List of Greek place names


List of Greek place names

This is a list of Greek place names. That is, a list of the names of places as they exist in the Greek language. This list includes:

* Places involved in the history of Greek culture, including but not limited to:
** Historic Greek regions, including but not limited to:
*** Ancient Greece, including colonies and contacted peoples
*** Hellenistic world, including successor states and contacted peoples
*** Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire, including successor states
*** Ottoman Empire, including successor states
*** Septinsular Republic
*** Modern Greece and Cyprus, and also what remains of treaty Greek minorities in Turkey
** Places that have or had important Greek-speaking or ethnic Greek minorities or exile communities
** Places of concern to Greek culture, religion or tradition, including but not limited to:
*** Greek mythology
*** Greek Jews, including Romaniotes and exiled Sephardim
*** Greco-Buddhism
*** Christianity until the Great Schism, and afterwards the Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastern Rite, etc.
*** Greek Muslims, including Islam in Greece, and those outside Greece who are Greek-speaking or ethnic Greek
* Places whose official names include a Greek form.
* Places whose names originate from the Greek language, even if they were never involved in Greek history or culture.

Αlthough this list includes toponyms from Roman times, this list does "not" include later wholly Latin-derived names that have (nor had) no Greek linguistic involvement, involvement with the Greek world, nor significant Greek-speaking communities. (A notable exception may be places such as Australia, which has one of the largest modern Greek-speaking communities outside Greece and Cyprus.) However, much of the Roman Empire "did" have significant Greek-speaking communities, as Greek had been a popular language among the Roman elite from the beginning.

Both koine and modern forms and transliterations (including polytonic spellings) are listed if available. This list is incomplete, and some items in the list lack academic detail.

As a historical linguistics article, this list is an academic lexicon for the history of Greek place names, and is not a formal dictionary nor gazetteer and should not be relied upon as such.

Indeed, many toponyms in Modern Greek now have different names than were used in by Greek-speaking communities in the past. An example is Malta, which was called Polytonic|Μελίτη ("Melítē") and was once home to a Greek-speaking community. However, this community is gone or assimilated, and the common Modern Greek name is Polytonic|Μάλτα ("Málta", from Maltese).

However, in other cases, Modern Greek has retained archaic names (sometimes with grammatical modifications).

Distinctly Greek names are also largely retained for places without significant modern Greek populations that had a larger Greek-speaking presence until relatively recent times in history, including many areas in what are now Turkey, Egypt, Russia and Ukraine.

Contents

*Format
*The list
**Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω
__NOTOC__

Format

The names presented are in Classical Greek spelling, scientific transliteration of Classical Greek, standard Modern Greek, the United Nations transliteration for Modern Greek, and the Modern Greek pronunciation in the International Phonetic Alphabet.

The list

Α

Δ

Η

Κ

Ν

Π

Τ

Χ


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