He was born in
Vidin, Bulgariato a Spanish- Sephardic Jewishfather and a Serbian-Italian mother. His early artistic training was in Viennaand Munich. He adopted the pseudonymPascin (an anagramof Pincas) early in 1905, [According to Alfred Werner, "he never added his first name, even in its French form. His suicide note is signed "Jules Pincas dit Pascin." Werner, 1972, p. vii] at about the same time that he began contributing drawings to Simplicissimus, a satirical magazine published in Munich. In December, 1905 he arrived in Paris, becoming part of the great migration of artistic creativity to that city at the start of the 20th century. In 1907 Pascin met Hermine Lionette Cartan David, also a painter, and they became lovers, living together until Pascin left for America on October 3, 1914. Hermine David stayed in Paris with her mother until, at Pascin's request, she too sailed to America on October 31, 1914.
Pascin lived in America from 1914 to 1920, sitting out
World War I, and while there he taught at the Telfair Academy [ [http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.com/nge/ArticlePrintable.jsp?id=h-1035 Art in Georgia from 1895 to 1960: Overview ] at www.georgiaencyclopedia.com] [http://www.askart.com/AskART/artists/search/Search_Grid.aspx?searchtype=MUSEUMS&artist=24034#] in Savannah, Georgia. He and Hermine painted in New York Cityas well as in Miami, New Orleansand Cuba. Pascin married Hermine David at city hall in New York City. The witnesses were Max Weberand Maurice Sterne, both painters living in New York and friends of Pascin. Pascin was granted American citizenship, but in France he became the symbol of the Montparnasseartistic community. Always in his bowler hat, he was a witty presence at Le Dôme café, Le Jockey club, and the other haunts of the area’s bohemian society. Pascin made visits to Bulgariain 1923/1924 and at an uncertain later date.
Despite the constant partying, Pascin created thousands of watercolors and sketches, plus drawings and caricatures that he sold to various newspapers and magazines. He studied the art of drawing at the Academy Colarossi and, like
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrecbefore him, he drew upon his surroundings and his friends, both male and female, as subjects. He wanted to become a serious painter but in time he became deeply depressed over his inability to achieve critical success with his efforts.
During the 1920s, Pascin mostly painted fragile "petites filles", prostitutes waiting for clients, or models waiting for the sitting to end. His fleetingly rendered paintings sold readily, but the money he made was quickly spent. Famous as the host of numerous large and raucous parties in his flat, whenever he was invited elsewhere for dinner he arrived with as many bottles of wine as he could carry. He frequently led a large group of friends on summer picnics beside the
River Marne, their excursions lasting all afternoon. According to his biographer, Georges Charensol, "Scarcely had he chosen his table at the Dôme or the Sélect than he would be surrounded by five or six friends; at nine o'clock, when we got up to dinner, we would be 20 in all, and later in the evening, when we decided to go up to Montmartreto Charlotte Gardelle's or the Princess Marfa's—where Pascin loved to take the place of the drummer in the jazz band—he had to provide for 10 taxis."
In his story, "A Moveable Feast",
Ernest Hemingwaywrote a chapter titled "With Pascin At the Dôme", recounting a night in 1923 when he had stopped off at Le Dôme and met Pascin escorted by two models. Hemingway's depiction of the events of that night are considered one of the defining images of Montparnasse at the time.
Behind Pascin’s panache lurked the terror of a tortured mind. Suffering from depression and alcoholism, "driven to the wall by his own legend", according to art critic Gaston Diehl, he committed suicide on the eve of a prestigious solo show by slitting his wrists and hanging himself in his studio in
Montmartre. On the wall he left a message written in his own blood that said good-bye to his lost love, Cecile (Lucy) Vidil Krohg. [Diehl, 1968, p. 78] In his last will and testament Pascin left his estate equally to his mistress, Lucy Krohg, and to his wife, Hermine David. [This will was contested by Pascin's estranged family through Pascin's brother, Joseph Pincas. The three ultimately agreed to share the estate.]
On the day of Pascin’s funeral, June 7, 1930, all the galleries in Paris closed. Thousands of acquaintances from the artistic community along with dozens of waiters and bartenders from the restaurants and saloons he had frequented, all dressed in black, walked behind his coffin the three miles from his studio at 36 boulevard de Clichy to the
Cimetière de Saint-Ouen. A year later, Pascin, who was buried under his real name of Pincas was moved to the more prestigious Cimetière de Montparnasse.
*Diehl, Gaston (1968). "Pascin". New York: Crown. OCLC|74469
*Werner, Alfred (1972). "Pascin: 110 Drawings". New York: Dover. ISBN 0486202992
* [http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/pascin_jules.html Information in ArtCyclopedia]
* [http://www.artnet.com/artist/13137/jules-pascin.html Jules Pascin on artnet]
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PASCIN (J.) — PASCIN JULIUS PINKAS dit JULES (1885 1930) De tous les artistes du Montparnasse des années vingt, il n’en est peut être pas un qui traîne derrière lui une légende aussi encombrante. Voir en Pascin, comme on le faisait encore il y a quelques… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Pascin — (Julius Pinkas, dit Jules) (1885 1930) peintre et graveur américain d origine bulgare, de l école de Paris: les Deux Dormeuses (1925) et nombr. autres belles de nuit aux poses lascives … Encyclopédie Universelle
Pascin — [ pæskɪn], Jules, eigentlich Julius Mordechai Pincas [ pɪȖkəs], amerikanischer Maler und Grafiker bulgarischer Herkunft, * Vidin (Bulgarien) 31. 3. 1885, ✝ (Selbstmord) Paris 20. 6. 1930; studierte in Wien, Berlin und München (Mitarbeit am… … Universal-Lexikon
Pascin — Julius Mordecai Pincas Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pascin (homonymie). portrait de Jules Pascin. Julius Mordecai Pincas dit Jules Pascin est … Wikipédia en Français
Pascin — Datei:Jules Pascin.JPG Albert Weisgerber: Bildnis Jules Pascin (1906) Jules Pascin: Die Mahlzeit, 1923 Jules Pascin (bulg. Жул Паскин * 31. März 1885 in Widin; † 5. Juni 1930 in … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pascin — /pah skaonn /, n. Jules /zhyuul/, (Julius Pincas), 1885 1930, French painter, born in Bulgaria. * * * … Universalium
Pascin — /pah skaonn /, n. Jules /zhyuul/, (Julius Pincas), 1885 1930, French painter, born in Bulgaria … Useful english dictionary
PASCIN, JULES — (1885–1930), painter. Pascin was born in Viddin, Bulgaria, the son of a Sephardi grain merchant, Marcus Pincus. In 1891 the family settled in Bucharest. After leaving high school, Pascin traveled, taking courses at several art academies. On his… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Pascin (bande dessinée) — Pascin est une bande dessinées de Joann Sfar parue en 2005. Elle est inspirée de la vie du peintre Julius Mordecai Pincas, alias Pascin. Portail de la bande dessinée francophone Catégorie : Album de bande dessinée sorti en … Wikipédia en Français
Pascin, Jules — orig. Julius Pincas born , March 31, 1885, Vidin, Bulg. died June 1, 1930, Paris, France Bulgarian painter. He traveled widely and lived in Austria and Germany, producing drawings for satirical journals, before moving to Paris in 1905. He moved… … Universalium