- Simon Sudbury
Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury
Full name = Simon Sudbury
consecration = translate 4 May 1375
term_end = 14 June 1381
death_date =14 June 1381
Simon Theobald or Simon of Sudbury (died 14 June 1381) was an
Archbishop of Canterbury(1375–1381) as well as Bishop of London.
He was born at Sudbury in
Suffolk, studied at the University of Paris, and became one of the chaplains of Pope Innocent VI, who sent him, in 1356, on a mission to Edward III of England.
In October of 1361 the pope appointed him
Bishop of London, and he was consecrated on 20 March 1362.Fryde "Handbook of British Chronology" p. 258] He was soon serving the king as an ambassador and in other ways. On 4 May 1375 he succeeded William Whittleseyas archbishop of Canterbury,Fryde "Handbook of British Chronology" p. 233] and during the rest of his life was a partisan of John of Gaunt.
In January of 1380, Sudbury became
Lord Chancellorof England,Fryde "Handbook of British Chronology" p. 86] and the insurgent peasants regarded him as one of the principal authors of their woes. Having released John Ball from his prison at Maidstone, the Kentish insurgents attacked and damaged the archbishop's property at Canterburyand Lambeth; then, rushing into the Tower of London, they seized the archbishop himself. So unpopular was Sudbury that guards simply allowed the rebels through the gates.
Sudbury was dragged to Tower Hill and, on 14 June 1381, was beheaded. His body was afterwards buried in
Canterbury Cathedral, though his head (after being taken down from London Bridge) is still kept at the church of St Gregory at Sudbury in Suffolk, which Sudbury partly rebuilt. [ [http://www.suffolkchurches.co.uk/sudburystg.html "St Gregory, Sudbury"] (Suffolk Churches) accessed 27 May 2008] With his brother, John of Chertsey, he also founded a college in Sudbury; he also did some building at Canterbury. His father was Nigel Theobald, and he is sometimes called Simon Theobald or Tybald.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13799c.htm Simon of Sudbury at Catholic Encyclopedia Online]
* [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Simon_Of_Sudbury Simon of Sudbury at 1911 Britannica Encyclopedia Online]
NAME= Sudbury, Simon
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Simon of Sudbury; Sudbury, Simon de
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Bishop of London; Archbishop of Canterbury; Lord Chancellor
DATE OF BIRTH=
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=14 June 1381
PLACE OF DEATH=London
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