Peter Marchant


Peter Marchant

Peter Marchant (b. at Couvin, then in the prince-bishopric of Liege, in 1585; d. at Ghent, 11 November 1661) was a Belgian Franciscan theologian, who became involved in Irish affairs.

Life

He entered the Franciscan Order in 1601, led an austere life and became a strict observer of the Franciscan Rule. He acquired a profound knowledge of scholastic philosophy and theology, and for several years taught in the schools of his order.

In 1625 he was elected definitor general of the order at the general chapter held in Rome; and in 1639 was appointed commissary general over the provinces of Germany, Belgium, Holland, Great Britain, and Ireland. His duties as commissary general brought him into contact with Irish politics during the times of the Confederation of Kilkenny. He took sides with the Ormondists and gave encouragement to their opposition to the nuncio Giovanni Battista Rinuccini.

He was called upon by the authorities of the order to justify his conduct in connection with the Irish question, and in 1661 he addressed to the general chapter then assembled in Rome his apologia under the title of "Relatio veridica et sincera status Provinciae Hiberniae", etc. This is a very rare book, never widely circulated and condemned by the general chapter; and ordered to be destroyed.

Works

Marchant was a voluminous author. His major work is "Tribunal Sacramentale" (3 vols., Ghent, 1642; Antwerp, 1672), for the use of confessors. It contains a full exposition of moral theology. He puts aside all disputed opinions, and simply states the doctrinal teaching of the Catholic Church, drawing his proofs from Holy Scripture, the decisions of councils, the constant tradition of the Church, and the writings of the saints. The treatise on probabilism is lucid and complete. Its principles are within the restrictions placed on the doctrine later on by the decrees of Alexander VII and Innocent XI; and in many points match the doctrine subsequently propounded by Daniel writing against the Lettres Provinciales.

Marchant wrote several works on the cultus of St. Joseph. His work instituted "Sanctificatio S. Joseph Sponsi Virginis in utero asserta" (Bruges, s.d.), was placed on the Index, 19 March 1633. He also wrote "Baculus Pastoralis sive Potestas Episcoporum in Regulares exemptos ab originibus suis explicata" (Bruges, 1638); "Resolutiones notabiles variorum casuum et quaestionum a multis hactenus desideratae" (Antwerp, 1655). Many of his works are on the history and legislation of the Franciscan Order.

His brother James was the author of the "Hortus Pastorum".

References

Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed (1913). "Peter Marchant". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.  The entry cites:
    • Luke Wadding-Sbaralea, Scriptores ordinis minorum (Rome, 1806);
    • Joannes a S. Antonio, Bibliotheca Universa Franciscana (Madrid, 1732);
    • J. F. Foppens, Bibliotheca Belgica (Brussels, 1739);
    • Servais Dirks, Histoire littéraire et bibliographique des Frères Mineurs en Belgique et dans les Pays (Antwerp, 1885);
    • Contemporary History of Affairs in Ireland, ed. J. T. Gilbert (Dublin, 1879–80).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peter Marchant —     Peter Marchant     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Peter Marchant     A theologian, b. at Couvin, a village in the principality of Liege, in 1585; d. at Ghent, 11 Nov., 1661. His brother James was the author of the well known work Hortus Pastorum …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Marchant, Peter — • A theologian, b. at Couvin, a village in the principality of Liege, in 1585; d. at Ghent, 11 Nov., 1661 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Peter & the Wolf — Peter the Wolf Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pierre et le Loup (homonymie). Peter the Wolf Titre original Peter the Wolf Réalisation Suzie Templeton Scénario Marianela Maldonado et Suzie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter & the wolf — Peter the Wolf Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pierre et le Loup (homonymie). Peter the Wolf Titre original Peter the Wolf Réalisation Suzie Templeton Scénario Marianela Maldonado et Suzie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter and the Test Tube Babies — Жанры панк рок Oi! Годы 1978 настоящее время Страна …   Википедия

  • Peter Hayman — (* 17. Februar 1930 in Uxbridge, Middlesex) ist ein britischer Ornithologe und Tierillustrator. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Werke (Auswahl) 2.1 als Autor …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Hayman — (born 1930 in England) is a British ornithologist and illustrator.After his education in Taunton school he studied architecture. He worked as an architect for several years in London but in 1969 he became an artist. His main interest was water… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Jackson (politician) — Peter Michael Jackson (born 14 October 1928) is a retired British Labour Party politician.At the 1966 general election, he was elected as Member of Parliament for the High Peak constituency in Derbyshire. He sat in the House of Commons for only… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Le Marchant Trust — The Peter Le Marchant Trust is a waterway society, a charitable trust and a registered charity number 273207, based in Loughborough, Leicestershire, England, UK.The Trust operates its three trip boats Symphony, Melody, and Serenade (two broad… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter and the Wolf — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pierre et le Loup (homonymie). Peter the Wolf Données clés Titre original Peter the Wolf Réalisation Suzie Templeton Scénario …   Wikipédia en Français