Panyjima language


Panyjima language

language
name=Banyjima
familycolor=Australian
states=Australia
region=Pilbara region of Western Australia.
speakers=50 (as of|1991|lc=on)
fam2=Pama-Nyungan
fam3=Southwest
fam4=Ngayarda
iso2=aus|iso3=pnw

Panyjima is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken in the Hamersley Range, in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. It is the traditional language of the Panyjima people. The name has also been spelled Bandjima, Banjima, Banyjima, Paanjima, Pandjima, Panjima, Panjtjima, and Panytyima.

Like most indigenous languages, Panyjima is endangered. Younger generations have English as a first language and make little distinction between Panyjima and its closely related neighbouring languages.

Classification

Panyjima is classified as a member of the Ngayarta or Ngayarda subgroup of the South-West Pama-Nyungan languages. Under Carl Georg von Brandenstein's 1967 classification, Martuthunira was classed as an Inland Ngayarda language, but the separation of the Ngayarda languages into Coastal and Inland groups is no longer considered valid.clade | style=font-size:75%;line-height:75%
label1=South-West Pama-Nyungan
1=clade
label1=Ngayarta
1=clade
1=Palyku
2=Panyjima
3=Ngarla
4=Nyamal
5=Jurruru
6=Yinhawangka
7=Ngarluma
8=Kariyarra
9=Martuthunira
10=Nhuwala
11=Yindjibarndi
12=Kurrama

2=Kanyara languages
3=Mantharta languages
4=Kartu languages
5=Nyunga languages
6=Mirniny languages
7=Wati languages
8=Marrngu languages
9=Ngumpin languages
10=Nannga languages
11=Yura languages

Phonology

Consonants

Vowels

The long vowels are rare.

Grammar

Accusative alignment

Unlike most Australian languages, which exhibit ergativity, Panyjima and the other Ngayarta languages have an accusative alignment. That is, the subjects of transitive verbs are treated the same as the subjects of intransitive verbs, while the objects are treated differently.

References

*cite book |last=Dench |first=Alan |year=1991 |chapter=Panyjima |editor=R.M.W. Dixon and Barry J. Blake |title=The Handbook of Australian Languages, Volume 4 |pages=125–244 |location=Melbourne |publisher=Oxford University Press Australia |isbn=0-19-553097-7

External links

* [http://coombs.anu.edu.au/WWWVLPages/AborigPages/LANG/WA/4_4_1.htm Handbook of Western Australian Languages South of the Kimberley Region — Banyjima]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Martuthunira language — Martuthunira Spoken in Western Australia Extinct 6 August 1995 with the death of Algy Paterson. Language family Pama–Nyungan Southwest …   Wikipedia

  • Ngarla language — Ngarla is a Pama–Nyungan language of Western Australia. Ngarla Spoken in Port Hedland area of Western Australia Native speakers 4  (2010)[1] Language family Pama–Nyungan …   Wikipedia

  • Jurruru language — Jurruru Spoken in Pilbara, Western Australia Extinct 2 speakers left in 1967. No speakers by 1986.[1] Language family Pama–Nyungan …   Wikipedia

  • Yinjibarndi language — Yinjibarndi is a Pama Nyungan language of Western Australia.Yinjibarndi is mutually intelligible with Kurrama, but the two are considered distinct languages by their speakers.ClassificationYindjibarndi is classified as a member of the Ngayarta or …   Wikipedia

  • Ngayarda languages — Ngayarda Geographic distribution: Western Australia Linguistic classification: Pama–Nyungan Southwest Nyungic Ngayarda …   Wikipedia

  • Martuthunira — Parlée en  Australie Région Australie occidentale Nombre de locuteurs 5 (en 1981)[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • nuba — /ˈnjʊbə/ (say nyoobuh) noun 1. (in the Aboriginal kinship system of central WA) a. a spouse; husband or wife. b. the person to whom a man or woman is promised. 2. Aboriginal English (in some parts of WA) one s boyfriend or girlfriend: Is she your …   Australian English dictionary