Line 1 (Budapest Metro)


Line 1 (Budapest Metro)

Line 1 (Budapest Metro)
Line number Line 1 ("Yellow metro")
Technical
Line length 4.4 km
Track gauge 1435 mm
Electrification 550 V DC
Operating speed 60 km/h
Route map

Budapest M1 Metro map.png

Metro 1
Unknown BSicon "utKBFa"
Vörösmarty tér
Unknown BSicon "utHSTACC"
Deák Ferenc tér - M2, M3 tr.
Urban tunnel stop on track
Bajcsy-Zsilinszky út
Urban tunnel stop on track
Opera
Urban tunnel stop on track
Oktogon
Urban tunnel stop on track
Vörösmarty utca
Urban tunnel stop on track
Kodály körönd
Urban tunnel stop on track
Bajza utca
Urban tunnel stop on track
Hősök tere
Unknown BSicon "utHSTACC"
Széchenyi fürdő
Unknown BSicon "utKACCe"
Mexikói út

The Metro 1 (Officially: Millennium Underground Railway or M1) is the oldest line of the Budapest Metro system. Known in Budapest simply as "the underground" ("a földalatti"), it is the second oldest underground railway in the world (the first being the London Underground's Metropolitan Line), and the first on the European mainland. It was built from 1894 to 1896. In 2002, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[1]

Contents

History

This is one of the 3 metro lines in Budapest. The original purpose of the first metro line was to facilitate transport to Budapest City Park, although the capital always opposed any surface transport on Andrássy Avenue – this has since become one of the most elegant roads of Budapest, part of the World Heritage. The National Assembly accepted the metro plan in 1870 and the German firm Siemens & Halske AG was commissioned for the construction starting in 1894. It took 2000 workers using up-to-date machinery less than two years to complete it. This section was built entirely from the surface (with the cut-and-cover method). Completed by the deadline, it was inaugurated on May 2 1896, the year of the millennium (the thousandth anniversary of the arrival of the Magyars), by emperor Franz Joseph. One of these original cars is preserved at the Seashore Trolley Museum.

The train ran along Andrássy Avenue, from Vörösmarty Square (the centre) to City Park, in a northeast-southwest direction, but its terminus was the Zoo (this has since been replaced). It had eleven stations, nine underground and two overground. The length of the line was 3.7 km at that time; trains ran every two minutes. It was able to carry as many as 35,000 people a day (today 103,000 people travel on it on a workday).

Stations and connections

Station Connection Buildings/Monuments
Vörösmarty tér BKV villamos symbol.svg 2, 2A Vigadó, Café Gerbeaud, Ministry of Finance
Deák Ferenc tér BKV metro.svg M2, M3
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 16, 105, 109
BKV villamos symbol.svg 47, 49
Town Hall, Metro Museum (Földalatti Vasút Múzeum)
Bajcsy-Zsilinszky út BKV busz symbol.svg 105 St. Stephen's Basilica
Opera BKV busz symbol.svg 105 Hungarian State Opera House
Oktogon BKV villamos symbol.svg 4, 6
BKV busz symbol.svg 105
Theaters (Operette, Mikroszkóp, Miklós Radnóti,...)
Vörösmarty utca BKV trolibusz symbol.svg 73, 76 House of Terror
Kodály körönd BKV busz symbol.svg 105
Bajza utca BKV busz symbol.svg 105
Hősök tere BKV busz symbol.svg 20E, 30, 30A, 105
BKV trolibusz symbol.svg 75, 79
Museum of Fine Arts, Műcsarnok (Hall of Exhibitions), Városliget (City Park), Hősök tere (Heroes square)
Széchényi fürdő BKV trolibusz symbol.svg 72 Széchenyi thermal bath, Zoo and Botanical Garden, Vidámpark (Fun Fair)
Mexikói út BKV villamos symbol.svg 3, 69
BKV trolibusz symbol.svg 74, 74A
BKV busz symbol.svg 25, 225, 32

Gallery

References


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