- Panyjima language
Panyjima is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken in the
Hamersley Range, in the Pilbararegion of Western Australia. It is the traditional language of the Panyjima people. The name has also been spelled Bandjima, Banjima, Banyjima, Paanjima, Pandjima, Panjima, Panjtjima, and Panytyima.
Like most indigenous languages, Panyjima is endangered. Younger generations have English as a first language and make little distinction between Panyjima and its closely related neighbouring languages.
Panyjima is classified as a member of the Ngayarta or Ngayarda subgroup of the
South-West Pama-Nyungan languages. Under Carl Georg von Brandenstein's 1967classification, Martuthunira was classed as an Inland Ngayarda language, but the separation of the Ngayarda languages into Coastal and Inland groups is no longer considered valid.clade | style=font-size:75%;line-height:75%
The long vowels are rare.
Unlike most Australian languages, which exhibit
ergativity, Panyjima and the other Ngayarta languageshave an accusative alignment. That is, the subjects of transitive verbs are treated the same as the subjects of intransitive verbs, while the objects are treated differently.
*cite book |last=Dench |first=Alan |year=1991 |chapter=Panyjima |editor=R.M.W. Dixon and Barry J. Blake |title=The Handbook of Australian Languages, Volume 4 |pages=125–244 |location=Melbourne |publisher=Oxford University Press Australia |isbn=0-19-553097-7
* [http://coombs.anu.edu.au/WWWVLPages/AborigPages/LANG/WA/4_4_1.htm Handbook of Western Australian Languages South of the Kimberley Region — Banyjima]
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Panyjima — /ˈpʌndʒəmə/ (say punjuhmuh) noun 1. an Australian Aboriginal people of the Pilbara region of WA. 2. the language of this people. –adjective 3. of or relating to this people or their language. Also, Banjima … Australian English dictionary
Martuthunira language — Martuthunira Spoken in Western Australia Extinct 6 August 1995 with the death of Algy Paterson. Language family Pama–Nyungan Southwest … Wikipedia
Ngarla language — Ngarla is a Pama–Nyungan language of Western Australia. Ngarla Spoken in Port Hedland area of Western Australia Native speakers 4 (2010) Language family Pama–Nyungan … Wikipedia
Jurruru language — Jurruru Spoken in Pilbara, Western Australia Extinct 2 speakers left in 1967. No speakers by 1986. Language family Pama–Nyungan … Wikipedia
Yinjibarndi language — Yinjibarndi is a Pama Nyungan language of Western Australia.Yinjibarndi is mutually intelligible with Kurrama, but the two are considered distinct languages by their speakers.ClassificationYindjibarndi is classified as a member of the Ngayarta or … Wikipedia
Ngayarda languages — Ngayarda Geographic distribution: Western Australia Linguistic classification: Pama–Nyungan Southwest Nyungic Ngayarda … Wikipedia
Martuthunira — Parlée en Australie Région Australie occidentale Nombre de locuteurs 5 (en 1981) … Wikipédia en Français
nuba — /ˈnjʊbə/ (say nyoobuh) noun 1. (in the Aboriginal kinship system of central WA) a. a spouse; husband or wife. b. the person to whom a man or woman is promised. 2. Aboriginal English (in some parts of WA) one s boyfriend or girlfriend: Is she your … Australian English dictionary