- Foreign relations of Laos
The foreign relations of Laos, after the takeover by the
Pathet Laoin December 1975, were characterized by a hostile posture toward the West, with the government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic aligning itself with the Soviet bloc, maintaining close ties with the Soviet Unionand depending heavily on the Soviets for most of its foreign assistance. Laos also maintained a "special relationship" with Vietnamand formalized a 1977 treaty of friendship and cooperation that created tensions with China.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union and with Vietnam's decreased ability to provide assistance, Laos has sought to improve relations with its regional neighbors. The Lao government has focused its efforts on
Thailand, Laos' principal means of access to the sea and its primary trading partner. Within a year of serious border clashes in 1987, Lao and Thai leaders signed a communiqué, signaling their intention to improve relations. Since then, they have made slow but steady progress, notably the construction and opening of the Friendship Bridge between the two countries.
Relations with the
People's Republic of Chinahave improved over the years. Although the two were allies during the Vietnam War, the China-Vietnam conflictin 1979 led to a sharp deterioration in Sino-Lao relations. These relations began to improve in the late 1980s. In 1989 Sino-Lao relations were normalized.
Laos' emergence from international isolation has been marked through improved and expanded relations with other nations such as
Australia, France, Japan, Sweden, and India. Trade relations with the United Stateswere normalized in 2004.
Despite strong economic and cultural ties with Thailand, parts of the border shared by the two countries are indefinite.
Thai-Lao relations were strained somewhat in 2006 ahead of the release of the sports comedy "
Lucky Loser", which Lao diplomats warned might offend Lao peopleand spark disturbances similar to the 2003 Phnom Penh riots. The film's release was cancelled.
Membership in international organizations
Laos was admitted into the
Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN) in July 1997 and applied to join the World Trade Organizationin 1998. In 2005 it attended the inaugural East Asia Summit.
Laos is a member of the following international organizations:
Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation(ACCT), ASEAN, ASEAN Free Trade Area(AFTA), ASEAN Regional Forum, Asian Development Bank, Colombo Plan, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific(ESCAP), Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO), G-77, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development( World Bank), International Civil Aviation Organization(ICAO), International Development Association(IDA), International Fund for Agricultural Development(IFAD), International Finance Corporation(IFC), International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, International Labour Organization(ILO), International Monetary Fund(IMF), Intelsat(nonsignatory user), Interpol, International Olympic Commission(IOC), ITU, Mekong Group, Non-Aligned Movement(NAM), Permanent Court of Arbitration(PCA), United Nations, United Nations Convention on Trade and Development(UNCTAD), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO), United Nations Industrial Development Organization(UNIDO), Universal Postal Union(UPU), World Federation of Trade Unions, World Health Organization(WHO), World Intellectual Property Organization(WIPO), World Meteorological Organization(WMO), World Tourism Organization, World Trade Organization(observer).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Foreign relations of Denmark — Denmark This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Denmark … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of the People's Republic of China — Diplomatic relations between world states and People s Republic of China People s Republic of China … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of the Republic of China — Building of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Taipei The Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, is recognized by 23 sovereign states. The course of the foreign relations of the ROC is dominated by maintaining diplomatic relations… … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of the Holy See — See also: Foreign relations of Vatican City State The Holy See This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Holy See … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of India — The Republic of India is the world s most populous democracy and has one of the fastest economic growth rates in the world (8.9 percent GDP increase in 2007, the second fastest major economy in the world after China). [… … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Malaysia — Malaysia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Malaysia … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Singapore — Singapore This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Singapore Constitution Legislature … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Mexico — Mexico This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Mexico … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Croatia — The following page shows the foreign relations of Croatia from past history, current events, international disputes and foreign support. Croatia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Croatia … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Cyprus — Cyprus This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Cyprus Constitution Cyprus dispute … Wikipedia