Al-Hafiz


Al-Hafiz

Al-Ḥāfiz ( _ar. الحافظ ) (died 1149) was the eleventh Caliph of the Fāṭimids (r. 1130–1149)

Al-Ḥāfiz assumed the caliphate as the cousin of the murdered Al-Amir (1101-1130). Since al-Amīr had left no son behind the succession of al-Ḥāfiz was not uncontested - a group of Shī‘ah recognised al-Amīr's son Ṭayyib Abī al-Qāṣim as rightful heir, leading to a new schism.

Under al-Ḥāfiz, Fāṭimid power was confined to Egypt, and even there it was not unchallenged. There were constant power struggles between ministers, governors and generals, hampering the ability of the empire to resist the expansion of the Crusader states.


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