- Saybrook Colony
Saybrook Colony British colony 1635–1644 → Capital Old Saybrook Language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy History - Established 1635 - merged with Connecticut Colony 1644 Currency Pound sterling
The Saybrook Colony was established in late 1635 at the mouth of the Connecticut River in present day Old Saybrook, Connecticut by John Winthrop, the Younger, son of John Winthrop, the Governor of Massachusetts. The former was designated Governor by the original settlers which included Colonel George Fenwick and Captain Lion Gardiner. They claimed possession of the land via a deed of conveyance from Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick. The colony was named in honor of Puritan Lords Saye, or William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele and Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke, prominent Parlamentarians, hence the name, Saybrooke.
Early settlers of the colony were ardent supporters of Oliver Cromwell and democracy. In the 1630s in what would become Connecticut, it was rumored that Cromwell’s emigration from England to Saybrooke was imminent, along with the departure from Old England of other prominent Puritan sponsors of the colony, including John Pym, John Hampden, Arthur Haselrig, and Lords Saye and Brooke. Even as late as the 1770s, residents of Old Saybrook still talked about which town lots would be given to prominent Parlamentarians.
Settlement preparations included sending a ship with an unusual cargo: ironwork for a portcullis and drawbridges, even an experienced military engineer. Saybook’s fort was to be the strongest in New England. However, they soon ". . . found the countrie (England) full of reports of their going . . ." and were worried they’d not be allowed to sell their estates and take ship. By 1638 the plans for Saybrook were moot. As for Cromwell, his financial difficulties had been cleared up by an inheritance and he moved from Huntingdon to nearby Ely. Thus the sponsors remained in England and played their respective seminal political and military roles in the English Civil War and its aftermath. As a consequence the colony struggled and by 1644, Fenwick agreed to merge the colony with the more vibrant Connecticut Colony a few miles up river.
- Lower Connecticut River Valley — Connecticut planning region covering the area
- Ward, Harry M. The United Colonies of New England, 1643-90 (Vantage Press, 1961).
- Andrews, Charles McLean. The Colonial Period of American History (Vol. II) - The Beginnings of Connecticut 1632-1662 (Tercentenary Commission Publication Vol. XXXII 1934).
- Alfred A. Young, "English Plebian Culture and 18th Century American Radicalism" in Margret Jacob and James Jacob, eds., "The Origins of Anglo American Radicalism" (New Jersey; Humanities Press International, 19910 , page 195
- Richard C. Dunn, "Puritans and Yankees" (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1962) pp 34–35
- Richard C. Dunn, "Puritans and Yankees" (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1962) pp, 66-68
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Saybrook Colony — Eine Karte von den Kolonien Connecticut, New Haven und Saybrook. Die Saybrook Colony wurde im späten Teil des Jahres 1635 an der Mündung des Connecticut Rivers gegründet, indem was heute Old Saybrook, Connecticut und sein Umland bilden. John… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Saybrook — may refer to:;Places * The Saybrook Colony (1635 1644), later merged with what is now the state of Connecticut * Old Saybrook, Connecticut * Saybrook, Illinois, a village * Saybrook Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, and the unincorporated… … Wikipedia
Colony of Connecticut — Eine Karte von den Kolonien Connecticut, New Haven und Saybrook. Die Karte zeigt Connecticuts westliche … Deutsch Wikipedia
Connecticut Colony — Colony of Connecticut British colony 1636–1776 … Wikipedia
Old Saybrook, Connecticut — Town Saybrook Breakwater Light … Wikipedia
Connecticut Colony — Eine Karte von den Kolonien Connecticut, New Haven und Saybrook. Die Karte zeigt Connecticuts westliche Landansprüche. Die Colony of Connecticut, ursprünglich als River Colony bekannt, wurde am 3. März 1636 als … Deutsch Wikipedia
New Haven Colony — A map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies. New Haven Colony British colony … Wikipedia
New Haven Colony — Connecticut, New Haven und die Saybrook Kolonien Die New Haven Colony war eine englische Kolonie auf dem heutigen Gebiet des US Bundesstaates Connecticut in den Vereinigten Staaten, die zwischen 1637 und 1662 bestand. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Deep River, Connecticut — Town Seal … Wikipedia
Connecticut — This article is about the U.S. state of Connecticut. For the river, see Connecticut River. For other uses, see Connecticut (disambiguation). State of Connecticut … Wikipedia