- Exponential object
In

mathematics , specifically incategory theory , an**exponential object**is the categorical equivalent of afunction space inset theory . Categories with all finite products and exponential objects are called cartesian closed categories. An exponential object may also be called a**power object**or**map object**.**Definition**Let "C" be a category with binary products and let "Y" and "Z" be objects of "C". The exponential object "Z"

^{"Y"}can be defined as auniversal morphism from thefunctor –×"Y" to "Z". (The functor –×"Y" from "C" to "C" maps objects "X" to "X"×"Y" and morphisms φ to φ×id_{"Y"}).Explicitly, the definition is as follows. An object "Z"

^{"Y"}, together with a morphism:$mathrm\{eval\}colon\; (Z^Y\; imes\; Y)\; ightarrow\; Z,$

is an exponential object if for any object "X" and morphism "g" : ("X"×"Y") → "Z" there is a unique morphism

:$lambda\; gcolon\; X\; o\; Z^Y,$

such that the following diagram commutes:

If the exponential object "Z"

^{"Y"}exists for all objects "Z" in "C", then the functor which sends "Z" to "Z"^{"Y"}is aright adjoint to the functor –×"Y". In this case we have a natural bijection between thehom-set s:$mathrm\{Hom\}(X\; imes\; Y,Z)\; cong\; mathrm\{Hom\}(X,Z^Y).$(Note: In

functional programming language s, the morphism "eval" is often called "apply ", and the syntax $lambda\; g$ is often written "curry"("g"). The morphism "eval" here must not to be confused with theeval function in someprogramming language s, which evaluates quoted expressions.)**Examples**In the

category of sets , the exponential object $Z^Y$ is the set of all functions from $Y$ to $Z$. The map $mathrm\{eval\}colon\; (Z^Y\; imes\; Y)\; o\; Z$ is just the evaluation map which sends the pair ("f", "y") to "f"("y"). For any map $gcolon\; (X\; imes\; Y)\; ightarrow\; Z$ the map $lambda\; gcolon\; X\; o\; Z^Y$ is the curried form of $g$::$lambda\; g(x)(y)\; =\; g(x,y).,$In the

category of topological spaces , the exponential object "Z"^{"Y"}exists provided that "Y" is alocally compact Hausdorff space . In that case, the space "Z"^{"Y"}is the set of all continuous functions from "Y" to "Z" together with thecompact-open topology . The evaluation map is the same as in the category of sets. If "Y" is not locally compact Hausdorff, the exponential object may not exist (the space "Z"^{"Y"}still exists, but it may fail to be an exponential object since the evaluation function need not be continuous). For this reason the category of topological spaces fails to be cartesian closed.**References***cite book|last=Adámek|first=Jiří|coauthors=Horst Herrlich, George Strecker|title=Abstract and Concrete Categories (The Joy of Cats)|url=http://katmat.math.uni-bremen.de/acc/|origyear=1990|year=2006

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