portugal, from the revolution of 1820 to his death in 1876. During that period he led no less than seven coups d'état. He played an important part in the struggle between brothers Pedro IV of Portugal (I of Brazil) and Miguel of Portugal during the Liberal Wars. He became Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1825 and was governor of Oporto in 1826–27.

He was made a Duke of Saldanha in 1846, and was Prime Minister for three times between 1846 and 1870. He was sent in 1871 to London as Ambassador, where he died.[2]

Contents

See also

References

External links

Book

  • Antonio da Costa, Historia do Marechal Saldanha (Lisbon, 1879)
Political offices
Preceded by
Count of Linhares
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Council of Ministers)

1835
Succeeded by
José Jorge Loureiro
Preceded by
Marquis of Palmela
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Council of Ministers)

1846–1849
Succeeded by
Count of Tomar
Preceded by
Duke of Terceira
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Council of Ministers)

1851–1856
Succeeded by
Duke of Loulé
Preceded by
Duke of Loulé
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Council of Ministers)

1870
Succeeded by
Marquis of Sá da Bandeira
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
New Title
Armas duques saldanha.png
Count of Saldanha

1833—1876
Succeeded by
João Carlos de Saldanha de Oliveira Daun
Preceded by
New Title
Armas duques saldanha.png
Marquis of Saldanha

1834—1876
Succeeded by
João Carlos de Saldanha de Oliveira Daun
Preceded by
New Title
Armas duques saldanha.png
Duke of Saldanha

1846—1876
Succeeded by
João Carlos Saldanha de Oliveira Daun, 2nd Duke of Saldanha

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1907 edition of The Nuttall Encyclopædia.


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