History of the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education


History of the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education

=Early years=

The Institute was founded on 6 September 1943 by a group of local businessmen led by Eugenio Garza Sada, a moneyed heir of a brewing conglomerate who was interested in creating an institution that could provide highly skilled personnel — both university graduates and technicians— to the booming Monterrey corporations of the 1940s.cite book |last=Elizondo Elizondo |first=Ricardo |title=Setenta veces siete |publisher=Ediciones Castillo |location=Monterrey, Mexico |date=2000 |isbn=970200098X 9789702000983 |oclc=46366375 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=b6a2AAAACAAJ |accessdate=2008-07-04 |language=Spanish|quote=Circula la versión – errónea, pero compartida por muchos – de que surgió como escuela técnica y evolucionó hasta convertirse en universidad. También es falsa la suposición de que se desarrolló siguiendo el modelo del Instituto Tecnológico de Massachusetts, alma mater de don Eugenio Garza Sada, el promotor de la idea y uno de sus fundadores. En realidad, el proyecto nació de la visión de un grupo de empresarios consciente de la necesidad de preparar dentro del país a los profesionistas que se requerían para la construcción del México moderno…El país contaba entonces con capital y también con mano de obra, pero no con personal que estuviera calificado para encargarse de la supervisión y la administración de la planta industrial: en una palabra, faltaban los mandos intermedios, mismos que, a su vez, deberían conocer las características de la cultura mexicana. Era indispensable que los profesionistas que requerían las empresas de casa se educaran en casa; eso sí, a condición de que tanto la educación como los graduados fueran de calidad equiparable a lo que se ofrecía fuera de México.|pages = 25-26] The group was structured into a non-profit organization called "Enseñanza e Investigación Superior A.C. (EISAC)" and recruited several academicians led by León Ávalos y Vez, an MIT alumnus and then Director-General of the School of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering of the National Polytechnic Institute, who designed its first academic programs and served as its first Director-General.cite book|last=Mendirichaga|first=Rodrigo|title=El Tecnológico de Monterrey: Sucesos, anécdotas, personajes|publisher=Ediciones Castillo|location=Monterrey, Mexico|date=1982|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=NaFPAAAAMAAJ|accessdate=2008-07-04|language=Spanish]

In its early years the Institute operated at Abasolo 858 Oriente in a large, two-story house located a block and a half away from Zaragoza Square, behind the city's Metropolitan Cathedral. As its first facilities soon proved to be insufficient, it started renting out adjacent buildings and by 1945 it became apparent that a university campus was necessary. For that reason, a master plan was commissioned to Enrique de la Mora and on 3 February 1947 what would later be known as its Monterrey Campus was inaugurated by Mexican President Miguel Alemán Valdés.cite book|last=Elizondo Elizondo|first=Ricardo |title=El Tecnológico de Monterrey: Relación de 50 años |publisher=Tecnológico de Monterrey|date=1993|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=onGUGAAACAAJ| oclc = 30485259 | accessdate=2008-07-04 |language=Spanish]

Because the operations of the local companies were highly reliant on U.S. markets, investments, and technology; internationalization became one of its earliest priorities. In 1950 it became the first foreign university in history to be accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS), one of the six regional accreditation agencies recognized by the United States Department of Education. Its foreign accreditation would end up being a decisive influence in its development, as it was forced to submit itself to external evaluation earlier than most Mexican universities (1961)cite book |last=Elizondo Elizondo |first=Ricardo |title=Setenta veces siete |publisher=Ediciones Castillo |location=Monterrey, Mexico |date=2000 |isbn=970200098X 9789702000983 |oclc=46366375 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=b6a2AAAACAAJ |accessdate=2008-07-04 |language=Spanish] and unlocked additional sources of revenue, such as tuition funds from foreign students interested in taking summer courses in Mexico for full-academic credit.

Expansion

Its growth outside the city of Monterrey began in the late-1960s, when both its rector and head of academics lobbied for expansion. A first attempt, funded a few years earlier by several businessmen from Mexicali, Baja California, was staffed and organized by the Institute but faced opposition from the Board of Trustees once the federal government refused any additional subsidycite book|last=Gómez Junco|first=Horacio|title=Desde adentro|publisher=Fondo Estatal para la Cultura y las Artes de Nuevo León|location=Monterrey, Mexico|date=1997|isbn=9701800567 9789701800560|oclc=44019433|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=1KBPAAAAMAAJ|accessdate=2008-07-04|language=Spanish|quote= [E] l exrector del Tec, Víctor Bravo Ahuja, entonces subsecretario de Educación Pública, prometió un subsidio para la naciente escuela, siempre y cuando no llevara el nombre del Tecnológico de Monterrey. No era conveniente, decía, pues eran los tiempos en que el gobierno federal todavía mostraba franca animadversión en contra del Grupo Monterrey|pages=178] and members of the Board casted doubt on its ability to gets funds as an out-of-state university. At the end the project was renamed "Centro de Enseñanza Técnica y Superior (CETYS)" and grew into a fully independent institution.cite book|last=Gómez Junco|first=Horacio|title=Desde adentro|publisher=Fondo Estatal para la Cultura y las Artes de Nuevo León|location=Monterrey, Mexico|date=1997|isbn=9701800567 9789701800560|oclc=44019433|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=1KBPAAAAMAAJ|accessdate=2008-07-04|language=Spanish]

Aside from the CETYS experioment and the 150 hectares bought in 1951 for the agricultural program's experimental facilities in nearby Apodaca, Nuevo León, no other expansion outside Monterrey was attempted until 1967, when a school of maritime studies was built in the port of Guaymas, Sonora. Shortly thereafter, premises were built in Obregón and courses began to be offered in Mexico City. Those premises and the ones that followed, then called external units, were fully dependant of the Monterrey Campus until 1984, when they were restructured as semi-independent campuses and reorganized in regional rectorates ("see Organization).

In 1987, when the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools demanded faculty members with doctorate degrees to lecture 25% of its undergraduate and 100% of its postgraduate courses, the Institute invested considerably in both distance learning and computer network technologies and training, effectively becoming, on 1 February 1989, the first university ever connected to the Internet in both Latin Americacite web|url=http://www.cem.itesm.mx/dacs/publicaciones/logos/espejo/2001/diciembre.html|title=El porvenir de NIC México |last=Islas | first = Octavio | coauthors=Gutiérrez, Fernando |date=December 2001|publisher=Razón y Palabra|language=Spanish|accessdate=2008-07-05] and the Spanish-speaking world.cite web|url=http://www.rediris.es/rediris/boletin/45/enfoque2.html|title=Fundamentos históricos de la Internet en Europa y en España|last=Sanz|first=Miguel A.|publisher=RedIRIS|language=Spanish|accessdate=2008-07-04|quote=Así, fruto de esta decisión, la primera conexión plena desde España a la Internet tuvo lugar a mediados del año 1990] Such efforts contributed to the creation of its Virtual University a few years later and allowed it to become the first country-code top level domain registry in Mexico; first by itself from 1989 to 1995, and then as a major shareholder of "NIC Mexico", the current national registry.cite web|url=http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/mx.html|title=Delegation Record for .MX|publisher=Internet Assigned Numbers Authority|accessdate=2008-07-06]

References


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