Agrafa


Agrafa

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Agrafa is the third largest community in Evrytania (evrytania.gr) after Domnitsa and Karpenisi. Agrafa is accessed with the road linking with GR-38 and the northern villages with a poor road to the Karditsa Prefecture. Agrafa located WNW east of Karpenisi, ENE of Agrinio, south of Karditsa and ESE of Arta. The Agrafiotis River flows to the west and further east is the Megdova River. Agrafa are part of the Pindus Mts (pindostrek.net) which is the Greek extension of the Alps. Today, many ski resorts are being planned for the region.

The Agrafa region has been populated for approximately 2,500 years. The fiercely independent spirit of its people, known as "Agrafiotes," is matched by a harsh and forbidding landscape. The central Agrafiotis River valley is surrounded on three sides by a steep 2,000-meter wall of mountains, and on its south side the river drains via a series of narrow and often impassable gorges into the man-made Lake Plastiras.

Most of the surrounding forests in the region were controlled by Greek Orthodox monasteries for many hundreds of years and throughout the Turkish occupation of the Balkans. The residents of the Agrafa purchased tracts of land from the monasteries hundreds of years ago and these forests remain in the communal hands of the current inhabitants. Agrafa was a center of literacy during the 400 years of domination and slavery by the Turks. Since the monasteries were independent from the Sultan, it was here that the Greek language was kept alive; reading and writing were taught in secrecy, generation after generation as the Turks forbade the general population from learning how to read and write their own language. Unlike the majority of Greeks, many Agrafiotes can trace their family histories back for generations since they were free to read, write, and record births, baptisms, and deaths.

ubdivisions

*Agrafa
*Gavrosilada
*Kamaria
*Neraida
*Palaiolakka
*Paramerita
*Petralona

Municipal districts

*Epiniana
**Anifora
**Asprorrevma
**Pteri
*Marathos
**Katsantoni
**Selo
*Monastiraki
**Kefalovryso
*Tridendro
*Trovato
**Agios Athanasios
**Kavakia
*Vrangiana
**Dendros
**Elatos
**Karya
**Koustesa
**Valari

Historical population

Modernization

Before modernization, most people's occupations in the Agrafa involved harvesting nuts and fruits from orchards, farming, shepherding, and textile manufacturing. Most of the produce from the Agrafa are traditional cold weather crops or crops which can survive in poor soil. The beans grown in the Agrafa are second to none for flavor and quality. The proceeds of the timber sales from the forests purchased from the Greek Orthodox monasteries continue to benefit the community as a whole.

The most famous person from the Agrafa and the driving force behind modernization was General Nikolaos Plastiras. It was General Plastiras' vision to create a hydroelectric dam in the region so that nearly all of mainland Greece, excluding the Peloponese, would be supplied with electricity, particularly the many fractured villages and rural communities. A spin-off from this project was the mass irrigation system developed to supply the farmers in the plains of Thessaly with water and increase the yields of cash crops such as cotton. Construction began during the peaceful era of the 1950s after World War II and the Greek Civil War. Once completed General Plastiras' hydroelectric dam propelled the Greek nation into the modern era. The majority of the workers on this project were Agrafiotes themselves. As a result of their years of dedication and sacrifice to the project, the residents of the region enjoy free water up until this day. The Agrafa, originally one of the poorest andmost isolated regions of Greece, is quickly becoming a hot tourist destination, as the area's beauty is reminiscent of the Alps of Austria and Switzerland.

Many Agrafiotes left their villages and settled in the major metropolitan cities in Greece as well as in the United States, Canada, Australia, and Germany, seeking an escape from the abject poverty and lack of opportunities which once haunted the area. The migration from the region first began in the 1920s and has nearly ceased after the military junta which had ruled Greece from 1967–1974 was toppled. Recently in the 1990s, the population like the rest of the prefecture boomed rapidly and was much above and nearly tripled and it restored a part of the population that was in the early 20th century, it was the fastest in the prefecture and one in Greece that it became the third largest community in Greece.

Other

Agrafa has a school, a lyceum or a middle school, a gymnasium or a secondary school, churches, a post office, banks, and a few squares ("plateies").

External links

* [http://www.gtp.gr/LocPage.asp?id=4741 Agrafa (municipality) on GTP Travel Pages] (in English and Greek)
* [http://www.gtp.gr/LocPage.asp?id=4742 Agrafa (community) on GTP Travel Pages] (in English and Greek)
*Map and aerial photos:
**Street
http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?latlongtype=decimal&latitude=39.1355&longitude=21.6502&zoom=6 Street map from Mapquest] , [http://maps.msn.com/map.aspx?&lats1=39.1355&lons1=21.6502&alts1=35 MapPoint] or [http://maps.google.com/maps?||=39.1355,21.6502 Google] or [http://maps.yahoo.com/maps_result?lat=39.1355&lon=21.6502&mag=2 Yahoo! Maps]
**Satellite
http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=39.1355,21.6502&spn=0.11,0.18&t=k Google] or [http://virtualearth.msn.com/default.aspx?cp=39.1355|21.6502&style=h&lvl=15&v=1 Microsoft Virtual Earth] - image now available
*Coordinates: coord|39|8|7|N|21|39|1|E|type:city(3,691)_region:GR
* [http://www.odigoslimnisplastira.gr Λίμνη Πλαστήρα - Lace Plastiras]

ee also

*List of settlements in the Evrytania prefecture

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • agrafă — AGRÁFĂ, agrafe, s.f. 1. Nume dat unor obiecte care servesc să prindă sau să fixeze o haină, părul etc. ♦ Piesă de metal cu care se leagă blocurile de piatră, se fixează zidăria etc. 2. (med.) Mică piesă metalică cu care se prind şi se menţin… …   Dicționar Român

  • Agrafa — (Keraséa,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Keraséa, Keraséa, 43100, Греция О …   Каталог отелей

  • agrafa — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż Ia, CMc. agrafafie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} ozdobna zapinka służąca do spinania części szat, przypinana także do nakryć głowy : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Srebrna agrafa. {{/stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Agrafa — Der Begriff Agrafa (griechisch Άγραφα) bezeichnet: Agrafa (Gebirge) ein Gebirge in Griechenland in den Präfekturen Evrytania und Karditsa Agrafa (Gemeinde) eine Gemeinde (griechisch Δήμος Αγράφων, Dimos Agrafon) in der Präfektur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agrafa — 39° 08′ 00″ N 21° 39′ 00″ E / 39.133333, 21.65 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • agrafa — ż IV, CMs. agrafafie; lm D. agrafaaf 1. «ozdobna zapinka służąca do spinania części ubrania, zdobiąca nakrycie głowy itp.; także: duża agrafka» Ozdobna agrafa. Przypiąć agrafę. Spiąć szal agrafą. 2. archit. «motyw dekoracyjny w kształcie ozdobnej …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • Agrafa — Sp Agrafà Ap Αγραφά/Agrafa L kk. C Graikijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • agrafa — àgrafa2 sr mn <G ȁgrāfā> DEFINICIJA rel. Kristove izreke koje nisu zapisane u kanonskom Evanđelju (tzv. usmena predaja) ETIMOLOGIJA grč. ágraphos ≃ a 1 + gráphein: pisati …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • agrafa — àgrafa1 ž <G mn ȁgrāfā> DEFINICIJA 1. umjetnički izrađena kopča 2. arhit. a. plastičan ukras koji prividno povezuje pojedine dekorativne elemente b. željezna spona koja veže po dva kamena u zidu ili luku ETIMOLOGIJA fr. agrafe …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • agráfã — s. f. (sil. gra ), g. d. art. agráfei; pl. agráfe …   Romanian orthography