:"For other uses" see "Parrhasius (mythology)".

Parrhasius of Ephesus was the son of Evenor and one of the greatest painters of Ancient Greece. He settled in Athens, and may be ranked among the Attic artists. The period of his activity is fixed by the anecdote which Xenophon records of the conversation between him and Socrates on the subject of art; he was therefore distinguished as a painter before 399 BC. Seneca relates a tale that Parrhasius bought one of the Olynthians whom Philip sold into slavery, 346 BC, and tortured him in order to have a model for a picture of the bound Prometheus for the Parthenon in Athens; but the story, which is similar to one told of Michelangelo, is chronologically impossible. Another tale recorded of him describes his contest with Zeuxis. The latter painted some grapes so perfectly that birds came to peck at them. He then called on Parrhasius to draw aside the curtain and show his picture, but, finding that his rival's picture was the curtain itself, he acknowledged himself to be surpassed, for Zeuxis had deceived birds, but Parrhasius had deceived Zeuxis.

He was universally placed in the very first rank among painters. His skillful drawing of outlines is especially praised, and many of his drawings on wood and parchment were preserved and highly valued by later painters for purposes of study. He first attained skill in making his figures appear to stand out from the background. His picture of Theseus adorned the Capitol in Rome. His other works, besides the obscene subjects with which he is said to have amused his leisure, are chiefly mythological groups. A picture of the Demos, the personified People of Athens, is famous; according to the story, which is probably based upon epigrams, the twelve prominent characteristics of the people, though apparently quite inconsistent with each other, were distinctly expressed in this figure.



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  • PARRHASIUS — Ephesius, an Atheniensis? tempore Socratis, pictor insignis, sed quô nemo insolentius et arrogantius sit usus gloriâ artis, Plin. Hîc primus symmetriam picturae dedit, primus argutias vultus, elegantiam capilli, venustatem oris expressit, et… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Parrhasius — Parrhasĭus, griech. Maler, aus Ephesus, um 400 380 v. Chr., neben Zeuxis Vertreter der ionischen Schule …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Parrhasius — Parrhasius, griech. Maler aus Ephesus, um 400 v. Chr., Nebenbuhler des Zeuxis; das Alterthum lobte seine Grazie und Leichtigkeit der Zeichnung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Parrhasius — m al …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parrhasius — or Parrhasios flourished 5th century BC, Athens, Greece Greek painter. He was praised by ancient critics as a master of outline drawing. He apparently succeeded in portraying various psychological states in his depictions of the face. Many of his …   Universalium

  • Parrhasius — Parrhasios Parrhasios (en grec ancien Παρράσιος) est l un des peintres les plus célèbres de la Grèce antique. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvre 3 Notes 4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PARRHASIUS —    a gifted painter of ancient Greece, born at Ephesus; came to Athens and became the rival of Zeuxis; he was the contemporary of Socrates and a man of an arrogant temper; his works were characterised by the pains bestowed on them …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Parrhasius (mythology) — Parrhasius (Greek: Παρράσιος) may refer to: *Son of Lycaon, from whom Parrhasia (Arcadia) was believed to have derived its name.*Surname of Apollo, who had a sanctuary on the Arcadian Mount Lycaeus, where an annual festival was held in his honor …   Wikipedia

  • PARRHASIUS Janus — vide Ianus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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