- Criticisms of communism
communismcan be divided in two broad categories: Those concerning themselves with the practical aspects of 20th century Communist stateand those concerning themselves with communist principles and theory. Although they often overlap, these two categories are logically distinct. One may agree with communist principles but disagree with many policies adopted by Communist states (this is quite common among Trotskyists), more rarely, agree with policies adopted by Communist states but disagree with communist principles. Most people who criticize communism are against both communist principles and policies.
The categories of criticisms mentioned above are discussed in separate articles:
Criticisms of Communist party rule" is an article dealing with criticisms of the practical policies implemented by 20th century governments claiming to follow the ideology of Marxism-Leninism(these are usually called "Communist states" in the West).
Criticisms of Marxism" is an article dealing with criticisms of Marxist ideology itself, including its Leninist variant.
Note that communism can be viewed as a branch of
socialism- though this view was not held by Marx himself - and Marxist ideology as only one particular kind of socialist ideology. See the article criticisms of socialismfor a discussion of objections to socialism.
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