Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov


Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov

Infobox Scientist


imagesize =150px
birth_date = 11 July 1916
birth_place = Atherton, Queensland, Australia
death_date = 8 January 2002
death_place = Moscow, Russia
nationality = Russian
ethnicity =
field = Physics
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = Lasers
influenced =
prizes = 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics

Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov ( _ru. Александр Михайлович Прохоров) (11 July 1916 – 8 January 2002) was a Soviet/Russian physicist.

He was born in Atherton, Queensland, to a family of Russian immigrants. He and his parents relocated to the Soviet Union in 1923.

In June 1941, he started to serve in the Soviet Army. He took part in the Second World War. He was wounded twice. After his second injury in 1944, he was demobilized.

Prokhorov (also known as Alexander Prochorow, depending on the spelling system) was a physicist and professor at the Moscow State University. In 1964 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics, for his pioneering work on lasers and masers. He was also the chief editor of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia since 1971-1990. Since 1973-2001 Prokhorov was a Chairman at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology [cite book | title=Александр Михайлович Прохоров, 1916-2002 (Материалы к биобиблиогр. ученых) 2-е изд., доп | author=Сост. И.Г. Бебих, Г.Н. Михайлова, А.В. Троицкий | year= 2004 | publisher=Наука | location=М. | pages=p. 442 с | language=Russian | url=http://www.naukaran.ru/sb/2003_3-4/17.shtml | isbn=5020331767] . In 2001 he was also honoured with the Demidov Prize.

He died in Moscow. After his death the "General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences" was renamed the "A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences."

Books

* A.M. Prokhorov (Editor in Chief), J.M. Buzzi, P. Sprangle, K. Wille."Coherent Radiation Generation and Particle Acceleration", 1992, ISBN 0-88318-926-7. "Research Trends in Physics" series published by the American Institute of Physics Press (presently * [http://www.springer-sbm.de/index.php?id=121&L=0 Springer] , New York)
* V. Stefan and A. M. Prokhorov (Editors) "Diamond Science and Technology Vol 1: Laser Diamond Interaction. Plasma Diamond Reactors" (Stefan University Press Series on Frontiers in Science and Technology) 1999 ISBN 1-889545-23-6.
* V. Stefan and A. M. Prokhorov (Editors). "Diamond Science and Technology Vol 2" (Stefan University Press Series on Frontiers in Science and Technology) 1999 ISBN 1-889545-24-4.

References

External links

* [http://www.nobel-winners.com/Physics/aleksandr_mikhaylovich_prokhorov.html Aleksandr Prokhorov]
* [http://www.nobel.se/physics/laureates/1964/prokhorov-bio.html Prokhorov's biography on the Nobel Prize website]
* [http://i-lasers.com Prokhorov's role in the invention of lasers and masers]


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