Battle of Sheriffmuir

Battle of Sheriffmuir

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Editing Battle of Sheriffmuir

partof=the Jacobite Rising
date=13 November 1715
place=Sheriffmuir, Scotland
result=Strategic victory for British government, although both sides claimed victory:

Battle inconclusive: Strategic victory for British Government as Jacobites forced to withdraw, failed to fight again and rising ended, until 1719.
combatant1=British Government forces
combatant2=Jacobite Rebels
commander1=John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll
commander2=John Erskine, 6th Earl of Mar
casualties1=600 killed and wounded
casualties2=800 killed and more wounded|
The Battle of Sheriffmuir (Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Sliabh an t-Siorraim) was an engagement in 1715 at the height of the Jacobite rebellion in England and Scotland.

John Erskine, 6th Earl of Mar, standard-bearer for the Jacobite cause in Scotland, mustered Highland chiefs and, on September 6, declared James Francis Edward Stuart King of Scots. With an army of about 12,000 men Mar proceeded to take Perth, and commanded much of the northern Highlands. Following unsuccessful skirmishes against John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll (fortified at Stirling), Mar was eventually persuaded to lead his full army south, doing so on 10 November. Spies informed Argyll of Mar's actions, and he moved his army of about 4,000 to Sheriffmuir, near Dunblane. The two armies met on 13 November.

Argyll was vastly outnumbered by the Jacobite army (which was somewhat diminished from its previous numbers), and his left wing, commanded by General Whetham, was far shorter than the Jacobites' opposing right. Argyll's right wing attacked, and managed to drive the Highlanders back, but Whetham's soldiers were overpowered by a much larger force. Argyll came to the aid of Whetham's men. By evening, both armies were seriously reduced, and although Mar had a great advantage in numbers, he refused to risk the entirety of his army, allowing Argyll to withdraw.

The battle was inconclusive, and both sides claimed victory. Those government regiments present that were titled 'King's' were awarded the White Horse of Hanover as a badge as a form of battle honour. The engagement only served to demoralise the Jacobite army who, with their vastly superior numbers, felt they should have decisively won. Mar's French and Spanish supporters in particular withdrew their forces.

On 23 December, the "Old Pretender" James Stuart, who had been exiled in France, landed at Peterhead, his cause largely lost. He met with Mar at Perth, but was unable to rouse the disheartened army. Argyll, reinforced and invigorated, soon advanced north, while the Jacobite army fled to Montrose, and the Pretender returned to France. The Army moved to Ruthven, and dispersed.

The period indeed was fatal in the extreme to the Jacobite Pretender. The whole body of his adherents in the south had fallen into the hands of generals Willis and Carpenter at Preston, and Inverness, with all the adjacent country, had been recovered to the government, through the exertions of pro-government clans including the Earl of Sutherland, Fraser Lord Lovat, the Rosses, the Munros, and the Forbeses. [ [ John Campbell ] ]

The number of the slain on the side of the rebels has been stated to have been eight hundred, among whom were the John Lyon, 5th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and the chief of the Clan MacDonald of Clan Ranald, and several other persons of distinction. Panmure and Drummond of Logie were among the wounded. It meant that the Jacobite army had to withdraw to Perth. Argyll considered himself the victor and struck a medal to commemorate his feat.

Of the royal government army there were killed, and wounded, upwards of six hundred. The lord Forfar was the only person of eminence killed on that side. [ [ John Campbell ] ]

A popular Jacobite song, "Will Ye Go to Sheriffmuir", was written about the battle. As with many such songs, the battle is presented as a noble victory for the Jacobite army. The song was collected by, and perhaps written by, James Hogg in 1819.

Robert Burns 'The Battle of Sherramuir'

The Battle was the subject of one of the most famous songs written by Robert Burns called 'The Battle of Sherramuir'. The song was written when Burns toured the Highlands in 1787 and was first published in "The Scots Musical Museum", appearing in vol.III, 1790. It was written to be sung to the 'Cameronian Rant'.

Burns knew that the battle ended so inconclusively that it was unclear which side had won and the poem is the account of the battle by two shepherds taking contrary views. One of the shepherds believes that "the red-coat lads wi' black cockades" routed the rebels, painting a fearful picture of how they managed to "hough the Clans like nine-pin kyles". The other shepherd is just as convinced that the Jacobites "did pursue / The horsemen back to Forth, man" with the eventual result that "...mony a huntit, poor Red-coat / For fear amaist did swarf, man."

[Dissatisfied with the first published version of the poem, Burns re-wrote it sometime after 1790. The revised version was published after Burns' death by his editor, James Currie M.D. in "The Complete Poetical Works of Robert Burns: With Explanatory and Glossarial Notes; And a Life of the Author" (1800).]

External links

* [ Battle of Sheriffmuir at]
* [ Battle of Sherrifmuir at]
* [ Battle of Sheriffmuir at Clan]
* [ John Campbell, 2nd Duke of]

References and Bibliography

* Smurthwaite, David, Ordnance Survey Complete Guide to the Battlefields of Britain, Webb & Bower Ltd., 1984
* Mileham, Patrick (2000), "Difficulties Be Damned: The King's Regiment - A History of the City Regiment of Manchester and Liverpool", Fleur de Lys ISBN 1-873907-10-9

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sheriffmuir — (or Sheriff Muir), the site of the inconclusive 1715 Battle of Sheriffmuir (part of the Jacobite rising), lies on the slopes of the Ochil Hills just inside the Perthshire border in Scotland. The Sheriffmuir Inn, which overlooks the battle site,… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Dunaverty — Coordinates: 55°18′27″N 5°38′41″W / 55.3075°N 5.64472°W / 55.3075; 5.64472 …   Wikipedia

  • Batalla de Sheriffmuir — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Batalla de Sheriffmuir Parte de La sublevación Jacobita Batalla de Sheriffmuir …   Wikipedia Español

  • The Battle of Sherramuir — is a song written by the Scottish poet Robert Burns (January 25, 1759 – July 21, 1796) about the Battle of Sheriffmuir which occurred in Scotland in 1715 at the height of the Jacobite rebellion in England and Scotland. It was written when Burns… …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Campbell — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Macrae — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • Stirling Castle — Stirling, Scotland GB grid reference NS789940 …   Wikipedia

  • Клан Макларен — Клан Макларен …   Википедия

  • Aiken Drum — is a popular Scottish folk song.: There was a man lived in the moon, lived in the moon, lived in the moon, there was a man lived in the moon and his name was Aiken Drum ... In the song Aiken Drum is a man who played his music upon a ladle and… …   Wikipedia

  • List of battles 1401–1800 — List of battles: before 601 601 1400 1401 1800 1801 1900 1901 2000 2001 current See also: List of American Revolutionary War battles Early 15th Century (1401 1450) * 1402 **Battle of Casalecchio January 26 Alberico da Barbiano for Milan defeats… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.