Arzew

Arzew
Arzew
بلدية أرزيو
—  Municipality  —
Commune of Arzew
Arzew inhabitants meet U.S. troops during Operation Torch (November 1942)

Coat of arms
Location of Arzew within Oran Province
Arzew is located in Algeria
Arzew
Location of Arzew within Algeria
Coordinates: 35°51′N 0°19′W / 35.85°N 0.317°W / 35.85; -0.317Coordinates: 35°51′N 0°19′W / 35.85°N 0.317°W / 35.85; -0.317
Country  Algeria
Province Oran
District Arzew (seat)
Government
 - PMA Seats 15
Area
 - Total 64 km2 (24.7 sq mi)
Elevation 72 m (236 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Total 91,400
 - Density 1,428.1/km2 (3,698.8/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
Postal code 31200
ONS code 3106

Arzew or Arzeu (Arabic: أرزيو) is a port city in Algeria, 22 miles (35 km) from Oran. It is the capital of Arzew District, Oran Province.

Contents

History

Antiquity

Like the rest of North Africa, the site of modern-day Arzew was originally inhabited by the Berbers. Arzew's original Berber population came mainly from the nearby town of Bethioua and from the Rif mountains in current Morocco and some semi-nomadic Hamian.

It was named Arsenaria, or Portus Magnus (Great Harbour) under the Roman Empire (the latter name is the one that can be seen in its former coat of arms). It has several Roman remains, mosaics, and artworks, which were deplaced to the museum of nearby Oran. During Roman times, Arzew's exports used to be grain and salt. The Vandals destroyed Portus Magnus in 429/430.

Since the Muslim conquests, it regained some importance, as it was noted by the geographer El Bekri, during his description of North Africa (1068) where he described the Roman ruins as Arzao, an abandoned Roman port. The Almohads refounded the port in 1162. Under the Ziyanids, the port, located near the Ziyanid Tlemcen was renamed to Marsa Ben Zian (i.e. the port of the Zian tribe).

French Algeria

U.S. Rangers train on the terrain of the 8 November 1942 assault at Arzew

In 10 July 1833, the French forces coming from Oran go further east and occupy the locality, which has then been simply called Marsa (i.e. port). After years of war (ended by the Treaty of Desmichels) Arzew became a legal possession of France, transliterated in Arabic as Arziou (Arziw) and in French as Arzowe.

King Louis-Philippe orders the creation of the settlement of Arzew Le Port in 12 August 1845, which encourages people from Europe to settle the area. It becomes a fully functional commune in 31 December 1856. It was an important war site during World War II (see Operation Torch).

During the Algerian War the city hosted one of the two SDECE French intelligence service CIPCGs ("counter-guerrilla and pacification instruction centre").[1]

Algerian republic

After the independence of Algeria in 1962, Arzew became an important port and industrial area, home to a refinery exporting LNG (liquified natural gas), as well as a fleet of small fishing boats to work the local waters.

Demography

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1901 5,600
1954 10,500 +87.5%
1966 11,500 +9.5%
1987 35,800 +211.3%
1998 56,200 +57.0%
Source: Populstat[2]

Culture

During the French colonial era, the settlers introduced a Roman Catholic celebration on August 15 -Assumption of Mary day- known as the "Procession of the Virgin" (la Procession de la Vierge)[3].

References

This article incorporates information from the revision as of January 13, 2008 of the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.*(French) Algeria - Arzew (GeneaWiki)

http://arzew.forumalgerie.net

  1. ^ Frédéric Guelton: The French Army 'Centre for Training and Preparation in Counter-Guerrilla Warfare' (CIPCG) at Arzew, Journal of Strategic Studies, vol. 22:2 (2002), pp.35-55.
  2. ^ populstat.info
  3. ^ Les Actualités Françaises (1950.08.31). "PROCESSION DE LA VIERGE DANS LES RUES ET DANS LA RADE D'ARZEW". INA. http://www.ina.fr/video/AFE02015062/procession-de-la-vierge-dans-les-rues-et-dans-la-rade-d-arzew.fr.html. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 

External links


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Arzew — ou Arziw port d Algérie, sur le golfe d Arzew, à l est d Oran; 41 020 hab. Terminus d un gazoduc venant de Hassi R Mel et d un oléoduc venant de Hassi Messaoud. Raffinerie. Usine de liquéfaction de gaz. Usine de superphosphates …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arzew — (Arsen), Flecken am Meere, in der algierischen Provinz Oran, Hafen, Getreidehandel; 500 Ew.; der in der Nähe liegende Salzsee Melah liefert dem Staatsschatz großen Gewinn. A. ward am 3. Juli 1833 von den Franzosen besetzt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arzew — Arzew, Arzeu le Port, Ausfuhrhafen im alger. Dep. Oran, am Golf von A., (1901) 5555 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arzew — Arzew, tiefe Bucht an der algier. Küste in der Prov. Oran, hat den sichersten Hafen an der nordafrikan. Küste. Seit 1833 ist der Ort A. von den Franzosen besetzt, mit einer Mauer umgeben und mit Besatzung versehen. Die Gegend ist reich an… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Arzew —  La commune d Arzew actuelle, fondée au XIXe siècle sous le nom d Arzew le Port, ne peut être confondue avec le « Vieil Arzew », centre habité près des ruines antiques de Portus Magnus, dans la commune actuelle de Bethioua, dont l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arzew — ▪ Algeria also spelled  Arzeu,         port town, northwestern Algeria. Arzew lies near the mouth of the Wadi Mehgoun. Its natural harbour on the Mediterranean is sheltered by a mountainous promontory between the gulfs of Oran and Arzew. Arzew… …   Universalium

  • Arzew — Arzẹw   [französisch ar zø], Arsịw, arabisch Arzjụ [ z ], Hafen und Industriestadt in Algerien, an der Mittelmeerküste, nordöstlich von Oran auf der Westseite des Golfs von Arzew, 50 000 Einwohner;   Wirtschaft:   zweitgrößter Hafen Afrikas,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Arzew District — دائرة أرزيو   District   Map of Algeria highlighting Oran Province …   Wikipedia

  • Olympic Moustakbel Arzew — Pour les articles homonymes, voir OMA. Infobox club sportif OM Arzew …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Raffinerie d'Arzew — La raffinerie d Arzew est l une des cinq raffineries de pétrole d Algérie ; elle est gérée par la société publique Naftec SPA. Sommaire 1 Présentation générale 1.1 Historique 1.2 Situation géographique …   Wikipédia en Français


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