Cecilio Báez

Cecilio Báez

Cecilio Báez González (b. 1862, d. 1941) was provisional President of Paraguay December 8 1905 - November 25 1906. He was a member of the Liberal Party.

His Life

Dr. Cecilio Báez Gonzalez was born in Asunción, capital of the Republic of Paraguay on February 1, 1862. His parents were Mr. Nicholas Baez and Mrs. Faustina Gonzalez. His brothers were Otoniel, Benjamin, Modesta and Restituta Baez Gonzalez.

He married for 25 years with Marcelina Allende, a 19 year girl from Caazapa, his father was don Polycarpo Allende (Spanish) and her mother Mrs. Rosario Monges (Paraguayan). From the union of Cecilio and Marcelina were born 14 children, including Dr. Amadeo Báez Allende, Arminda and Nicolas Báez Allende.

He studied at National College of the Capital in 1878 and for their happiness, twelve months later figured as a fellow domestic Santa Rosa with the benefit of 25 "patacones" (currency then) would receive per month.

He belonged to the first class in which the National University of Asuncion issued the first three diplomas of doctors in Law and Social Sciences on July 15, 1893. The diplomas were handed in the following order: Cecilio Báez Gonzalez, Gaspar Villamayor and Emeterio Gonzalez.

It was enthusiastically devoted to journalism because he was carrying quite a love of writing, was also extraordinarily dedicated in teaching and politics.

It was played, superbly, as dean of law, gave lectures on history, and was dean and rector of the Universidad Nacional.

During the government of José Félix Estigarribia was appointed Honorary Perpetual Rector of the Universidad Nacional. He received his long performance in several international honors, including membership in the Society of Social Sciences of Philadelphia in the United States, the Academy of History Havana and Société académiques D `Historie International Paris.

Among his intellectual works include essays on civil liberties, Tyranny in Paraguay, Essay on Dr. France and dictatorship in South America and the Summary History of Paraguay.

He wrote works of legal and historical. We knew him as Master of the Paraguayan Youth. He made one of the most comprehensive libraries of Paraguay. He died in Asuncion on June 18, 1941 to 79 years old.

His Government

He was interim President of the Republic, elected by the assembly the Paraguayan December 9, 1905 to replace Don Juan Bautista Gaona who was deposed. His cabinet was composed as follows: as Minister of Interior was Jose Emilio Perez, as Finance Minister Emiliano González Navero; in Foreign Affairs, Cayetano A. Careers and as minister of War and Navy was Benigno Ferreira. This was a period in which the terrible political instability did not prevent economic prosperity, the country passed through a stage very good in the economic sector.

During his government came the first cars to Paraguay; happened and so remembered the famous duel between Carlos Garcia and Freire Gomes Esteves, where Garcia died, was a good time for the country's economy was founded important industrial and commercial enterprises; were purchased the libraries Henry Solano Lopez and Blas Garay, built the Military Hospital, several streets were paved; declared imprescriptible land tax and municipal approving the statutes of the Society of Friends Education ", etc..

In the economic field is created by the Bank and the Paraguayan capital increase of the Paraguayan Industrial, including the integration of the capital of Agricultural Bank, which was circulating the issuance of 35 million pesos and general revenues reaching over 24 million and the award to Dr. Stanley of authorization to implement a service of steam between Areguá and San Bernardino.

In the field of education there were 347 primary schools with 30,000 pupils, while the University had 195 registered and 37 teachers, and the National College of the 633 students attending Capital and 72 teachers. They operated the Faculties of Law, Notaries, Medicine and Pharmacy.

Dr. Antolín Irala joined the Commission Inspector Corporations and had links with the bureaucracy poets Angel I. Gonzalez, Jose Candido Diana, Daniel Jimenez Espinoza, Fortunato Toranzos (Jr.) and the musician Agustin Barrios. There were also ten newspapers and periodicals, and four magazines.

It was inaugurated, in addition, the Grand Hotel del Paraguay. It invested $ 65,000 in items for the College of Agriculture and Mr Ernesto Wenzel authorized the construction of a tram link between rural, 20 miles, the city of Villarrica at Cerro Pelado.

In 1891 after the revolution he suffered the coldness of exile. But he returned, happily, to his country next year.

Political Biography

He participated in the creation of the Democratic Centre (later Liberal Party) on July 10, 1887. Cecilio Báez, as well as President of the Republic, was Advocate, Senator, President of the Superior Court of Justice and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor and during the government of Félix Paiva, 1937 and in 1938 was one of the signatories of the Treaty Peace with Bolivia, after completion of the Chaco War.

Served as chancellor with the presidents Juan B. Gaona in 1904, Benigno Ferreira in 1906 and Albino Jara in 1911. In Mexico, took delegations in 1903 and Great Britain and France in 1919. It was stressed as a spokesman of International Law at meetings held in Mexico, Chile and Cuba. In Mexico (1902) was an important action to defend the thesis of binding arbitration. He was also president of the International Commission of Jurists Congress Montevideo, in 1914.


* [http://www.bvp.org.py/biblio_htm/baez_francia/indice.pdf Biblioteca Virtual del Paraguay]
* [http://www.bvp.org.py/biblio_htm/baez_francia/baez_bibliografia.pdf Biblioteca Virtual del Paraguay]
* EVP - Wikipedia
* [http://www.evp.edu.py/index.php?title=Portada Enciclopedia Virtual Paraguaya - Portal]

((BD | 1892 | 1941 | Baez))

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