- Banjska monastery
Banjska Monastery (Serbian: Манастир Бањска, Albanian: "Manastiri i Banjës") is a
Serb Orthodoxmonastery near Zvečanin the north of the disputed Serbian province of Kosovo. [See also: International reaction to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence.]
The monastery, along with
St. Stephen's Church was built between 1313 and 1317 and was founded by the SerbKing Stefan Uroš II Milutin, one of the most powerful Balkan rulers of the period and one of the most powerful rulers of the entire Nemanjić dynasty. Milutin built the church as his burial place and it is there that he was first laid to rest. However, following the Battle of Kosovoin 1389 his body was moved to Trepča and then in 1460 to the Bulgarian city of Sofia, where it lies to this day.
The monastery shared the fate of its founder. The monumental building with its church, library, monks' quarters and "imperial palace" began to fall into disrepair very early. At the beginning of the 15th century, a fire destroyed the library and in the second half of the same century the monastery was probably abandoned.
Kuprešić, an author writing about his travels, mentions that the monastery was razed to the ground in the 16th century on the orders of the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, as Christians who had fled Turkish slavery were gathering in it.
St. Stephen's church, which was almost totally destroyed, was turned into a
mosquein the 19th century and served as such until the First World War. The first conservation activity was carried out in 1939 and again in 1990, when the church was partly rebuilt.
Banjska Monastery is one of the few for which the founding charter has been preserved. From it we can see that the monastery was granted a large estate at its founding, of 75 villages and 8 pastures.
As the complex was built as the final resting place of a king, the Bishopric was "upgraded" to a stavropegial monastery - roughly translated, an Imperial Monastery, fourth by rank in the state (after
Studenica, Mileševaand Sopoćani). The building works were led by Archbishop Danilo II, at that time a prior, later a Serb Archbishop. He was a close confidant of the king, as well as a man of letters and great knowledge. According to medieval sources, as well as oral tradition, Banjska was one of the most beautiful Serb monasteries, built in the style of the Raška school, which was used for all royal mausoleums, from Stefan Nemanja's Studenicamonastery to Emperor Dušan's Monastery of Holy Archangels(Serbian: Манастир Светих Арханђела / "Manastir Svetih Arhanđela").
References and notes
* [http://www.banjska.org Banjska Monastery]
* [http://www.eparhija-prizren.com/defaultE.asp Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Kosovo-Metohija]
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