- Rossendale Valley
caption="Rossendale Valley shown within
The Rossendale Valley is part of the "Forest of Rossendale", an upland area of North West
England, principally in Lancashire. Most of the area is within the Borough of Rossendale. It consists of the steep-sided valleys of the River Irwelland its tributaries, which flow from the Pennines southwards to Manchesterand cut through the open unwooded moorland, which is characteristic of the area, despite the ancient designation of "forest".
The Forest contains two Marilyns;
Hail Storm Hilland Freeholds Top, as well as the summit of Great Hameldon. Geographically, it is sandwiched between the West Pennine Moorsto the west and the South Penninesto the east.
The valley bottoms are characterised by four main settlements, each with a number of villages and hamlets around them. These settlements are Bacup,
Haslingden, Ramsbottomand Rawtenstall. Most of the development in the area has been built since the time of the Industrial Revolutionalthough the sites of some buildings date from agricultural uses and the activities of landowners in earlier times, in some cases as far back as the 13th century.
Most Rossendalians consider themselves to live in 'The Valley' and this is still locally a commonly used term to describe the district.
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