- Pauline García-Viardot
Pauline García-Viardot (
July 18, 1821– May 18, 1910) was a nineteenth century Spanish mezzo-sopranoand composer.
Pauline García was born in
Paristo a glamorous Spanish opera family, the great Garcias. As a young woman, she was overshadowed by her beautiful older sister, Maria Malibran, the "Enchantress of Nations" but her father, Manuel del Pópulo Vicente García, made Pauline his favorite and trained her on the piano and also gave her singing lessons. After his death in 1832, her mother took over her lessons, and after her sister's death, Pauline was assigned to take over as a professional singer. Her vocal range was from F3 to C6.
In 1837, 16-year-old Pauline García gave her first concert performance in
Brusselsand in 1839, made her operadebut as Desdemona in Rossini’s "Otello" in London. This proved to be the surprise of the season. Despite her flaws, she had an exquisite technique combined with an astonishing degree of passion.
In 1840, she married
Louis Viardot, an author and the director of the Théatre Italienin Paris, who would eventually manage her career. Twenty-one years her senior, her marriage did not stop the steady stream of infatuated men. Russian novelist Ivan Turgenevin particular was a gifted aristocrat who fell passionately in love with her after hearing her rendition of " The Barber of Seville" in Russia in 1843. In 1845, he left Russia to follow Pauline and eventually installed himself into the Viardot household, treated her four children as his own and adored her until he died. She, in turn, critiqued his work and through her connections and social abilities, presented him in the best light whenever they were in public. The exact status of their relationship is a matter of debate. Other men closely linked to her included composers Charles Gounodand Hector Berlioz.
Renowned for her wide range and her dramatic roles on stage, Viardot's performances inspired composers such as
Frédéric Chopin, Hector Berlioz, Camille Saint-Saëns, and Giacomo Meyerbeer, for whom she created Fidès in " Le prophète". While she never considered herself a composer, she in fact composed three music collections and also assisted with the writing of music for the roles that were created specifically for her. Later in life, after retiring from the stage, she wrote an opera titled "Le dernier sorcier".
She spoke fluent Spanish, French, Italian, English, German and Russian, and composed songs in a variety of national techniques. Her career took her to the best music halls across
Europe, and from 1843 to 1846 she was permanently attached to the Opera in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Such was her popularity that writer George Sandmade her into the heroine of her 1843 novel Consuelo.
She was the mezzo-soprano in the
Tuba mirummovement of Mozart's Requiemat Chopin's funeral at Église de la Madeleinein Paris on 30 October 1849, which she performed together with the soprano incognito behind a black curtain. [Frederick Niecks, "The Life of Chopin", Novello, Ewers & Co., London and New York, 1888, vol. II, p. 325).] She sang the title role of Gluck's opera " Orphée et Eurydice" at Théâtre Lyriquein Paris in November 1859, directed by Hector Berlioz. She was well acquainted with Jenny Lind, the Swedish soprano and philanthropist, as well as with George Sand, the French novelist. [Pauline Viardot knew well [http://www.iconsofeurope.com/paulineviardot.htm Jenny Lind and George Sand] .]
A notable remark of hers was made to the English soprano
Adelaide Kemblewhen they attended the late concert in London by the great Italian soprano Giuditta Pasta, who was clearly past her prime. Asked by Kemble what she thought of the voice she replied 'Ah! It is a ruin, but then so is Leonardo's Last Supper'.
In 1863, Pauline Viardot-García retired from the stage. She and her family left France due to her husband’s public opposition to Emperor Napoleon III and settled in
Baden-Baden, Germany. After the fall of Napoleon III, they returned to France, where she taught at the Paris Conservatory and, until the time of her husband’s passing in 1883, also presided over a music salon in the Boulevard Saint-Germain.
In 1904, her
opera"Cendrillon" premiered in Paris. [ [http://opera.stanford.edu/composers/V.html Opera Glass] ]
In 1910, Pauline Viardot died at age eighty-nine surrounded by a loving family. Her body is interred in the
Cimetière de Montmartre, Paris, France.
The Villa Viardot in
Bougival, near Paris, a gift to the Viardots by Ivan Turgenev in 1874, where so many musicians, painters and poets came, has been restored since 2001, thanks to the actions of the Georges BizetAssociation and Patrimoine et Urbanisme. The famous baritone Jorge Chaminéfrequently gives master classes there.
*FitzLyon, April, "The Price of Genius" (1964), a biography of García-Viardot
* [http://www-chucol.mml.cam.ac.uk/users/las36/public_html/intro_en.html#pauline Turgenev and Russian Music: the influence of Pauline Viardot]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pauline Garcia-Viardot — Pauline Viardot Buste de Pauline Viardot à Baden Baden Pauline García, épouse Viardot née le 18 juillet 1821 à Paris où elle meurt le 18 mai 1910, est une mezzo soprano et une compositrice française … Wikipédia en Français
Pauline Garcia — Pauline Viardot Buste de Pauline Viardot à Baden Baden Pauline García, épouse Viardot née le 18 juillet 1821 à Paris où elle meurt le 18 mai 1910, est une mezzo soprano et une compositrice française … Wikipédia en Français
Pauline — Infobox Given name 2 gender = female origin = PaulinaPauline is a female given name, originally the French form of Paulina.Religious*Pauline, an adjective used to refer to things dealing with Paul the Apostle *Pauline, an adjective used to refer… … Wikipedia
García — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Garcia (García) est un patronyme d origine hispanique très répandu ; il s agit par exemple du patronyme le plus fréquent en Espagne et du 14e nom… … Wikipédia en Français
Pauline Viardot — Pour les articles homonymes, voir García. Pauline García, épouse Viardot, est une mezzo soprano et une compositrice … Wikipédia en Français
Pauline Viardot — … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pauline Viardot-García — … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pauline Viardot-Garcia — Pauline Viardot Buste de Pauline Viardot à Baden Baden Pauline García, épouse Viardot née le 18 juillet 1821 à Paris où elle meurt le 18 mai 1910, est une mezzo soprano et une compositrice française … Wikipédia en Français
Viardot, Pauline — Pauline Viardot Buste de Pauline Viardot à Baden Baden Pauline García, épouse Viardot née le 18 juillet 1821 à Paris où elle meurt le 18 mai 1910, est une mezzo soprano et une compositrice française … Wikipédia en Français
Pauline Viardot-Garcia — … Deutsch Wikipedia