Mihrimah Mosque


Mihrimah Mosque
Mihrimah Mosque

Mihrimah Sultan Mosque, 2008

Basic information
Location Istanbul, Turkey
Geographic coordinates 41°01′45″N 28°56′09″E / 41.02917°N 28.93583°E / 41.02917; 28.93583
Affiliation Islam
Architectural description
Architect(s) Mimar Sinan
Architectural type mosque
Groundbreaking 1562
Completed 1565
Specifications
Dome height (outer) 37 meters (121 ft)
Dome dia. (outer) 20 meters (66 ft)
Minaret(s) 1
Materials granite, marble

The Mihrimah Sultan Mosque (Turkish: 'Mihrimah Sultan Camii') is an Ottoman mosque located just inside the Edirne Kapisi on the Byzantine land walls of Istanbul, Turkey. Located on the peak of the Sixth Hill near the highest point of the city, the mosque is a prominent landmark in Istanbul.[1]

Contents

History

The Mihrimah Sultan Mosque was designed by Mimar Sinan ("Sinan the Architect") for the favorite daughter of Suleiman the Magnificent, Princess Mihrimah. Its building took place from 1562 to 1565.[2] The complex has been severely damaged by earthquakes several times (including 1719, 1766, 1814 and 1894), and although efforts were made to restore the mosque, its attendant buildings received less attention. The dome was further damaged during 1999 İzmit earthquake, and required restoration, along with the upper half of the minaret.

Architecture

Exterior

The mosque was built on a terrace overlooking the main street. A large courtyard (avlu) whose interior portico is divided into individual cells forming a madrasah surrounds the mosque. In the center of the courtyard is a large ablution fountain (sadirvan). Entry to the mosque is through an imposing porch of seven domed bays with marble and granite columns.[3] The mosque itself is a cube topped by a half-sphere, with symmetrical multi-windowed tympana on each of the four sides. The dome is supported by four towers, one in each corner; its base is pierced by windows. The single minaret is tall and slender; during the 1894 earthquake it crashed through the roof of the mosque.

Interior

The interior is a cube under a dome 20 m in diameter and 37 m high. On the north and south sides, triple arcades supported by granite columns open onto side aisles with galleries above, each with three domed bays. A vast amount of surface area is covered by windows, making the mosque one of the brightest lit of any of Sinan's works. Some of the windows contain stained glass.

The interior stencil decorations are all modern. However, the mimbar in carved white marble is from the original construction.

Complex

As built, the Mihrimah Sultan Mosque had a kulliye which included (besides madrasah) a double hamman, türbe and a low row of shops under the terrace upon which the mosque was built, whose rents were intended to financially support the mosque complex.

The complex does not include the grave of Mihrimah Sultana herself (which is located at the Süleymaniye Mosque, but a ruined türbe (which is also a work of Sinan) behind the mosque houses the graves of her son-in-law, Grand Vizier Semiz Ali Pasha, as well as many other members of her family.

See also

Gallery

Coordinates: 41°01′45″N 28°56′09″E / 41.02917°N 28.93583°E / 41.02917; 28.93583

References

  • Faroqhi, Suraiyah (2005). Subjects of the Sultan: Culture and Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. I B Tauris. ISBN 1850437602. 
  • Freely, John (2000). Blue Guide Istanbul. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0393320146. 
  • Rogers, J.M. (2007). Sinan: Makers of Islamic Civilization. I B Tauris. ISBN 184511096X. 

External links

Notes

  1. ^ Rogers, Sinan, pp. index
  2. ^ Faroqhi, Subjects of the Sultan.
  3. ^ Freely, Blue Guide Istanbul

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mihrimah Sultan Mosque (Üsküdar) — For the mosque in the Edirnekapı district of Istanbul, see Mihrimah Mosque. Mihrimah Sultan Mosque Basic information Location Istanbul, Turkey Geographic coor …   Wikipedia

  • Mihrimah Sultan — Daughter of Suleiman the Magnificent and Roxelana The Princess Mihrimah Sultan Potraid by Titian Born 1522 Constantinople / Istanbul, Ottoman Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Mihrimah Sultana — the name she was given upon her marriage. Princess Mihrimar s name is also spelled Mirhumah or Mihri a Mah. Mihrimah traveled throughout the Ottoman Empire with her father as he surveyed the lands and conquered new ones. It is written in Persian… …   Wikipedia

  • Arap Mosque — Arap Camii General view of the building from the courtyard Basic information Location Istanbul Affiliation Sunni Islam Year conse …   Wikipedia

  • Selimiye Mosque — Coordinates: 41°40′41″N 26°33′34″E / 41.67806°N 26.55944°E / 41.67806; 26.55944 For other uses, see …   Wikipedia

  • Bayezid II Mosque — For other uses, see Beyazid (disambiguation). Bayezid II Mosque Sultan Bayezid II Mosque Basic information Location Istanbul, Turkey Geographic coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad Maarifi Mosque — (Turkish: Maarifi Sultan Cami) is a historical mosque in Kartal district of Istanbul, Turkey, which was once a Rifa i Tekke.[1] Muhammad Maarifi, a descendant of the prophet Muhammad, was born in Edirne (some say Egypt), who came and settled in… …   Wikipedia

  • Ortaköy Mosque — View at night Ortaköy Mosque …   Wikipedia

  • Divriği Great Mosque — Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country …   Wikipedia

  • Omer Pasha Mosque — was built by Ketendji Omer Pasha in 1602. It is located in Elmalı, Antalya Province, Turkey. It reflects the classical Ottoman architecture. The mosque is the biggest Ottoman mosque in the Antalya area …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.