Algum (sometimes rendered Almug) is a type of wood referred to in the Bible.

Biblical Reference

According to the Book of First Kings (1 Kings 10:12), and the Second Book of Chronicles (II Chronicles 2:8; 9:10-11), it was used, together with cedar and pine, in the construction of Solomon's Temple including the crafting of musical instruments for use in the Temple. Likely the wood was brought by the ships of Tarshish, sent from the Red Sea port of Ezion-Giber, from the distant country of Ophir, and was very valuable.

Botanical classification

The botanical identity of algum is not known for certain, though some references suggest it may be juniper ("Juniperus"). Several species of juniper occur in the Middle East region, including "Juniperus excelsa" (Greek Juniper), "Juniperus foetidissima" (Stinking Juniper), "Juniperus phoenicea" (Phoenician Juniper), and "Juniperus drupacea" (Syrian Juniper). It is likely that the woods of these species, which are all very similar in woodworking properties, would have not been distinguished from each other in the wood trade. The difficulty in identifying this wood is due in part to uncertainty over the location of the Biblical city of Ophir. If Ophir is located in India, as some think, the wood likely would be red sandlewood or Pterocarpus santalinus. [ cite encyclopedia|encyclopedia=Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible |title=Plants of the Bible |page=1702|volume=2|publisher=Baker Book House|location=Grand Rapids, Michigan|date=1988|last=Elwell|First=Walter A.|coauthors=Beitzel, Barry J.|accessdate=2007-09-27]


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  • algum — [al′gum΄] n. [Heb algūm] a tree mentioned in the Bible: 2 Chron. 2:8 …   English World dictionary

  • Algum — Al gum, n. Same as {Almug} (and etymologically preferable). 2 Chron. ii. 8. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • algum — pron. indef. 1. Designa quantidade indeterminada, mas não grande. 2. Qualquer. 3. Nenhum. 4. Não muito. • Feminino: alguma …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • ALGUM — ALGUM, a tree which cannot be definitely identified. Mentioned among the trees of Lebanon which Hiram, king of Tyre, sent to Solomon for the building of the Temple and the palace (II Chron. 2:7), it is referred to elsewhere as having been… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Algum — Almug Al mug, Algum Al gum, n. [Heb., perh. borrowed fr. Skr. valguka sandalwood.] (Script.) A tree or wood of the Bible (2 Chron. ii. 8; 1 K. x. 11). [1913 Webster] Note: Most writers at the present day follow Celsius, who takes it to be the red …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • algum — /al geuhm, awl /, n. a Biblical tree, possibly the red sandalwood. II Chron. 2:8. Cf. almug. [1570 80; < Heb algumim (pl.), var. of ALMUGGIM] * * * …   Universalium

  • Algum —    (2 Chr. 2:8; 9:10, 11), the same as almug (1 Kings 10:11) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • algum — al·gum …   English syllables

  • algum —    Alekuma …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

  • algum — …   Useful english dictionary