- Wesley College, Melbourne
Infobox Aust school private
name = Wesley College
motto = ""
Latin:"Dare To Be Wise")
established = 1866
type = Independent,
co-educational, day school
denomination = Uniting Church
slogan = "Success Has a Purple Lining"
key_people = Dr Helen Drennen (Principal)
city = St Kilda Road, Glen Waverley, Elsternwick
state = Victoria
coordinates = coord|37|50|57|S|144|58|55|E|display=inline,title
enrolment = ~3,511 (K–12)cite book | author=Wesley College | title=Wesley College Chronicle 2007: Campus Roll | publisher=Wesley | year=2007 | id=ISBN 0522853254]
colours = Wesley Purple and Gold color box|#660099color box|#FFD700
homepage = [http://www.wesleycollege.net/ www.wesleycollege.net]
Wesley College, Melbourne is an independent, co-educational
day schoolin Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Established in 1866, the college is a school of the Uniting Church in Australia. Wesley is the largest school in Australia by enrolment, with (2008) 3,511 studentscite book | author=Wesley College Community | title=Wesley College Chronicle 2007 | publisher=Wesley College | year=2007 | id=ISBN 0522853254] and 1,250 staff [cite web|publisher=Wesley College, Melbourne|title=Position Description - Early Childhood Teacher|url=http://www.wesleycollege.net/emDesc.cfm?id=28&jobid=862|accessdate=2008-08-30] .
Wesley is a founding member of the
Associated Public Schools of Victoriaand is affiliated with the Junior School Heads Association of Australia, the Association of Independent Schools of Victoria, the Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia and the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conferencecite web |url=http://www.hmc.org.uk/schools/international.htm |title=International Members |accessdate=2008-09-15 |work= HMC Schools |publisher= The Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference] .
In 2001 "
The Sun-Herald" ranked Wesley College sixth in Australia's top ten schools for boys, based on the number of its male alumnimentioned in " Who's Who in Australia"cite web|publisher=Better Education Australia|title=Who's Who of School Rankings|url=http://bettereducation.com.au/SchoolRanking.aspx|accessdate=2008-09-05] [The rankings were: 1. Scotch College, Melbourne, 2. Melbourne Grammar School, 3.Melbourne High School, 4. Geelong Grammar School, 5. Sydney Boys High School, 6.Wesley College, 7.Shore, 8.Fort Street Boys' High, 9. North Sydney Boys High School, 10. Sydney Grammar School] .
Wesley College has three metropolitan day campuses - at Prahran (renamed St Kilda Road campus from 2004), Glen Waverley and Elsternwick. There is a residential campus at Clunes and a campus in
Collins Street, Melbourne, where the city curriculum project is based for Year 9 students. The college owns three camp sites in Victoria, near Paynesville, Healesville and Portland [cite web|publisher=Hobsons International Students Guide|title=Wesley College, Melbourne|accessdate=2008-08-27|url=http://www.studiesinaustralia.com/profiles/wesley_college_melbourne__1] . Each day campus has an early childhood learning centre catering for children from ages three to four.
The school was the first registered school in Australia,cite web|publisher=School Choice Victoria|url=http://www.schoolchoice.com.au/schools_vic/find_a_school?cid=12222&pid=1865568|title=Wesley College|accessdate=2007-06-15] and caters for students from
kindergartenthrough to Year 12, offering the Victorian Certificate of Education, International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme, Vocational Education and TrainingProgramme and the Victorian Certificate of Applied Learningprogrammes.
Wesley has an open entry policy, with no entrance examinations or particular entrance requirements. [cite web|publisher=Wesley College, Melbourne|title=What We Offer|url=http://www.wesleycollege.net/awOffer.cfm|accessdate=2008-07-03] A report in November 2007 cited Wesley's fees as among the highest of any school in Victoria.cite web|url=http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2007/11/29/1196037074779.html?from=top5|title=Private school fees break through $20,000|accessdate=2008-08-27|date=2007-11-30|publisher=The Age, Melbourne]
The beginnings of Wesley College came from a decision of the state government of Victoria in the wake of the
Victorian gold rushto grant land and funds to four religious groups, including the Wesleyan Methodist Church, for the purpose of establishing colleges in Melbourne. [Lemon, p. 27] In 1854, the government offered the Wesleyans ten acres facing St Kilda Rd. [Blainey p. 21] Major benefactor Walter Powell encouraged other Wesleyan Methodists to bridge the gap in funds between the government grant and that required to build the school. Daniel Draper and others subsequently contributed sufficient funds. The foundation stone was laid at the present site of the St Kilda Road campus on 4 January 1865. Draper drowned at sea on the day of the school's official opening on 11 January 1866.Lemon, p. 28]
James Waugh was chairman of the school committee [cite web|title=Martin Howy Irving:Professor, Headmaster, Public Servant|pages=p. 21|url=http://www.huu.unimelb.edu.au/pdf/Martin,%20M%20H%20Irving.pdf|publisher=History of the University Unit, University of Melbourne|author=John Martin|date=2006|accessdate=2008-09-17] from foundation until 1883. Dr James Corrigan was the first of seven Headmasters in Wesley's first 35 years. The school struggled for numbers over some of this period. The Depression of the 1890s provided a particular challenge when
Arthur Waywas Headmaster, and came to a head in 1896 under Arthur Stephenson when enrolment dropped to 90 boys and closure was threatened. [Lemon, p. 99] Thomas Palmer's tenure as headmaster was curtailed early in 1902 after he was found to have embezzled more than £1,000 of the school's funds. [cite web|publisher=Australian Dictionary of Biography|title=Thomas Palmer (1858-1927)|accessdate=2008-08-28|url=http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A110136b.htm]
The colours purple and gold were first chosen when the school was established in 1866. In 1875, they were changed to light blue and white (after
Cambridge Universityand University of Melbourne) [Lemon, p. 54 ] , but reverted to purple and gold in 1902. Lawrence Adamsonis generally regarded as the single most important figure in the school's history.Lemon, p. 121] Adamson was Headmaster from 1902 to 1932 after beginning his teaching career there in 1887. His influence on Wesley survived well into the latter part of the 20th century from staff who were either appointed or were students during his tenure. A recent history of the school defined his contribution as giving Wesley "prosperity, direction and reputation". [Lemon, p. 127] He personally contributed thousands of pounds of his personal fortune to the school. Adamson was considered less effective in his last decade as headmaster, with the centenary history published in 1967 [Blainey p. 150] providing the first overt criticism of him.
The St Kilda Road campus was substantially rebuilt and expanded between 1933 and 1939 following a bequest from philanthropists Alfred and George Nicholas. [cite web|publisher=Australian Dictionary of Biography|url=http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A110693b.htm|title=Alfred and George Nicholas|accessdate=2008-09-05] The gift of around £200,000 ($16 billion in 2008) [cite web|publisher=Reserve Bank of Australia|title=Inflation calculator|url=http://www.rba.gov.au/calculator/calc.go] funded twin double-storey buildings, science laboratories, a Junior School building, swimming pool, gymnasium, chapel and other facilities. [Lemon, pp. 247–248] In 1942 the Australian Government requisitioned the school's campus for the Australian Army, [Lemon, pp. 281–283] resulting in Wesley being accommodated at Scotch College from 1942 to 1943. Headmaster Neil MacNeil's plans for Wesley to expand by taking over Box Hill Grammar School (now
Kingswood College) did not progress after his death in office in 1946. [Lemon, pp. 288–289]
Thomas Coates (1957–1971) and David Prest (1972–1991) were long-serving headmasters during a period of substantial change, particularly during Prest's tenure. The school purchased land at Syndal in 1955, and for the next few years considered selling the St Kilda Rd campus to fund building at its new location. [Lemon, pp. 364 –367] However, by 1959 it had decided to retain its St Kilda Road location, move the Junior School and establish playing fields at Syndal. Following a period of fund-raising, the new campus (renamed Glen Waverley campus in 1978) opened in 1966. [cite web|publisher=Monash City Council|title=Detailed History: Education and Community Facilities|accessdate=2008-08-28|url=http://www.monash.vic.gov.au/city/history/section-c-5.htm]
The school opened enrolment to girls in 1978. Boarding was discontinued in 1980, in order to accommodate more students at St Kilda Road. Wesley first approached Cato College, Elsternwick in the late 1970s regarding amalgamation. Struggling financially, Cato agreed to this in 1986, with integration into Wesley completed by 1989. [Lemon, pp. 517–520] In November 1989, a fire substantially damaged the St Kilda Road campus. Significant archival material was lost with the virtual destruction of the school library. The damaged areas were rebuilt by 1991. [Lemon, pp. 527–537]
Historian Andrew Lemon characterised Glen McArthur's tenure as headmaster (1992–1996) as leaving a sense of "unease". [Lemon, p. 542] With the two larger campuses becoming more autonomous and competitive, McArthur was encouraged by the school council to engender a greater sense of a single school, but in doing so he challenged the positions of both campus heads, who left during his tenure. [Lemon, pp. 558–560] Ill-health affected McArthur's incumbency, and he died in 1998. David Loader became principal of Wesley in 1997 after 18 years as head of
Methodist Ladies' College, Melbourneand brought to fruition the country-based year 9 learning campus at Clunes in 2000.Citation | last1 = Lloyd| first1 = Doug | last2 = Downey| first2 = Tamara | last3 = McDonough| first3 = Sharon | contribution = Learning and Identity: The Intersection of Micro and Macro Processes in Identity Formation for Students and the Community in a Small Rural Town--The Wesley Experience | title = Annual Conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education (Fremantle, Australia, December 2-6, 2001)| publisher = AARE|date = 2001-12-02| year = 2001| contribution-url = http://eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1a/b2/87.pdf] Former Glen Waverley campus head Helen Drennen became Wesley College's first female principal in June 2003. [cite web|publisher=The Age, Melbourne|date=2002-11-10|accessdate=2008-08-27|title=Woman breaks mould to head Wesley College|url=http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2002/11/09/1036308527617.html]
Headmasters and Principals
Established in 1866, the St Kilda Rd campus has approximately 1,480 students from kindergarten through to Year 12. The Glen Waverley campus, established in 1966, and comprising of convert|59|ha|acre|0, has approximately 1,420 students from kindergarten through to Year 12. The Elsternwick campus (formerly
Methodist Ladies' Collegeand Cato College) has approximately 600 students from kindergarten through to Year 9. The Collins Street campus (established 1991) caters for the College's city curriculum project.
The Clunes residential campus was established in 1999. Year 9 students spend eight weeks living with other Wesley students in a village. Students are responsible for cooking, cleaning, shopping, washing and undertake activities including voluntary work, art and craft, drama and music.
Wesley's convert|300|acre|ha|0 outdoor education camp at Chum Creek near Healesville dates to the 1950s and is the oldest compulsory school camp in Victoria. The original convert|200|acre|ha|0 site was donated in 1952 by Alfred Wall, a parent whose family still owns land adjacent to the camp. The remaining convert|100|acre|ha|0 was purchased in late 1999. Camp Mallana is located on convert|5|ha|acre|0 on the
Banksia Peninsula, between Bairnsdale and Paynesville, with frontage to Lake Victoria and the Duck Arm shoreline. Camp Lochend, purchased in 1988, is located on convert|80|ha|acre|0 near Portland in a setting of freshwater lakes, sand dunes and surf.
Wesley was one of six founding members of the Associated Public Schools (APS). Lawrence Adamson's tenure as headmaster sparked Wesley's most successful period in APS competition. Between 1901 and 1915, the College captured multiple premierships (first team titles) - rowing (12), football (9), athletics (4) and one for cricket. Since then, notable achievements have been consecutive football premierships between 1959 and 1962, with similar success in cricket between 1933 and 1936, and five cricket titles in six years between 1949 and 1954. Success has largely eluded Wesley in athletics, with only one title since 1911, while the last boys rowing title was in 1972.cite web|publisher=APS Sport|title=APS Boys Premierships|url=http://www.apssport.org.au/fileadmin/user_upload/Premierships-Records/Premierships_-_Boys_APS_2008_01.pdf] Wesley has enjoyed greater success in girls sport, particularly in
netball, softballand cross country, with over 30 premierships since 1981. Since 2000, Wesley girls have competed against schools from the Associated Grammar Schools of Victoriain addition to APS schools.cite web|publisher=APS Sport|title=APS & AGSV/APS Girls Premierships|url=http://www.apssport.org.au/fileadmin/user_upload/Premierships-Records/Premierships_-_Girls_APS___AGSV_2008.pdf] Wesley has over 120 teams competing in 19 sports from Year 7 to Year 12 level. Sport is compulsory at varying levels for student in Years 7 to 12. [cite web|publisher=Wesley College|title=A Brief History of Wesley College Sport|url=http://www.wesleycollege.net/resources/WesleySport.pdf]
The St Kilda Road and Glen Waverley campuses have separate student theatre companies. Theatrical productions at the St Kilda Road campus have been performed by the Adamson Theatre Company since 1988, named after its performance venue. [cite web|publisher=Theatre Australia|title=Adamson Theatre Company|url=http://www.theatre.asn.au/company/adamson_theatre_company|accessdate=2008-08-27] Wesley Student Theatre at Glen Waverley Campus has performed in
New Zealand, Hong Kong, Thailand, Japan, Canada, America, England, Ireland, France, Italyand Germanysince 1987. [cite web|publisher=APAC Theatre|title=Director biography|accessdate=2008-08-28|url=http://www.senri.ed.jp/APACtheatre/dir_bio.htm]
Of note among the sporting facilities across Wesley's three campuses are its rowing development centresWesley College Record Book, Maps, Brochures, Welcome Packs and Other Publications] at its Glen Waverley and St Kilda Road campuses and at each external rowing and boating facility. The rowing development centres applies state-of-the-art technology to monitor athletes who row in a stationary boat located in an in-ground pool. Wesley College and the
City of Port Phillipare joint owners of the Albert Park Tennis and Hockey Centre, [cite web|title=Albert Park Tennis Centre|url=http://www.albertparktennis.com.au/|accessdate=2008-08-21] a facility used by a number of schools, community groups and the general public.
The College’s performing arts facilities include keyboard computer music laboratories,
musicrooms, private music lesson rooms, orchestrarooms, theatresfor music, dance and drama, drama and communication studies rooms, performing artsstudios, dancestudios, recording studiosand other recital rooms. Notable facilities of Wesley College include Adamson Hall at the St Kilda Road campus (capacity 500), Cato Hall at Glen Waverley campus (700) and Fitchett Hall at Elsternwick (350)cite web|url=http://www.wesleycollege.net/ccFacilities.cfm|publisher=Wesley College|title=Facilities|date=January 2008] .
In 2008 the redevelopment of the Coates Pavilion at the Glen Waverley Campus begancite web|url=http://www.wesleycollege.net/foundation.cfm|title=The Wesley College Foundation|publisher=Wesley College|date=January 2008] and will provide improved changing facilities, new function and sports viewing area from a second level, a sports museum, sports equipment storage area, umpire offices, scoreboards, cafeteria, uniform shop, offices and conference facilities. Its construction will embody the school's new sustainability guidelines.
Regarding "technology", Wesley was one of the first Australian schools to integrate
laptopcomputers into its curriculum [Wesley College: "Wesley College Technology 2008", pp. 3–4, Wesley College, 2008.] and according to its network provider, it operates Australia’s largest school notebook PC program.cite web|publisher=Cisco Systems|title=Case study - Wesley College|accessdate=2008-07-21|url=http://www.cisco.com/web/ANZ/assets/docs/Wesley_college.pdf] Wesley's IT infrastructure includes over 4,000 notebook, 1,000 desktop computersand 850 network printers. [Wesley College: "Wesley College Technology 2008", pp. 3–4, Wesley College, 2008.] In 2005 wireless internetwas launched college-wide. From 2007 Wesley introduced tablet styled notebook computers and was the first educational institution in Australia to do so. [Wesley College: "Wesley College Technology 2008", p. 5, Wesley College, 2008.] Across 2008, Wesley College is introducing interactive whiteboards, roof mounted projectorsand automated screens and soundsystems across all of its rooms.Principal’s Quaterley Letter to the Wesley College Community, Septermber 2008] The new interactive whiteboardsare all custom designed for the College so that any notes written by the teacher may be emailed to students or printed to nearby printers directly off the whiteboards. The College has also started a new phasing out program, which will gradually phase out and replace older and more bulky styled televisionswith modern plasma screen televisions.
In 2008, "green" guidelines were set for staff and students. At Glen Waverley, a desalination plant with four 260,000 litre tanks was installed in 2008 to treat water sourced from a bore originally installed in 1996. [cite web|publisher=Melbourne Herald-Sun|date=2008-02-27|accessdate=2008-08-27| title=Schools splash out on grounds|url=http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,23282102-2862,00.html] It is planned to recycle storm water and run-off irrigation water via storage in 15 additional 110,000 litre tanks to be installed by the end of June 2008. [cite web|publisher=City of Monash|title=Council report - 618-688 High Street Road, Glen Waverley|url=http://www.monash.vic.gov.au/reports/pdftext/cp01apr08/5.2.pdf|date=2008-05-25|accessdate=2008-08-27] The Glen Waverley campus has 22 worm farms to recycle food scraps.Wesley College Glen Waverley Campus Newsletter, 2008 - Issue: 2 (February 15, 2008)] At the St Kilda Road campus, a joint venture with the College's neighbour Deaf Children Australia is in place to drill a bore and two 55,000 litre tanks are to be installed. At the Elsternwick campus, an artificial turf surface will be installed on the ovals. In maintaining with the College's environmental commitment, the lawn will be an carbon neutral project with additional landscaping to be undertaken around the perimeter to maximize rain catchment. As a result of a successful trial last year using bio-diesel in some of the College's buses, bio-diesel is being implemented for all suitable vehicles across the College.Wesley College Glen Waverley Campus Newsletter, 2008 - Issue: 14] The College's electricity is now supplied from 25% green power sources.
In 2007 the Glen Waverley Junior School became the first independent school in Australia to receive a five-star energy rating from the Australian Government Sustainable Schools Program and by 2008 all campuses had received five-star energy ratings. [citation |url=http://www.wesleycollege.net/resources/issue_101.pdf|publisher=Wesley College|journal=Lion Magazine|pages=pp 3–7|title=Our Environment|date=August 2007] Sustainability is now part of the College curriculum. In December 2007, Wesley was recognised by Yarra Valley Water in its advertising material for its sustainable water usage, its major water management policy and for reducing its water consumption by 68%. [cite web |url=http://www.wesleycollege.net/resources/issue_101.pdf|publisher=Wesley College|journal=Lion Magazine|pages=pp 3-7|title=Our Environment|date=August 2007] clear
Wesley College Institute for Innovation in Education
The Wesley College Institute for Innovation in Education was launched in 2005 “to build ideas for education”. The stated vision for the Institute is to "gather the best minds, encourage the best talent, promote the best research and explore the best ideas to further the cause of education and to lead to the best possible outcomes for teaching and learning". [cite web|publisher=Wesley College|url=http://www.wesleycollege.net/resources/AnnualReport2005.pdf|title=Annual Report 2005|accessdate=2008-08-28] Since 2007, the Wesley College Institute has been working with the
Australian Council for Educational Researchand the Australian Government's Education Department to develop the " Australian Certificate of Education- Vocational". To this end, a pilot vocational program is being considered within the cattle industry in northern Western Australia, as part of the partnership Wesley has with the community at Fitzroy River (Western Australia). [cite web|publisher=The Age, Melbourne|date=2005-11-17|accessdate=2008-08-20|title=One language for 'children of different colours'|url=http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/one-language-for-children-of-different-colours/2005/11/16/1132016861347.html?oneclick=true] It is also planned for this project to be considered within the context of the international career-related education framework of the International Baccalaureate Organisation. [cite web|publisher=Wesley College, Melbourne|title=Wesley College Institute News, edition 1|date=June 2007|url=http://www.wesleycollege.net/v3/app2/files/instituteNewsJune071.pdf]
For a list of notable Old Wesley Collegians, see "
List of alumni of Wesley College, Melbourne".
List of largest Victorian Schools
Notes and references
* "Adamson of Wesley: the story of a Great Headmaster" Lawrence Arthur Adamson & Felix Meyer (1932) Robertson & Mullens BRN 155
* "Wesley College - The First Hundred Years" Geoffrey Blainey, James Morrisey and S.E.K. Hulme (1967) Robertson & Mullens
* "A Great Australian School: Wesley College Examined" Andrew Lemon (2004) Helicon Press ISBN 0-9586785-8-8
* "Wesley College Chronicle 2007" Wesley College Community (2007) Wesley College, Melbourne ISBN 0-5228532-5-4
* "Lion Magazine August 2007 Edition" Wesley College Community (2007) Wesley College, Melbourne
* "Cisco Systems Case study - Wesley College" Cisco Systems (2007) Cisco Systems Australia Pty. Ltd.
* "Wesley College Technology 2008" Wesley College, Melbourne (2008) Wesley College, Melbourne
* [http://www.wesleycollege.net/ Wesley College, Melbourne Website]
* [http://www.owca.net/ Old Wesley Collegians Website]
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