Resource intensity

Resource intensity

Resource intensity is a measure of the resources (e.g. water, energy, materials) needed for the production, processing and disposal of a unit of good or service, or for the completion of a process or activity; it is therefore a measure of the efficiency of resource use. It is often expressed as the quantity of resource embodied in unit cost e.g. litres of water per $1 spent on product. In national economic and sustainability accounting it can be calculated as units of resource expended per unit of GDP. Relatively high resource intensities indicate a high price or environmental cost of converting resource into GDP; low resource intensity indicates a lower price or environmental cost of converting resource into GDP. [Lorentzen, J. (ed) 2008. "Resource intensity, knowledge and development: insights from Africa and South America." HSRC Press, South Africa. ISBN 100-7969-2213-6 ISBN 13978-07969-2213-7]

ee also

* energy intensity
* sustainability accounting
* sustainability
* resource productivity


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