Stelvio Pass

Stelvio Pass

The Stelvio Pass (Italian: "Passo dello Stelvio"; German: "Stilfser Joch"), located in Italy, is at 2757 m the highest paved mountain pass in the Eastern Alps, and the second highest in the Alps, after the Col de l'Iseran (2770 m).Fact|date=October 2007 In the list of highest paved roads in the Alps, it ranks 4th.


It is located in the Italian Alps near Bormio in the South and Sulden (Solda), some 75 km from Bolzano, near the Swiss border, as the Umbrail Pass joins the Stelvio's southern ramp nearby. The "Three languages peak" "(Dreisprachenspitze)" above the pass is so named because this is the area where the Italian, German and Romansh languages meet.

The road connects the Valtellina with the upper Adige valley "(Vinschgau)" and Merano. The most important mountain range next to the Stelvio Pass is the Ortler Alps. Adjacent to the pass road there is a large summer skiing area. Important mountains nearby include Monte Livrio, Monte Scorluzzo and Ortler.


The original road was built in 1820-1825 by the Austrian Empire to connect the former Austrian province of Lombardia with the rest of Austria, covering a climb of 1871 m. The engineer and project manager was Carlo Donegani (1775 - 1845, Brescia). Since then, the route has changed very little. The 60 hairpin bends, 48 of them on the northern side numbered with stones, are a challenge to motorists. Even Stirling Moss went off the road here during a vintage car event in the 1990s, with an onboard video of his incident being shown on satellite TV.

Before the end of World War I, it formed the border between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Italian Kingdom. Even the Swiss had had an outpost and a hotel (which was destroyed) on the "Dreisprachenspitze". During World War I, fierce battles were fought in the ice and snow of the area, with gun fire even crossing the Swiss area at times. The three nations made an agreement not to fire over Swiss territory, which jutted out in between Austria (to the south) and Italy (to the north). Instead they could fire down the pass, as Swiss territory was up and around the peak. After 1919, with the expansion of Italy, the pass lost its strategic importance.

The Stelvio Pass does retain an importance for sport when it is open from June to September. Countless cyclists and motorcyclists struggle to get to the highest stretch of road in the Eastern Alps. The Giro d'Italia cycling tournament often crosses the Stelvio Pass.

In a 2007 episode of the BBC television programme "Top Gear", presenter Jeremy Clarkson named it the best driver's road in the world, after driving it in a Lamborghini Gallardo Superleggera with colleagues James May, in an Aston Martin V8 Vantage N24 track car, and Richard Hammond, in a Porsche GT3 RS. EON Productions scouted the pass in 2007 as a possible car-chase location for shooting of the second Bond film to star Daniel Craig as 007.fact|date=June 2008

In 2008 Moto Guzzi started selling a Stelvio model, named after the pass.

External links

* [ Profile on]
* [
* [ of Stilfser Joch north ramp and Monte Scorluzzo]
* [ Webcams ]
* [ Weather Forecast Passo Stelvio]
* [ Passo Stelvio : One of Europe's Most Famous Motorcycling Roads]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stelvio Pass — ▪ mountain pass, Italy Italian  Giogo Dello Stelvio,  German  Stilfser Joch,         Alpine pass (9,042 feet [2,756 m]) at the northwest base of the Ortles mountain range in northern Italy near the Swiss border. One of the highest road passes in… …   Universalium

  • Stelvio — may refer to*Stilfs, Italian village *Stelvio Pass, mountain road named after the village *The Stelvio National Park, a national park of Italy *Stelvio, Newport, a suburb in the United Kingdom *Stélvio Rosa da Cruz, Portuguese footballer …   Wikipedia

  • Stelvio-Nationalpark — Nationalpark Stilfser Joch Blick in die Braulioschlucht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Umbrail Pass — Infobox Mountain Pass Name =Umbrail Pass Photo = Umbrail.jpg Caption = Umbrail pass through Val Müstair Elevation = 2501 m. Location = SUI / ITA Range = Alps Coordinates = coord|46|32|35|N|10|26|02|E|region:CH type:pass Topographic Traversed by… …   Wikipedia

  • Parco nationale dello stelvio — Nationalpark Stilfser Joch Blick in die Braulioschlucht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nassfeld Pass — DMS …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Naßfeld Pass — DMS …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Campolongo-Pass — Vorlage:Infobox Pass/Wartung/Profil fehlt Passo Campolongo Nord Süd …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tenda-Pass — Passhöhe des Colle di Tenda Serpentinenreihenfolge auf der Südrampe in Frankreich, im Hintergrund die Ausfahrt aus dem Straßentunnel Der Colle di Tenda (deutsch: Te …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Predil-Pass — Vorlage:Infobox Pass/Wartung/Ausbau fehltVorlage:Infobox Pass/Wartung/Gebirge fehltVorlage:Infobox Pass/Wartung/Profil fehlt Predilpass …   Deutsch Wikipedia