- Gigi Gryce
Gigi Gryce (born George General Grice, Jr.
November 28, 1925in Pensacola, Florida— March 14, 1983in Pensacola, Florida) was an American saxophonist, flutist, clarinetist, composer, arranger, educator, and big band bandleader. His performing career was relatively short and, in comparison to other musicians of his generation, Gryce's work is little known; however, several of his compositions have been covered extensively ("Minority","Social Call"," Nica's Tempo") and are frequently heard in jazz venues featuring mainstream jazz musicians. Gryce's compositional bent includes harmonic choices similar to those of Benny Golson, Tadd Dameron and Horace Silver in the contemporaneous period. Gryce's playing,arranging, composing is consonant with the hard bopclassic period, generally considered to be 1953-1965.
Although primarily a jazz musician, Gryce studied classical composition with
Alan Hovhanessand Daniel Pinkhamat the Boston Conservatoryfollowing World War II (he entered September 15, 1947 and obtained a Bachelor of Music degree on June 6, 1952). While there he may have composed a number of symphonic compositions and chamber works. Gryce won a Fulbright scholarshipand continued his studies in Paris with Nadia Boulangerand Arthur Honegger. [Gryce, Gigi, The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, Edited by Barry Kernfeld, St. Martin's Press, New York, 1988] He also studied composition with the Boston music teacher Madame Margaret Chaloff, the mother of the baritone saxophonist Serge Chaloff.
During the 1950s he achieved some renown for his innovative
bebopplaying, his primary instrument being the alto saxophone. Among the musicians with whom Gryce performed were Thelonious Monk, Tadd Dameron, Lionel Hampton, Donald Byrd, Clifford Brown, Art Farmer, Howard McGhee, Lee Morgan, Max Roach, Oscar Pettiford, Teddy Charles, and Benny Golson. In 1955, Gryce formed the Jazz Lab Quintet, which included trumpeter Donald Byrd. [ Gryce, Gigi, The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, Edited by Barry Kernfeld, St. Martin's Press, New York, 1988]
In the mid-1950s he converted to Islam and adopted the name Basheer Qusim. By the early 1960s he stopped using the name Gigi Gryce and, partly due to personal problems that took their toll on his financial and emotional state, withdrew from performing. During this last period of his life he taught at a series of public schools in
Long Islandand New York City, and the CES (Community Elementary School) 53 on 168th Street in Bronx, New York, the last school at which Qusim taught, was renamed the Basheer Qusim School in his honor.
* Cohen, Noal, and Michael Fitzgerald (2002). " [http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1893163253 Rat Race Blues: The Musical Life of Gigi Gryce] ". Foreword by Benny Golson. Berkeley, California: Berkeley Hills Books.
* [http://www.allaboutjazz.com/jazzowl/gxgbio.htm "Gigi Gryce"] by David Griffith, from All About Jazz website
* [http://www.gigigryce.com/ Gigi Gryce site]
* [http://www.jazzdiscography.com/Artists/Gryce/ggcd.htm List of CDs featuring appearances by Gigi Gryce]
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Gigi Gryce — amtlich George General Grice (sic!) jun. (alias Lee Sears, * 28. November 1925 in Pensacola; † 17. März 1983 in Pensacola) war ein US amerikanischer Jazz Saxophonist, Komponist und Arrangeur. Er benutzte auch die Pseudonyme Basheer Qusim (isl … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gigi Gryce — est un saxophoniste et compositeur américain (Pensacola, Floride, 1927 1983). Discographie Deltinu (1953) Over the rainbow (avec Donald Byrd, 1957) Portail du jazz … Wikipédia en Français
Gryce — Gigi Gryce (* 28. November 1925 in Pensacola; † 17. März 1983 in Pensacola) war ein US amerikanischer Jazz Saxophonist, Komponist und Arrangeur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Diskographische Hinweise … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nica's Tempo — Gigi Gryce – Nica s Tempo Veröffentlichung 1956 Label Savoy Format(e) LP, CD Genre(s) Jazz Anzahl der Titel 10 Laufzeit 42:36 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nica’s Tempo — Nica s Tempo Studioalbum von Gigi Gryce Veröffentlichung 1956 Label Savoy … Deutsch Wikipedia
Memorial Album — Studioalbum von Clifford Brown Veröffentlichung 1956 Label Blue Note … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nica's Tempo — Studio album by Gigi Gryce Released 1955 … Wikipedia
Donald Byrd — Birth name Donaldson Toussaint L Ouverture Byrd II Born December 9, 1932 (1932 12 09) (age 78) Origin Detroit, Michigan, United States … Wikipedia
Donald Byrd — Datos generales Nacimiento 9 de diciembre de 1932 (78 años) Origen Detroit, Míchigan, Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
Blue Note Records discography — The discography of Jazz music record label Blue Note Records is one of greatest in both size and quality. [ [http://plosin.com/milesAhead/BluenoteLabel.html The Blue Note Label ] ] Many, if not most, of records were studio albums produced under… … Wikipedia