- Eleanor Saffran
Eleanor M. Saffran (
1938- 2002) was a researcher in the field of Cognitive Neuropsychology. Her interest in Neuropsychologybegan at the Baltimore City hospitals of Johns Hopkins University, where her research unit focussed on neurological patients with language or cognitive impairments. In papers published between 1976and 1982, Dr. Saffran spelled out the methodological tenets of “cognitive neuropsychology” exemplified in her studies of aphasia, [http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/410865_print Aphasia and the Relationship of Language and Brain, by Eleanor M. Saffran] acquired dyslexia, word deafness, and short-term memory impairment.
1980, Eleanor joined the Neurology Department of Temple University and established the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience. Here she built an interdisciplinary research group composed of neurologists, psychologists, and speech-language pathologists. Under her leadership, this group extended the cognitive neuropsychological approach to the analysis of neurological disorders of perception, visual attention, and semanticsFact|date=September 2008.
These years also marked the continuation of her longstanding collaboration with [http://www.ncrrn.org/people/schwartz Myrna Schwartz] of [http://www.einstein.edu/professional/research/index.html Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute] (part of the [http://www.einstein.edu/yourhealth/physicalrehab/research/article9512.html Einstein Healthcare Network] ) which began in Baltimore in
1975. An innovative aspect of their research was its emphasis on application of language theoryhuh? to diagnosis and treatment of language disorders. This model was embraced by other researchers of language and remains a standard approach in aphasia research todayFact|date=September 2008. As the field of cognitive neuropsychology matured, Eleanor became recognized as one of its most influential practitioners. In 1989, her grant on the psycholinguisticanalysis of language disorders was awarded the Claude Pepper Award of Excellence by the [http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/ National Institute on Deafness and Communication Disorders] .
In 1991, Eleanor was appointed as Professor in the [http://www.temple.edu/chp/departments/commsci/index.html Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders] at Temple University. She continued teaching her courses even after progression of a degenerative condition had weakened her speaking voice and use of her hands. Her contributions to research were recognized posthumously when she was awarded the Temple University Faculty Research Award for excellence in research in 2003. [http://www.temple.edu/temple_times_archives/2003/4-10-03/saffran.html Eleanor Saffran Receives Posthumous Research Award]
Longtime colleague [http://www.temple.edu/chp/faculty/NadineMartin.html Nadine Martin] , Associate Professor of Communication Sciences and Disorders at Temple University, started working with Dr. Eleanor M. Saffran in 1982 and then completed her Ph.D. in
Cognitive Psychologyat Temple University in 1987. Today she continues Dr. Saffran's tradition of scholarship and mentorship as Director of the [http://www.temple.edu/chp/faculty/documents/SaffranCognitiveNeuroscienceCenterBrochure.pdf Eleanor M. Saffran Center for Cognitive Neuroscience] .
Her daughter [http://www.waisman.wisc.edu/infantlearning/saffran.htm Jenny Saffran] has also pursued a career in research in
Cognitive Science. Currently she leads the [http://www.waisman.wisc.edu/infantlearning/index.html Infant Learning Laboratory] at University of Wisconsin-Madison.
List of Important Papers
* Saffran EM, Marin OS, Yeni-Komshian GH. (1976) An analysis of speech perception in word deafness. "Brain and Language", 3:209-28.
* Saffran EM, Schwartz MF, Marin OS. (1980) The word order problem in agrammatism. II. Production. "Brain and Language", 10:263-80.
* Saffran EM, Schwartz MF, Marin OS. (1980) The word order problem in agrammatism. I. Comprehension. "Brain and Language", 10:249-62.
* [http://www.sentenceshaper.com/professional/resumelinebarger.html Linebarger MC] , Schwartz MF, Saffran EM. (1983) Sensitivity to grammatical structure in so-called agrammatic aphasics. "Cognition", 13:361-92. [http://talkingbrains.blogspot.com/2007/11/top-10-most-importantinfluential-papers.html Top 10 Most Important/influential Papers in the Neuroscience of Language]
* Saffran EM, Berndt RS, Schwartz MF. (1989) The quantitative analysis of agrammatic production: procedure and data. "Brain and Language". 37:440-79.
* Saffran EM, Schwartz MF. (1994) Impairment of sentence comprehension. "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences", 346:47-53.
* [http://s.psych.uiuc.edu/people/showprofile.php?id=24 Dell GS] , Schwartz MF, Martin N, Saffran EM, Gagnon DA. (1997) Lexical access in aphasic and nonaphasic speakers. "Psychological Review", 104:801-38. [http://talkingbrains.blogspot.com/2007/11/top-10-most-importantinfluential-papers.html Top 10 Most Important/influential Papers in the Neuroscience of Language]
* Martin N, Saffran EM. (1997) Language and auditory-verbal short-term memory impairments: Evidence for common underlying processes. "Cognitive Neuropsychology", 14:641–682.
* Saffran EM, Schwartz MF, Linebarger MC. (1998) Semantic influences on thematic role assignment: evidence from normals and aphasics. "Brain and Language", 62:255-97.
* Saffran EM. (2000) The organization of semantic memory: in support of a distributed model. "Brain and Language", 71:204-12.
* Schwartz, M, [http://ccn.upenn.edu/people/branch.html Coslett, B] , & Martin, N. (2004). [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0093-934X(03)00302-X In Memoriam: Eleanor M. Saffran] . [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0093934X "Brain and Language"] 89:1-2.
* Behrmann M, Patterson K. (Eds.) (2006) Words and Things: Cognitive Neuropsychological Studies in Tribute to Eleanor M. Saffran. A special issue of the journal [http://www.cognitivepsychologyarena.com/journals/Cognitive-Neuropsychology-0264-3294 "Cognitive Neuropsychology"] . Psychology Press. [http://www.cognitivepsychologyarena.com/books/book.asp?isbn=1841699640 ISBN 978-1-84169-964-6]
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