- Speculative fiction
Speculative fiction is a term used as an inclusive descriptor covering a group of
fiction genres that speculate about worlds that are unlike the real world in various important ways. In these contexts, it generally includes science fiction, fantasy fiction, horror fiction, supernatural fiction, superhero fiction, utopian and dystopian fiction, apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction, alternate history, and magic realism.
The term is used this way in academic and ideological criticism of these genres, as well as by some readers, writers, and editors of these genres.
The term is often attributed to
Robert A. Heinlein. In his first known use of the term, in his 1948 essay "On Writing of Speculative Fiction," Heinlein used it specifically as a synonym for "science fiction"; in a later piece, he explicitly stated that his use of the term did not include fantasy. Heinlein may have come up with the term himself, but there is one earlier citation: a piece in "Lippincott's Monthly Magazine" in 1889, in reference to Edward Bellamy's "". A variation on this term is "speculative literature." "Speculative fiction" is sometimes abbreviated "spec-fic," "S-F," "SF," or "sf". The last three abbreviations are also used to refer to "science fiction", so they can lead to confusion.
The use of "speculative fiction" in the sense of expressing dissatisfaction with science fiction was popularized in the 1960s and early 1970s by
Judith Merriland other writers and editors, in connection with the New Wave movement. It fell into disuse around the mid 1970s. The Internet Speculative Fiction Databasecontains a broad list of different subtypes. In the 2000s, the term has come into wider use a convenient collective term for a set of genres. Academic journals which publish essays on speculative fiction include " Femspec", "Extrapolation", and "Foundation".
The term has been used to express dissatisfaction with what some people consider the limitations of science fiction "per se". For example, in
Harlan Ellison's writing, the term may signal a wish not to be pigeonholed as a science fiction writer, and a desire to break out of science fiction's genre conventions in a literary and modernist direction; or to escape the prejudice with which science fiction is often met by mainstreamcritics [http://aol.bartleby.com/66/51/63051.html] . Some readers and writers of science fiction see the term as insulting towards science fiction, and therefore as having negative connotations.
Hugo Award for Best Related Book
* [http://www.jessesword.com/sf/view/438 Dictionary citations for the term "speculative fiction"]
* [http://www.isfdb.org/cgi-bin/index.cgi Internet Speculative Fiction Database]
*The [http://gutenberg.net.au/sfproject.html SF Page] at Project Gutenberg of Australia
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Speculative fiction — В этой статье не хватает ссылок на источники информации. Информация должна быть проверяема, иначе она может быть поставлена под сомнение и удалена. Вы можете … Википедия
speculative fiction — /ˈspɛkjələtɪv fɪkʃən/ (say spekyuhluhtiv fikshuhn) noun 1. science fiction. 2. a genre of fiction, including science fiction, fantasy and horror, which deals with imagined worlds and their inhabitants, or with imagined characters set in the real… … Australian English dictionary
speculative fiction — noun a) A class of fiction including but not necessarily limited to fantasy, horror and science fiction, dealing with worlds, themes and characters not part of everyday life. b) A particular work belonging to this class … Wiktionary
Speculative fiction by writers of color — Speculative fiction is defined as science fiction, fantasy, and horror. Within those categories exists many other subcategories, for example cyberpunk, magical realism, and psychological horror. The terms multicultural, person of color, women of… … Wikipedia
Portal:Speculative fiction — Shortcut: P:SF … Wikipedia
Homosexuality in speculative fiction — (SF) refers to the incorporation of gay themes into science fiction or fantasy fiction and related genres. Such elements may include a lesbian, gay, bisexual or transexual LGBT character as the protagonist or a major character, or exploration of… … Wikipedia
Sex and sexuality in speculative fiction — Part of a series on Sex and sexuality in speculative fiction … Wikipedia
Utah Speculative Fiction Council — NOTOC The Utah Speculative Fiction Council (UtahSF) is a non profit organization designed to allow all the different speculative fiction related organizations in Utah to have a common forum which fosters discussion and inter group cooperation a… … Wikipedia
Biblical speculative fiction — is Speculative fiction that uses Christian themes and incorporates the Christian worldview. (It is thus distinct from speculations on the Bible and/or Christianity such as Dan Brown s The Da Vinci Code.) The difference between biblical… … Wikipedia
Merril Collection Of Speculative Fiction And Fantasy — Informations géographiques Coordonnées Pays Canada Localité Toronto Informations générales … Wikipédia en Français