- Proton-to-electron mass ratio
The proton-to-electron mass ratio, , is given simply by the
protonmass divided by the electron mass. It is considered a fundamental quantity in physics, as it is dimensionlessin all systems of units. It has a numerical value given by 1836.1526724718(80) (i.e. there is a 1 standard deviation uncertainty in the last two digits of ±80).
It turns out that the mass of the proton is composed primarily of gluons, and not of the individual quark masses (the
up quarkand down quark). In fact, in the chiral limit, the mass of the proton, , is proportional to the QCDenergy scale, . At a given energy scale, the strong coupling constant is related to the QCD scale (and thus ) as
where . is the number of quark flavours.
* http://physics.nist.gov/cgi-bin/cuu/Value?mpsme (Current CODATA recommended value)
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