Alternative spellings: sembee, sembei, senbee

:"Disambiguation: Senbei (Dr. Slump) is a character in the anime/manga series, Dr. Slump.
Senbei (Oh My Goddess!) is also a character in anime/manga series, Oh My Goddess!"

Senbei (煎餅,せんべい) are Japanese crackers, made from rice. They come in various shapes, sizes, and flavors, usually savory but sometimes sweet. Senbei are often eaten with green tea as a casual snack and offered to visiting house guests as a courtesy refreshment.

Senbei are usually cooked by being baked or grilled, traditionally over charcoal. While being prepared they may be brushed with a flavoring sauce, often one made of shoyu and mirin. They may then be wrapped with a layer of nori. Alternatively they may be flavored with salt or so-called "salad" flavoring.

In China, senbei are called jiānbǐng (煎餅). There are varieties like Shandong Jianbing and Tianjin Jianbing. However, these are in actuality a different food. In China, they are more like wraps and pancakes, similar to okonomiyaki, whereas in Japan they are hard (not floppy), and are bite-sized snacks rather than meals.

Sweet senbei (甘味煎餅) came to Japan during the Tang dynasty, the first recorded usage in 737 AD, and still are very similar to Tang traditional styles, originally often baked in the Kansai area, of which include the traditional "roof tile" senbei. These include ingredients like potato and wheat flour or glutinous rice, and are similar to castella cakes. (Not like what people most think of senbei today).

What Japanese commonly refer to as sembei nowadays was popularized by a shop in the Edo Period, Sōkajuku, which spread salty soy sauce flavored sembei throughout Japan.

There are several types of "traditional" Japanese senbei. They include the 2 categories, sweet sembei (over 15 types)Fact|date=February 2008 and rice candy senbei (米菓煎餅), and others, which include even fish senbei (魚せんべい), lotus senbei (蓮根煎餅) and bone senbei (骨せんべい).

Modern senbei versions are very inventive and may include flavorings can which range from kimchi to wasabi to curry to chocolate.

Kansai senbei tend to use glutinous rice and have a lightly seasoned and delicate in texture ("saku saku"). Kantō senbei were originally based on uruchimai, a non-glutinous rice, and they tend to be more crunchy ("kari kari") and richly flavored.

Examples of senbei

* Nori-wrapped
* Arare
* Spicy-hot arare
* Olive no Hana
* Soy nut
* Wet

Historical senbei

Senbei have also been stamped with the imperial crest and presented as tokens of recognition and gratitude by the Japanese emperor during the Second World War.

ee also

*Bakauke, a brand of senbei
*Sōka, Saitama, a famous senbei city

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Senbei — normal Senbei con nori …   Wikipedia Español

  • Senbei — standard Senbei avec sa feuille de nori Le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Senbei — Sembei Sembei mit Nori Sembei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Dr. Slump characters — The characters of Dr. Slump This is a list of recurring characters from the anime manga series Dr. Slump written by Akira Toriyama. Many of these characters make a minor appearance in Toriyama s more well known series Dragon Ball. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Arale Norimaki — Dr. Slump Dragon Ball character Arale from the 1981 Dr. Slump First appearance Book 1 (C …   Wikipedia

  • Dr Slump — Dr. Slump Dr.スランプ, ドクタースランプ (Dokutā Suranpu) Type Shōnen Genre Coméd …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dr. Slump — North American edition of Dr. Slump Volume 1, featuring Arale. Dr.スランプ (Dokutā Suranpu) Genre …   Wikipedia

  • Dr. Slump — Logo der zweiten Anime Fernsehserie Dr. Slump (jap. Dr.スランプ) ist eine Manga Serie des japanischen Zeichners Akira Toriyama aus den Jahren 1980 bis 1984. Die Serie wurde in zwei Anime Serien und mehrere Filmen umgesetzt. Sie lässt sich dem Shōnen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Beika — In Japanese, beika (米菓?) describes a higashi (dry Japanese confectionery) that is made out of …   Wikipedia

  • Essen in Japan — Traditionelles japanisches Frühstück Das Grundnahrungsmittel der japanischen Küche ist der Reis, der das Hauptgericht jeder Mahlzeit ist. Die Beilagen werden mit okazu (お数) bezeichnet. In der japanischen Sprache wird die Reispflanze ine (稲 oder …   Deutsch Wikipedia