Immortal Six Hundred


Immortal Six Hundred

The Immortal Six Hundred were a group of 520 captured Confederate Army officers during the American Civil War that were taken by the Union Army in 1864 to Morris Island, South Carolina and used as human shields for 45 days in an attempt to silence the Confederate gunners manning Fort Sumter, by order of United States Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, upon word that 600 Union officer prisoners of war were being similarly used by the Confederate Army as shields against federal artillery in the city of Charleston in an attempt to stop Union artillery from firing upon civilians in the city.

Three died from subsistence on starvation rations issued as retaliation for the conditions found by the Union at Andersonville, Georgia and Salisbury, North Carolina prisons. [http://www.nps.gov/fopu/parknews/immortal-600-living-history-event.htm] ]

Upon an outbreak of yellow fever in Charleston, the Union officers were removed from the city limits, and the Union army then transferred the Immortal Six Hundred to Fort Pulaski. [ cite web | url = http://www.nps.gov/fopu/historyculture/the-immortal-six-hundred.htm | title = The Immortal Six Hundred | publisher = National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior | accessdate=2008-07-16 ]

There they were crowded into the fort’s cold, damp casemates. For 42 days, a "retaliation ration" of 10 ounces of moldy cornmeal and half a pint of soured onion pickles was the only food issued to the prisoners. Thirteen men died there.

At Fort Pulaski, the prisoners organized "The Relief Association of Fort Pulaski for Aid and Relief of the Sick and Less Fortunate Prisoners" on December 13, 1864. Col. Abram Fulkerson of the 63rd Tennessee Infantry Regiment was elected president. Out of their sparse funds, the prisoners collected and expended eleven dollars, according to a report filed by Fulkerson on December 28, 1864.

Five later died at Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. The remaining prisoners were returned to Fort Delaware on March 12, 1865, where an additional twenty-five died. [http://www.nps.gov/fopu/parknews/immortal-600-living-history-event.htm] ]

The prisoners became known throughout the South for their adherence to principle for refusing to take the Oath of Allegiance under adverse circumstances. [http://www.nps.gov/fopu/parknews/immortal-600-living-history-event.htm] ]

References

External references

* Confederate Veteran Magazine, July 1909, Page 68


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manji (Blade of the Immortal) — Manji is the protagonist of the Japanese manga series Blade of the Immortal. In the story, he s known infamously both as the Hundred Man Killer, for the number of men he s killed by the beginning of the series, and Mister Twelve Blades for the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Blade of the Immortal episodes — This is a list of episodes of the nihongo| Blade of the Immortal |無限の住人|Mugen no Jūnin|lit. The Inhabitant of Infinity anime. The episodes are directed by Koichi Mashimo and produced by Bee Train, Production I.G, and Pony Canyon.cite web|url=http …   Wikipedia

  • The Mortal Immortal — Mary Shelley, painted by Richard Rothwell, 1839 40 The Mortal Immortal is a short story from 1833 written by Mary Shelley. It tells the story of a man who becomes immortal which, at first glance appears to work in his favour promising him eternal …   Wikipedia

  • Abram Fulkerson — (May 13, 1834 ndash; December 17, 1902) was a Virginia lawyer and politician. He served in the Virginia House of Delegates, as well as the U.S. House of Representatives. Family, Early Life, and the Civil WarFulkerson was born on May 13, 1834 in… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Frederick Crisp — 37th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives In office December 8, 1891 – March 4, 1895 President Benjamin Harrison Grover Cleveland …   Wikipedia

  • Andersonville National Historic Site — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district …   Wikipedia

  • Fort Pulaski National Monument — Fort Pulaski National Monument …   Wikipedia

  • Morris Island — For other uses, see Morris Island (disambiguation). Morris Island Lighthouse Morris Island is an 840 acre (3.4 km²) uninhabited island in Charleston Harbor in South Carolina, accessible only by boat. The island lies in the outer reaches of… …   Wikipedia

  • Morris Island — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Morris Island Morris Island Light Leuchtturm auf Morris Island Gewässer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lamar Fontaine — (* 10. Oktober 1841 in Washington County (Texas); † 1. Oktober 1921 in Clarksdale (Mississippi)) war ein US amerikanischer Soldat im Sezessionskrieg und Schriftsteller. Der Sohn eines Geistlichen wurde von seinem Vater nach Mirabeau Lamar benannt …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.