- Saint Mary, Jersey
Saint Mary (
Jèrriais: Sainte Mathie) is one of the twelve parishes of Jerseyin the Channel Islands. It is situated in the north west and covers an area of 3,604 vergées (6.5 km²).
It borders four other parishes: Saint Ouen, Saint John, Saint Peter and Saint Lawrence. The parish and its eponymous church derive their name from a mediaeval monastery, probably destroyed during Viking raids some time between the 8th and 10th centuries. In 1042 Duke William gave "Saint Mary of the Burnt Monastery" to the abbey of
Among the natural attractions of the parish is a feature known as the Devil's Hole [http://www.nationaltrustjersey.org.je/coast/ab_points_C.html National Trust - Devil's Hole] (Lé Creux du Vis), a blowhole in the cliffs of the coast. The descent into the Devil's Hole used to be accessible to visitors and was a lucrative tourist attractionFact|date=September 2007, but it has been closed off for decades. Following a shipwreck in 1851, when the ship's
figureheadwashed up in the Devil's Hole, a statue of a deviladapted from the figurehead was set up above the Hole [ [http://www.societe-jersiaise.org/artphoto/giffard.html "Turnkey" Giffard and the Devil] ] . This wooden statue was replaced by a succession of modern versions in the 20th century.
Mourier Valley runs down the boundary between Saint Mary and Saint John. The stream formerly powered a number of mills despite the scant population of the area.
Crabbé is the location for pistol shooting.
La Grève de Lecq lies on the border between Saint Mary and Saint Ouen. On the east side of the bay, in Saint Mary, lies Le Castel de Lecq, a mediaeval earthwork. In the bay Le Moulin de Lecq, an old watermill, was converted into a residence in 1929 and following the Second World War became a pub, while retaining the wheel and remnants of the gears.
The parish stands upon course-grained
granite, 'of Saint Mary's type', which formed during the lower Palaeozoicperiod. This granite was formerly quarried for building. [Institute of Geological Sciences, Jersey. (Channel Islands Sheet 2) 'Solid and Drift', by D.H. Keen and A.C. Bishop. Published 1982, G.M. Brown, Director, Institute of Geological Sciences.]
Saint Mary is twinned with
Longues-sur-Mer, a commune of the départementof Calvados, in the Basse-Normandie régionof France.
The parish is divided into
vingtaines for administrative purposes as follows:
Vingtaine du Sud
Vingtaine du Nord
The parish forms one electoral district and elects one Deputy, currently Juliette Gallichan.
St. Mary has the smallest population of all the parishes in Jersey, having only 1,591 residents in 2001.
Gilbert O'Sullivanresides in Saint Mary with his wife Aase and their two children.
*"Historic Jersey", W.S. Ashworth, Jersey 1993 (no ISBN)
* [http://www.societe-jersiaise.org/geraint/jerriais/ste_mathie.html Ste Mathie]
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