Fort McPherson, Nebraska


Fort McPherson, Nebraska

Fort McPherson was established in October 1863. It was located on the banks of the North Platte River, at the mouth of Cottonwood Canyon, a strategic location near the site of present-day Maxwell, Nebraska.

The decision to build the fort was following the Dakota War of 1862. The was an outpost to protect travellers along the Oregon and California Trails, between Fort Kearny and Colorado and to keep the peace with the local Native Americans.

The was built by troops of the 7th Regiment Iowa Volunteer Cavalry and was originally named Cantonment McKean. It was subsequently called Fort Cottonwood, until February 26, 1866 when it was named Fort McPherson in the honor of Major General James B. McPherson.

Numerous expeditions were launched from Fort McPherson during the Indian Wars. The most important was the expedition of General Eugene Asa Carr which finished with the defeat of the Cheyenne Indians at the Battle of Summit Springs. The fort was abandoned in 1880.

A cemetery was created along with the fort. In 1873, 20 acres were set aside for Fort McPherson National Cemetery, and the remains interred in the original post cemetery were moved to it. [ Fort McPherson, Nebraska [Fort McPherson, Nebraska] ]

Notes

Further reading

*Barnes, Jeff. "Forts of the Northern Plains: Guide to Historic Military Posts of the Plains Indian Wars". Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2008.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fort McPherson National Cemetery — is a United States National Cemetery which is 4 miles (6 km) south of the village of Maxwell in Lincoln County, Nebraska. It encompasses 20 acres, and as of the end of 2005, it had 8,355 interments. History Fort McPherson was established in 1863… …   Wikipedia

  • McPherson — may refer to: Contents 1 People 1.1 In sports 1.2 In politics 1.3 …   Wikipedia

  • Nebraska locations by per capita income — Nebraska is the thirty third richest state in the United States of America, with a per capita income of $19,613 (2000). Nebraska s personal per capita income is $32,276 (2004). Contents 1 Nebraska counties by per capita income 2 Nebraska cities,… …   Wikipedia

  • Fort Lyon National Cemetery — is a United States National Cemetery located near the city of Las Animas in Bent County, Colorado. It encompasses 51.9 acres (21.0 hectares) and as of the end of 2005 had 2,069 interments. It is administered by the Fort Logan National Cemetery.… …   Wikipedia

  • Nebraska Territory — Territory of Nebraska Organized incorporated territory of the United States …   Wikipedia

  • Nebraska Territory — Karte des Nebraska Territoriums (1854 1867) Das Nebraska Territorium war ein historisches Hoheitsgebiet der Vereinigten Staaten, das vom 30. Mai 1854 bis zum 1. März 1867 bestand, als Nebraska als 37. Bundesstaat in die Union aufgenommen wurde.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nebraska-Territorium — Karte des Nebraska Territoriums (1854 1867) Das Nebraska Territorium war ein historisches Hoheitsgebiet der Vereinigten Staaten, das vom 30. Mai 1854 bis zum 1. März 1867 bestand, als Nebraska als 37. Bundesstaat in die Union aufgenommen wurde.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nebraska Outback — Nebraska National Forest in the Nebraska Outback. The Nebraska Outback is the north central region of the U.S. state of Nebraska. It comprises Boyd, Holt, Rock, Blaine, Brown, Keya Paha and …   Wikipedia

  • Nebraska — This article is about the U.S. state. For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). State of Nebraska …   Wikipedia

  • Nebraska — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nebraska (homonymie). 41° 30′ N 100° 00′ W / …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.