Coastal Fortifications of the United States of America


Coastal Fortifications of the United States of America

The United States has built numerous coastal defenses to defend main cities, ports and straits. Some listed were built by other nations and are now on United States territory.

State City Name Established Deactivated Notes
Alabama
Mobile Fort Charlotte 1702 1820 Now reconstructed as a tourist site.
Fort Gaines 1821 1926
Fort Morgan 1834
Alaska
California
San Diego Fort Guijarros 1797
San Francisco Fort Baker n/a Coast Guard Station
Fort Mason 1864 1970
Fort Miley
Fort Point 1794 <1970
Presidio of San Francisco 1948 Battery Chamberlin was the coast defense element.
Connecticut
New London Fort Trumbull
Delaware
Delaware City Fort Delaware
District of Columbia
Washington, D.C. Fort Foote
Florida
Apalachicola River Fort Gadsden Many British and Spanish forts on this site
Amelia Island Fort Clinch
Pensacola Fort Barrancas 1698 1947
Fort George 1778 British fort
Fort McRee 1834 1947
Fort Pickens 1829 Destroyed by a hurricane in 1906.
Tampa Fort Brooke Site of the Tampa Convention Center
Fort Dade
Florida Keys Fort Zachary Taylor
Georgia
Savannah Fort Pulaski
Hawaii
Pearl Harbor Fort DeRussy
Fort Weaver
Fort Kamehameha
Louisiana
New Orleans Fort Jackson
Fort Livingston 1889 Ruins only
Fort Saint Philip
Maine
Bangor Fort Knox
Bath Fort Baldwin 1905
Fort Popham
Portland Fort Gorges 1865 1960
Fort Preble
Fort Scammel 1808
Wiscasset Fort Edgecomb 1808
Maryland
Baltimore Fort Carroll 1890 1928 On an island near center of the bridge
Fort Howard 1896 1940
Fort McHenry 1925 Now a national park
Fort Smallwood 1890 1928 Now a park
Massachusetts
Boston Fort Independence Built by the British as Castle William
Fort Strong on Long Island
Fort Warren
Mississippi
Ship Island Fort Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Portsmouth Fort Constitution 1808 1961
New Jersey
Trenton Fort Billingsport 1777
Fort Mercer 1777
New York
New York City Fort Hamilton
Camp Hero 1984
Fort H. G. Wright 1878 Late 1950s Fishers Island
Fort Lafayette Destroyed by the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge.
Fort Michie Great Gull Island
Fort Schuyler
Fort Terry 1879 1954 Plum Island
Fort Totten 1857 n/a
See note Fort George, New York Name used for several sites in New York state
North Carolina
Wilmington Fort Fisher 1861 1865 Confederate fort
Oregon
Fort Canby
Columbia River Fort Stevens 1863 1947
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia Fort Mifflin 1771 1954
Puerto Rico
Roosevelt Roads Fort Bundy
San Juan El Moro
Rhode Island
Newport Fort Adams
South Carolina
Charleston Castle Pinckney
Fort Moultrie
Fort Sumter
Fort Wagner
Texas
Vermont
Albany, New York Fort Independence 1756 1777 Captured
Virginia
Norfolk Fortress Monroe 1609 n/a
Richmond Fort Darling Confederate Fort during the American Civil War
Washington
Columbia River Fort Columbia
Puget Sound Fort Casey
Fort Flagler
Fort Ward
Fort Worden

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