- Progress Party (Australia)
The Progress Party was a minor
Australian political party in the mid-to-late 1970s. Initially known as the Workers' Party, it was formed on Australia Day1975 as a free market libertarianand anti- socialistparty by businessmen John Singleton and Sinclair Hill, in reaction to the economic policies of Labor prime minister Gough Whitlam. [cite web|url=http://www.cis.org.au/policy/summer01-02/PolicySummer01_4.html|title=CIS at Twenty-Five - Frank Devine talks to Greg Lindsay|publisher=Centre for Independent Studies|year=2001|month=December|accessdate=2008-07-16] It operated and ran candidates in Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queenslandand New South Wales, but did not have a central federal structure and its Western Australian affiliate, which additionally advocated secession from the rest of Australia, [cite book|title=Platform & policy and constitution|author=Westralian Progress Party|year=1977 Accessed at Battye Library, Perth.] cite book|last=Sawer|first=Marian|title=Australia and the New Right|publisher=George Allen & Unwin|year=1982|isbn=0-868-61188-3|pages=5-7] did particularly well in the area surrounding Geraldton in the State's Mid West. However the party failed to win seats at any level of government, and passed out of existence by 1981.
The party's first electoral contest was the Greenough state by-election which took place upon the retirement from politics of former Premier
David Brand. The candidate, Geoffrey McNeil, surprised most observers by attaining 12.96% of valid votes cast (only 0.66% less than the Labor candidate). [cite journal |last= Penrose |first= Sandra |year= 1976 |month= April |title= Australian Political Chronicle: July-December 1975 |journal= Australian Journal of Politics and History |volume= 22 |issue= 1 |pages= 112 |issn=0004-9522] [cite book|title=Election statistics : Legislative Assembly of Western Australia, 1890-1996|last=Black|first=David|coauthors=Prescott, Valerie|year=1997|publisher=Western Australian Parliamentary History Project|isbn=0-730-98409-5|page=133] Buoyed by their success, the Workers' Party ran three House and five Senate candidates at the 1975 election for Western Australia. [Penrose, p.114.] Subsequently to this, the New South Wales party ran for 1976 by-elections in the seats of Pittwater and The Hills. [cite web|url=http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/2069390|title= Records of the Workers Party (Australia), 1975-1981 (manuscript)|author= National Library of Australia|accessdate=2008-07-16]
The party was renamed the Progress Party after objections to the name and constitution, and the "Westralian Progress Party" published its platform in 1977 ahead of the February state election, where it contested the seats of Greenough (16.81%), Geraldton (5.12%), Kalgoorlie (6.43%), Mundaring (3.95%) and Yilgarn-Dundas (3.63%). At the August 1977 Northern Territory assembly elections, the party picked up a territory-wide vote of 9.76%.
The defection of Tangney Liberal MHR Peter Richardson to the party in the final months of his term provided a morale boost, and at the 1977 federal election, Richardson attempted to transfer to the Senate, while the Progress Party contested every Western Australian seat in the
Australian House of Representatives. However, the party only managed to collect 2.83% of the State vote and Tangney returned to the Liberal Party.
It went on to contest the 1980 state election, but with a significantly lower degree of success. [cite web
title = Political parties
work = Australian Government and Politics Database
University of Western Australia
url = http://elections.uwa.edu.au/partysearch3.lasso
accessdate = 2008-07-16 ] The party is believed to have disbanded after this time, but was credited by academic Marian Sawer for attracting publicity for
neo-liberal, economic rationalist ideals.
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