- Yunnan-Guangxi War
The Yunnan-Guangxi War was a
war of successionfought for the control of the Chinese Nationalist Partyafter the death of Sun Yat-senin 1925. It was launched by the Yunnan cliqueagainst the party leadership and the New Guangxi clique.
18 March1925, six days after Sun's death, Tang Jiyao, leader of the Yunnan clique, claimed to be the rightful leader of the Kuomintang against acting generalissimo Hu Hanminand the party executives. He had been a revolutionary since the Qing dynasty, was one of the most prominent leaders of the National Protection Waragainst Yuan Shikai, co-founded the Constitutional Protection Movement, and assisted Sun during the Guangdong-Guangxi Warand Chen Jiongming's rebellion. Despite this, his relationship with Sun was not solid. He had previously negotiated with the Beiyang governmentand other northern warlords, resisted Sun's call for the Northern Expedition, and was unwilling to provide the National Assembly longterm shelter during the Guangdong-Guangxi War. Sun had also recognized the authority of Gu Pinzhen, who had briefly overthrown Tang in 1921.
Given that he was the most accomplished and famous general in the Kuomintang, Tang believed he was the natural leader of the national revolution. He justified his claim in that Sun had named Tang his "deputy generalissimo" in 1924. In actuality, Tang had declined this position when he learned it was inferior to Hu Hanmin's "vice generalissimo" rank. The party leaders denounced Tang as a usurper.
Frustrated, Tang rallied his allies in
Yunnanand Guizhouto lead an expedition to Guangzhou. Hu Hanmin requested the New Guangxi cliqueto form a defense. Li Zongrensuccessfully routed Tang's invading armies during the summer. Li Zongren's stature rose as a result of the war and he would later become acting president.
The fortunes of the previously obscure
Chiang Kai-shekalso rose during the war. In August, the right-wing Hu Hanmin was blamed for the assassination of fellow party executive Liao Zhongkaiand was arrested and exiled by Chiang and Wang Jingwei. Chiang took over General Xu Chongzhi's role as commander of the KMT's military since Xu was suspected of either taking part of the assassination, knowing about it, or was simply incompetent in providing security. Many KMT right-wing leaders were demoted like Lin Senand Dai Jitao. This effectively made Chiang the second most powerful person in the KMT after Wang Jingwei.
In September, Chen Jiongming launched his final rebellion in Guangdong which was crushed by Chiang. Chen and Tang became allies and were elected premier and vice premier respectively of the new
China Public Interest Partyin San Franciscoon October. The party advocated federalism and multi-party democracy; it moved its headquarters to Hong Kongin 1926.
Chiang Kai-shek eventually ousted Wang Jingwei following the
Zhongshan Warship Incidentin the spring of 1926. After the Nationalists' successful Northern Expedition, many of Tang's generals wanted to realign themselves with the Kuomintang. Long Yunforced Tang into retirement in February 1927. Tang died one month later at the age of 44. The China Public Interest Party is currently part of the People's Political Consultative Conferencein the People's Republic of China.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Yunnan clique — The Yunnan Clique (zh cp|c=滇系|p=Diān Xì) was one of several mutually hostile cliques or factions that split from the Beiyang Government in the Republic of China s warlord era. It was named for Yunnan Province.Cai E is regarded as the founder of… … Wikipedia
Yunnan — Not to be confused with Yunan (disambiguation). Coordinates: 24°30′N 101°30′E / 24.5°N 101.5°E / 24.5; 101.5 … Wikipedia
Guangxi — This article is about the region. For the sociological concept, see Guānxi. Coordinates: 23°36′N 108°18′E / 23.6°N 108.3°E / 23.6; 108.3 … Wikipedia
Yunnan — /yoo nan , nahn /; Chin. /yyuun nahn /, n. Pinyin. 1. a province in S China. 20,510,000; 168,417 sq. mi. (436,200 sq. km). Cap.: Kunming. 2. former name of Kunming. Also, Wade Giles, Yünnan. * * * or Yün nan Province (pop., 2000 est.: 42,880,000) … Universalium
First Zhili–Fengtian War — War Part of Warlord era Date April 10, 1922 June 18, 1922 Location Zhili, China Result … Wikipedia
New Guangxi clique — After the founding of the Republic of China, Guangxi served as the base for one of the most powerful warlord cliques of China: the Old Guangxi clique. Led by Lu Rongting (陆荣廷) and others, the clique was able to take control of neighbouring Hunan… … Wikipedia
Old Guangxi clique — After the founding of the Republic of China, Guangxi served as the base for one of the most powerful warlord cliques of China: the Old Guangxi Clique. Led by Lu Rongting(陆荣廷), the clique was able to take control of neighbouring Hunan and… … Wikipedia
National Protection War — (simplified Chinese: 护国战争; traditional Chinese: 護國戰爭) Date 1915 1916 Location China Result … Wikipedia
Central Plains War — Part of Chinese Civil War (Left to right) Feng, Chiang and … Wikipedia
Zhili–Anhui War — Zhili Anhui War Part of The Warlord era of Republican China Date July 14, 1920 – July 23, 1920 Location Hebei, China Result … Wikipedia