- Amateur radio frequency bands in India
Amateur radio or
ham radiois a hobby that is practised by over 16,000 licenced users in India.cite news|url=http://www.tribuneindia.com/2005/20050304/nation.htm#10|title=Government to promote amateur radio|last=Ramchandran|first=Ramesh|date=2005-03-03|work=The Tribune|accessdate=2008-07-27] Licences are granted by the Wireless and Planning and Coordination Wing(WPC), a branch of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. In addition, the WPC allocates frequency spectrumin India. The Indian Wireless Telegraphs (Amateur Service) Rules, 1978lists five licence categories:Annexure V cite web|url=http://www.arsi.info/images/wpc78full.pdf|title=The Indian Wireless Telegraphs (Amateur Radio) Rules, 1978 |date=1979|work=Ministry of Communications, Government of India|publisher=Controller of Publications, Civil Lines, New Delhi|pages=34|accessdate=2008-08-03]
To obtain a licence in the first four categories, candidates must pass the
Amateur Station Operator's Certificateexamination conducted by the WPC. This exam is held monthly in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkataand Chennai, every two months in Ahmedabad, Nagpurand Hyderabad, and every four months in some smaller cities.Appendix II cite web|url=http://www.arsi.info/images/wpc78full.pdf|title=The Indian Wireless Telegraphs (Amateur Radio) Rules, 1978|date=1979|work=Ministry of Communications, Government of India|publisher=Controller of Publications, Civil Lines, New Delhi|pages=34|accessdate=2008-08-03] The examination consists of two 50-mark written sections: Radio theory and practice, Regulations; and a practical test consisting of a demonstration of Morse codeproficiency in sending and receiving.Annexure III, Appendix I, Section 2.3 cite web|url=http://www.arsi.info/images/wpc78full.pdf|title=The Indian Wireless Telegraphs (Amateur Radio) Rules, 1978|date=1979|work=Ministry of Communications, Government of India|publisher=Controller of Publications, Civil Lines, New Delhi|pages=34|accessdate=2008-08-03] After passing the examination, the candidate must clear a police interview. After clearance, the WPC grants the licence along with the user-chosen call sign. This procedure can take up to one year.cite news|url=http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/Ham_operators_are_a_cut_above_the_rest/articleshow/2063133.cms|title=Ham operators are a cut above the rest|date=2007-05-21|work= Times of India|publisher= Times Group|accessdate=2008-07-25] This licence is valid for up to five years.Section 12 cite web|url=http://www.arsi.info/images/wpc78full.pdf|title=The Indian Wireless Telegraphs (Amateur Radio) Rules, 1978|date=1979|work=Ministry of Communications, Government of India|publisher=Controller of Publications, Civil Lines, New Delhi|pages=34|accessdate=2008-08-03]
Each licence category has certain privileges allotted to it, including the allotment of frequencies, output power, and the emission modes. This article list the various frequencies allotted to various classes, and the corresponding emission modes and input DC power.
The following table lists the frequencies that amateur radio operators in India can operate on.
* Band refers to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) radio band designation
Frequencyis measured in Megahertz
Wavelengthis measured in metres and centimetres
* Type refers to the
Amateur Wireless Telegraph Station Licence, Grade–IIlicence requires the same scores as the Grade II Restricted, and in addition a demonstration of proficiency in sending and receiving Morse code at five words a minute. The minimum age is 12 years. The licence allows the user to make radiotelegraphy(Morse code) and radiotelephony transmission in 11 frequency bands. The maximum power allowed is 50 W.
A Grade II licence holder can only be authorized the use of radio telephony emission on frequency bands below 30 MHz on submission of proof that 100 contacts have been made with other amateurs operators using CW (Morse code).
;400 W sub-bands
Amateur radio in India
Amateur radio frequency allocations
Amateur Station Operator's Certificate
Amateur radio licence categories in India
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