- Morris Sheppard
John Morris Sheppard United States Senator
Preceded by Rienzi M. Johnston Succeeded by Andrew J. Houston United States Congressman
Texas 1st Congressional District
Preceded by Thomas H. Ball Succeeded by Horace Worth Vaughan United States Congressman
Texas 4th Congressional District
Preceded by John Levi Sheppard Succeeded by Choice B. Randell Personal details Born May 28, 1875
Bowie County, Texas
Died April 9, 1941(aged 65) Resting place Hillcrest Cemetery
Political party Democratic Spouse(s) Lucille Sanderson Children Three daughters Residence Texarkana, Texas Alma mater UT Austin Law School
Yale Law School
Profession Attorney Religion Methodist
John Morris Sheppard (May 28, 1875 – April 9, 1941) was a Democratic United States Congressman and United States Senator from Texas. He authored the Eighteenth Amendment (Prohibition) and introduced it in the Senate, so that he is referred to as "the father of national Prohibition."
John Morris Sheppard was born in Morris County in east Texas, the oldest of seven children, to lawyer and later judge and United States Representative John Levi Sheppard and his wife the former Margaret Alice Eddins.
Through his mother Margaret, Morris was a direct descendent of Robert Morris (1734–1806) who had signed the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution.
Sheppard enrolled at the University of Texas at Austin in 1891 and received his B.A. degree from there in 1895, as well as his LL.B. from University of Texas School of Law in 1897. It was while enrolled at UT-Austin Law School that Sheppard became a member of the Methodist Church. He was also a close friend and classmate of future Governor of Texas Pat Neff and future U. S. Senator Tom Connally while at the University of Texas School of Law. In 1898, he received his LL.M. from Yale University.
In 1902, Morris Sheppard was elected as a Democrat to replace his deceased father in the United States House of Representatives. He held a seat until his resignation in 1913, when he succeeded in his bid to fill a vacancy in the Senate.
Sheppard held his Senate seat until his death in Washington, D.C. in 1941, serving as Democratic whip between 1929 and 1933. Future U.S. President and then-representative Lyndon B. Johnson ran unsuccessfully for Sheppard's Senate seat in the special election called after Sheppard's death.
As Senator, Sheppard sponsored progressive reform legislation promoting rural credit programs, child labor laws, and antitrust laws. He was also an advocate of the Women's suffrage in the United States.
During his tenure, he was a vocal supporter of the temperance movement. He helped write the Webb-Kenyon Act (1913) to regulate the interstate shipment of alcoholic beverages, authored the Sheppard Bone-Dry Act (1916) to impose prohibition on the District of Columbia, introduced the Senate resolution for the Eighteenth Amendment establishing national prohibition, and helped write the Volstead Act which provided for its enforcement.
Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infancy Protection Act of 1921
Co-sponsored by Morris Sheppard and Horace Mann Towner, the Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921 provided Federal matching funds for services aimed to reduce maternal and infant mortality. The funding included: midwife training; visiting nurses for pregnant women and new mothers; distribution of nutrition and hygiene information; health clinics, doctors and nurses, for pregnant women, mothers and children.
Federal Credit Union Act of 1934
Senator Morris Sheppard and Congressman Wright Patman are considered the fathers of the Federal Credit Union Act of 1934. Sheppard was the act's author. The bill had stalled in the United States House of Representatives considerably shortening the time the Senate had to pass the final version. Rather than sending the bill to a Conference Committee, Sheppard asked the United States Senate to pass the bill unanimously without reading the bill or the amendments. The bill passed the Senate unanimously. The Morris Sheppard Credit Union in Texarkana, Texas carries the Senator's name, while the institution's local credit union chapter is named after Congressman Patman.
On December 1, 1909, Sheppard married Lucille Sanderson. The couple had three daughters. Sheppard and his wife were the grandparents of Connie Mack, III, Republican U.S. Senator from Florida, and great-grandparents of Connie Mack IV, Republican U.S. Representative from Florida. Other Sheppard grandsons were Democrat Richard Sheppard Arnold (1936–2004) and Republican Morris Sheppard "Buzz" Arnold (born 1941), federal appeals court judges in Arkansas. The federal courthouse in Little Rock is named in Judge Richard Arnold's honor. Judge Morris Arnold, a Republican, remains on the Eighth Circuit court under senior status.
Senator Morris died in office of a brain hemorrhage on April 9, 1941. He is interred at Hillcrest Cemetery in Texarkana, Texas.
The year following Sheppard's death, Lucille Sanderson Sheppard, married United States Senator from Texas, Tom Connally. Senator Connally also pre-deceased Lucille. When she died in 1980, she was buried with her first husband Morris Sheppard in Hillcrest Cemetery.
- Knights of Pythias
- Odd Fellows
- Woodmen of the World
- Improved Order of Red Men
- Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks
- Kappa Alpha Order
- Phi Beta Kappa Society
- ^ Brown, Norman D. (1984). Hood, bonnet, and little brown jug: Texas politics, 1921-1928. Texas A&M University Press. p. 226. ISBN 0-89096-157-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=1LV8z4R_6_wC&pg=PA226&lpg=PA226&dq=%22father+of+national+prohibition%22&source=bl&ots=Giv-kdljfF&sig=EAbBYm8PwNoYWI4sNkomRKNxByU&hl=en&ei=eDacTpy7FbSfsQK1gvzrBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&sqi=2&ved=0CCkQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22father%20of%20national%20prohibition%22&f=false. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
- ^ a b c d Bailey, Richard: John Morris Sheppard from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 17 July 2010. Texas State Historical Association
- ^ Blodgett, Dorothy, Terrell Blodgett, and David L. Scott (2007). The Land, the Law, and the Lord: The Life of Pat Neff. Home Place Publishers Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-9761152-2-9.
- ^ a b Guttery, Ben (2008). Representing Texas: a Comprehensive History of U.S. and Confederate Senators and Representatives from Texas. BookSurge Publishing. p. 138. ISBN 978-1419678844.
- ^ "Sheppard-Towner Maternity And Infancy Protection Act - 42 Stat. 224 (1921)". http://womenshistory.about.com/od/laws/a/sheppard-towner.htm. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
- ^ "Federal CU Act Passes: 1934". Credit Union Magazine (Credit Union National Association Inc) (18 Nov 2008).
- ^ "History-Morris Sheppard Texarkana Federal Credit". http://morrissheppardfcu.org/?page_id=2. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
- ^ "Grave of Morris Sheppard". Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=sheppard&GSbyrel=in&GSdy=1941&GSdyrel=in&GSst=46&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GRid=7785490&. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
- ^ "Grave of Lucille Sanderson Sheppard Connally". Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=sheppard&GSiman=1&GScid=4249&GRid=18805736&. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
United States House of Representatives Preceded by
John Levi Sheppard
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 4th congressional district
Choice B. Randell
Thomas H. Ball
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 1st congressional district
Horace Worth Vaughan
United States Senate Preceded by
Rienzi M. Johnston
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Texas
Andrew J. Houston
United States Senate Minority Whips Chairmen of the United States Senate Committee on Armed Services Military Affairs Committee
Naval Affairs Committee
Armed Services Committee
United States Senators from Texas Class 1 Class 2
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Morris Sheppard — John Morris Sheppard (* 28. Mai 1875 in Wheatville, Morris County, Texas; † 9. April 1941 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Demokratische Partei), der den Bundesstaat Texas in … Deutsch Wikipedia
Morris S. Arnold — Morris Sheppard Buzz Arnold Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit In office May 26, 1992 – October 9, 2006 Nominated by George Herbert Walker Bush Preceded by Donald Lay … Wikipedia
Sheppard — can refer to: * Sheppard Avenue in Toronto, Canada. Hence: ** Sheppard (TTC), Sheppard subway line ** Sheppard Yonge (TTC), formerly Sheppard, subway station * Sheppard Air Force Base in Texas * Shepard tonePeople named Sheppard: * Alison… … Wikipedia
Sheppard — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alison Sheppard (* 1972), schottische Schwimmerin Andy Sheppard (* 1957), englischer Jazzsaxophonist Anne D. R. Sheppard (geb. Anne D. D. Raphael; * 1951), britische Altphilologin und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sheppard Air Force Base — BW … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sheppard Air Force Base — Infobox Airport name = Sheppard Air Force Base nativename = Part of Air Education and Training Command (AETC) image width = 300 caption = 18 Feb 1996 image2 width = 200 caption2 = Location of Sheppard Air Force Base IATA = SPS ICAO = KSPS FAA =… … Wikipedia
Sheppard–Towner Act — The Sheppard–Towner Maternity and Infancy Protection Act of 1921 was a U.S. Act of Congress providing federal funding for maternity and child care. It was sponsored by Senator Morris Sheppard (D) of Texas and Representative Horace Mann Towner (R) … Wikipedia
John Sheppard — may refer to:* John Sheppard (composer) (c.1515–1558), English singer and composer * John Sheppard (VC) (1817–1884), English recipient of the Victoria Cross, 1855 * John Calhoun Sheppard (1850–1931), Governor of South Carolina, 1886 * John Levi… … Wikipedia
John Levi Sheppard — (April 13, 1852, Bluffton, Alabama ndash; October 11, 1902, Texarkana, Texas) was an American lawyer, judge, and legislator. Sheppard was elected to two terms as a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives for the Fourth… … Wikipedia
Earle Morris — Earle Morris, Jr. (* 1. Oktober 1928; † 11. Februar 2011) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Demokratischen Partei. Während seiner politischen Karriere gehörte Morris sowohl dem Repräsentantenhaus als auch dem Senat von South Carolina an. Im … Deutsch Wikipedia