Vicente Rocafuerte

Vicente Rocafuerte

Infobox President
name=Vicente Rocafuerte

order=2nd President of Ecuador
term_start=August 8, 1835
term_end=January 31, 1839
vicepresident=Juan Bernardo León
predecessor=Juan José Flores
successor=Juan José Flores
order2=2nd Supreme Chief of the State
term_start2=June 8. 1835
term_end2=August 8, 1835
order3=Supreme Chief of the Department of Guayas
term_start3=September 10. 1834
term_end3=June 22, 1835
birth_date=birth date|1783|5|1|mf=y
birth_place=Guayaquil, Ecuador
death_date=death date and age|1847|5|16|1783|5|1
death_place=Lima, Peru
spouse=Baltasara Calderón

Vicente Rocafuerte y Bejarano (May 1, 1783 - May 16, 1847) was an influential figure in Ecuadorian politics and President of Ecuador from September 10, 1834 to January 31, 1839.

He was born into an aristocratic family in Guayaquil, Ecuador, and as a youth, was sent to Madrid to finish his education. He returned to Ecuador in 1807, and committed himself to freeing his land, first from Spanish rule, and later from the Republic of Gran Colombia.

After Ecuadorian independence, Rocafuerte was elected a member of the National Congress for Pichincha Province. He led the opposition to President Juan José Flores, who exiled him to Peru.

Rocafuerte returned, and on September 20, 1833, became Governor of Guayas Province. He revolted against Flores, but was defeated and imprisoned. Because of the respect he was held in by his many supporters, Rocafuerte negotiated a settlement with Flores, and was released from prison. The settlement allowed Flores to finish his term in office, and promised Rocafuerte would become president afterwards, with Flores to head the army.

During his presidency, Rocafuerte passed a new constitution in 1835, and gave greater protection to Native Americans in Ecuador.

In 1839, after Rocafuerte had left office, Flores was again elected president, and for some time there were no difficulties between the two men. However, after electoral irregularities in 1843, Flores annulled the 1835 constitution and passed a new one, called by Rocafuerte 'The Letter of Slavery'. When Flores took up a third term as president in 1843, Rocafuerte left Ecuador in protest. After a short rebellion, Rocafuerte and Vicente Ramón Roca overthrew Flores on March 6, 1845, and Roca became president of Ecuador later that year.

Under Vicente Ramón Roca's presidency, Rocafuerte was appointed as special representative to various South American countries. He died on May 16, 1847.

External links

* [ Official Website of the Ecuadorian Government about the country President's History]

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Vicente Rocafuerte — Presidente de Ecuador …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vicente Rocafuerte — Bejarano (* 1. Mai 1783 in Guayaquil; † 16. Mai 1847 in Lima) war ein ecuadorianischer Politiker. Er war vom 10. September 1834 bis zum 31. Januar 1839 der zweite Präsident von Ecuador. Leben Rocafuerte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vicente Rocafuerte — y Rodríguez de Bejarano, né le 1er mai 1783 à Guayaquil et mort le 16 mai 1847 à Lima a été le deuxième président de l’Équateur du 10 septembre 1834 au 31 janvier 1839 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte — La Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte de Guayaquil es una institución educativa superior, enfocada en una ideología laica pluralista. Forma profesionales desde 1966. Su rectora es la MSc.doctora Elsa Alarcón Soto. Su fundador fue el Dr Alfonso… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rocafuerte (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Rocafuerte puede referirse a: Vicente Rocafuerte, presidente de Ecuador. Rocafuerte Fútbol Club, club de fútbol de Ecuador. Obtenido de Rocafuerte (desambiguaci%C3%B3n) Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rocafuerte — bezeichnet den Ort Rocafuerte (Ecuador) in Ecuador (Provinz Manabí) den Ort Nuevo Rocafuerte in Ecuador und ist der Name von folgenden Personen Vicente Rocafuerte (1783−1847), ecuadorianischer Politiker; von 1834 bis 1839 der zweite Präsident von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vicente de Valverde — Vicente de Valverde, O. P. Obispo del Cuzco Detalle de La toma de Cajamarca (Anónimo) Fraile …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rocafuerte — Rocafuerte, Vicente …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rocafuerte, Vicente — ► (1783 1847) Político ecuatoriano. Fue presidente de la República en 1835 39 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado — Rafael Correa Rafael Correa Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado (* 6. April 1963 in Guayaquil) ist ein ecuadorianischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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