- Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov
birth_date = 11 July 1916
Atherton, Queensland, Australia
death_date = 8 January 2002
nationality = Russian
prizes = 1964
Nobel Prize in Physics
Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov ( _ru. Александр Михайлович Прохоров) (11 July 1916 – 8 January 2002) was a Soviet/
He was born in
Atherton, Queensland, to a family of Russian immigrants. He and his parents relocated to the Soviet Union in 1923.
In June 1941, he started to serve in the Soviet Army. He took part in the Second World War. He was wounded twice. After his second injury in 1944, he was demobilized.
Prokhorov (also known as Alexander Prochorow, depending on the spelling system) was a physicist and professor at the
Moscow State University. In 1964 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics, for his pioneering work on lasers and masers. He was also the chief editor of the Great Soviet Encyclopediasince 1971-1990. Since 1973-2001 Prokhorov was a Chairman at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology[cite book | title=Александр Михайлович Прохоров, 1916-2002 (Материалы к биобиблиогр. ученых) 2-е изд., доп | author=Сост. И.Г. Бебих, Г.Н. Михайлова, А.В. Троицкий | year= 2004 | publisher=Наука | location=М. | pages=p. 442 с | language=Russian | url=http://www.naukaran.ru/sb/2003_3-4/17.shtml | isbn=5020331767] . In 2001 he was also honoured with the Demidov Prize.
He died in
Moscow. After his death the "General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences" was renamed the "A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences."
* A.M. Prokhorov (Editor in Chief), J.M. Buzzi, P. Sprangle, K. Wille."Coherent Radiation Generation and Particle Acceleration", 1992, ISBN 0-88318-926-7. "Research Trends in Physics" series published by the American Institute of Physics Press (presently * [http://www.springer-sbm.de/index.php?id=121&L=0 Springer] , New York)
* V. Stefan and A. M. Prokhorov (Editors) "
DiamondScience and Technology Vol 1: LaserDiamond Interaction. Plasma Diamond Reactors" (Stefan University Press Series on Frontiers in Science and Technology) 1999 ISBN 1-889545-23-6.
* V. Stefan and A. M. Prokhorov (Editors). "
DiamondScience and Technology Vol 2" (Stefan University Press Series on Frontiers in Science and Technology) 1999 ISBN 1-889545-24-4.
* [http://www.nobel-winners.com/Physics/aleksandr_mikhaylovich_prokhorov.html Aleksandr Prokhorov]
* [http://www.nobel.se/physics/laureates/1964/prokhorov-bio.html Prokhorov's biography on the Nobel Prize website]
* [http://i-lasers.com Prokhorov's role in the invention of lasers and masers]
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Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov — Alexandre Mikhaïlovitch Prokhorov Alexandre Mikhaïlovitch Prokhorov (russe: Александр Михайлович Прохоров) (1er juillet 1916 8 janvier 2002) est physicien soviétique/russe prix Nobel de physique en 1964. Il naît à Atherton en Australie de… … Wikipédia en Français
Prokhorov,Aleksandr Mikhailovich — Pro·kho·rov (prô KHə rôfʹ), Aleksandr Mikhailovich. Born 1916. Russian physicist. He shared a 1964 Nobel Prize for developing the maser and laser principle of producing high intensity radiation. * * * … Universalium
Aleksandr Prokhorov — may refer to: * Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov (1916 2002), Soviet physicist * Aleksandr Prokhorov (footballer) (1946 2005), Soviet international footballer … Wikipedia
Prokhorov — ( ru. Прохоров), or Prokhorova (feminine; Прохорова), is a common Russian surname which may refer to:* Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov (1916–2002), a Russian physicist and Nobel Prize winner * Alexei Prokhorov (1923 2002), a Soviet aircraft… … Wikipedia
Prokhorov — noun Russian physicist whose research into ways of moving electrons around atoms led to the development of masers and lasers for producing high intensity radiation (1916 2002) • Syn: ↑Aleksandr Prokhorov, ↑Aleksandr Mikjailovich Prokhorov •… … Useful english dictionary
Prokhorov — /proh keuh rawf , rof /; Russ. /prddaw kheuh rddeuhf/, n. Aleksandr Mikhailovich /al ig zan deuhr mi kuy leuh vich, zahn /; Russ. /u lyi ksahn drdd myi khuy leuh vyich/, born 1916, Russian physicist: Nobel prize 1964. * * * … Universalium
Prokhorov — /ˈproʊkərɒf/ (say prohkuhrof) noun Aleksandr Mikhailovich, 1916–2002, Russian scientist, born in Australia; shared the 1964 Nobel prize for physics for work on the practical application of lasers … Australian English dictionary
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