Solresol

Solresol

Solresol is an artificial language devised by François Sudre, beginning in 1827. He published his major book on it, "Langue musicale universelle", in 1866, though he had already been publicizing it for some years. Solresol enjoyed a brief spell of popularity, reaching its pinnacle with Boleslas Gajewski's 1902 posthumous publication of "Grammaire du Solresol".

Vocabulary

Solresol words are made up of only seven different "syllables". These syllables can be represented in a number of different ways — as musical notes of different pitch, as spoken syllables (based on solfege, a way of identifying musical notes), with colours, symbols, hand gestures etc. Thus, theoretically Solresol communication can be done through speaking, singing, flags of different color — even painting.

As in Ro, the longer words are divided into categories of meaning, based on their first syllable, or note. Words beginning with 'sol' have meanings related to arts and sciences, or, if they begin with 'solsol', sickness and medicine (e.g., solresol, "language"; solsolredo, "migraine"). (Like other constructed languages with a priori vocabulary, Solresol faces considerable problems in categorizing the real world around it sensibly. For example, it's difficult to discriminate in an a priori manner between "apple" and "pear", or between "Monday" and "Tuesday.")

A unique feature of Solresol is that meanings are negated by reversing the syllables in words. For instance fala means good or tasty, and lafa means bad. It is unclear how this interacts with the way words are categorized by their first note.

The following table shows the words of up to two syllables:

* Feminine versions are formed by stressing the last syllable.

Additional features

Additional features of Solresol include:
* highly impartial (equally easy or difficult for everyone, like other "a priori" constructed languages)
* integrated systems (signs, colors, etc.) for most different handicapped people, immediately operative without special learning)
* gives fast learning success to illiterate people (only 7 syllables or signs or 10 letters to know and to recognise)
* it presents no pronunciation difficulties
* very simple but effective system to differentiate the function of the words in the sentences

The teaching of sign languages to the deaf mute was forbidden between 1880 and 1991 in France, contributing to Solresol's descent into obscurity. In any case, Solresol does not perform well as a sign language,Fact|date=February 2007 since the signed form is more similar to spelling words by hand (sign languages naturally develop to take advantage of the greater range of 'phonemes' available, there being thousands of possible simultaneous combinations of hand form, location, orientation and movement).

After a few years of popularity, it faded into obscurity in the face of more successful languages such as Volapük and Esperanto. Despite this, there is still a small community of Solresol enthusiasts scattered across the world, better able to communicate with one another through the electronic medium of the Internet than they might have in days past.

A more recent constructed language based on musical tones is Eaiea, created by Bruce Koestner, which uses the entire 12-step western chromatic scale.

References

* Umberto Eco. "The Search for the Perfect Language". 1993. ISBN 0-631-20510-1

See also

* Solfege
* Musical language
* Voyage to Faremido
* Sarus (language)

External links

* [http://www.langmaker.com/outpost/solresol.htm Langmaker.com about Solresol]
* [http://www.uniovi.es/solresol/ html-version of the text of the book of François Sudre] edition from 1866, Gajewski's "Grammar of Solresol", edition 1902, translated in different languages, dictionary of Solresol with more than 13.000 French equivalents in a MySQL data base, and different other texts on artificial languages (Esperanto from 1897, Ido from 1908, Occidental from 1930, and soon, Universalglot, Jean Pirro, from 1868)
* [http://www.omniglot.com/writing/solresol.htm Omniglot on the various ways of writing Solresol]
* [http://www.kirchersociety.org/blog/?p=625 The Athanasius Kircher Society's blog entry on Solresol]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Solresol — Projektautor François Sudre Jahr der Veröffentlichung ab 1817 Linguistische Klassifikation Konstruierte Sprache Plansprache Internationale Plansprache Solresol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Solrésol — Solresol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Solresol — es una lengua artificial diseñado por el francés Jean François Sudre a partir de 1817. El solresol consiguió una breve popularidad, alcanzando su máximo con la publicación de Boleslas Gajewski Grammaire du Solrésol en 1902. Está basado en notas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Solresol — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor principal del artículo en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Solresol — Le solre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Solresol — noun an artificial language • Hypernyms: ↑artificial language …   Useful english dictionary

  • La Langue Musicale Universelle — Solresol Projektautor François Sudre Jahr der Veröffentlichung ab 1817 Linguistische Klassifikation Konstruierte Sprache Plansprache Internationale Plansprache Solresol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Langue Musicale Universelle — Solresol Projektautor François Sudre Jahr der Veröffentlichung ab 1817 Linguistische Klassifikation Konstruierte Sprache Plansprache Internationale Plansprache Solresol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Langue musicale universelle — Solresol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francois Sudre — Grundzeichen der Plansprache Solresol (spätere Weiterentwicklung mit Kurzschriftzeichen) Jean François Sudre (* 15. August 1787 in Albi; † 20. Oktober 1862 in Paris) war ein französischer Musiklehrer und Erfinder der musikalischen Plansprache… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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