- 28th G8 summit
The 28th G8 Summit took place in
Kananaskis, Alberta, Canadaon June 26and June 27, 2002. One of the main highlights of this Summit was the mentioning, in the final communique, that Russiawould become a "true" full member of the G8. This would be accomplished by allowing it to host its first G8 Summit, starting in 2006. Thus, the rotation of the G8 Presidency was changed, placing Russia between the United Kingdomand Germany.
Leaders at the summit
The current and main membership of the
G8has remained constant, since Russia joined in at the 1997 G8 Summit at Denver, Colorado; however, the number of aides each leader brings has varied. At Kananaskis, member countries were restricted to bringing 40 essential aides each compared to the 1,000 aides the Americans had brought to the summit when it was held in Genoa the year before. [ [http://www.huntsvilleforester.com/huntsvilleforester/article/108801 "Exciting times ahead,"] "Huntsville Forrester" (Huntsville, Ontario). June 25, 2008.]
Permanent G8 host participants
The composition of the G8 summit is a perennial topic.
Canada Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister.
France Jacques Chirac, President.
Germany Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor.
Italy Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister.
Japan Junichiro Koizumi, Prime Minister.
Russia Vladimir Putin, President.
United Kingdom Tony Blair, Prime Minister.
United States George W. Bush, President.
Invited leaders (partial participation)
A number of national leaders were invited to attend the summit and to participate in some, but not all, G8 summit activities.
South Africa Thabo Mbeki, President
Nigeria Olusegun Obasanjo, President
Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President
Senegal Abdoulaye Wade, President
Heads of international organizations
Leaders of major international organizations have been invited to attend in the past; and this practice was continued: The G8 summits have considered the President of the European Commission as a permanently welcome participant in all G8 meetings and decision-making since 1981. [Reuters: [http://uk.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUKB26280520080703?sp=true "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?"] , July 3, 2008.]
United Nations Kofi Annan, Secretary-General
European Union Romano Prodi, Commission President. [ G8 Research Group: [http://www.g8.utoronto.ca/summit/2002kananaskis/delegations.html Delegations;] cite web| url = http://www.deljpn.ec.europa.eu/union/showpage_en_union.external.g8.php| title = EU and the G8| accessdate = 2007-09-25| publisher = European Commission]
Traditionally, a host country of the G8 summit sets the agenda for negotiations, which take place primarily amongst multi-national
civil servantsin the weeks before the summit itself, leading to a joint declaration which all countries can agree to sign. The Presidency of the G8 is held by the leader of a current national government, whether it is a president, prime minister or chancellor (with Germany) of that particular G8 country. It lasts from January 1st to December 31st of such year.
Citizens' responses and authorities' counter-responses
The previous summit, the
27th G8 summit, in Genoa, Italywas the site of large anti-globalizationprotests and occasionally violent conflict between protesters and the police. In contrast to Genoa, most of the area near was closed to the public during the summit, and protesters were kept far away, mainly in Calgary. The protests were peaceful, attended by groups including the Raging Grannies.
Kananaskis was selected because of its isolated location. Security was augmented by F-18 jet fighters and helicopters which patrolled the skies non-stop; all major thoroughfares were closed, many of the shops in nearby Calgary were boarded up, and police reportedly outnumbered protesters six to one. It was the largest peacetime security operation in Canadian history.Wahl, Harry. [http://www.huntsvilleforester.com/HuntsvilleForester/article/109252 " Cost of security for the G8 Summit,"] "Huntsville Forrester." July 2, 2008.]
Security was very tight at the summit, costing taxpayers in excess of $200-millionAndreatta, David. [http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20080711.whuntsville12/BNStory/Front/home "Brace yourself, Huntsville. The G8 is coming,"] "Globe and Mail" (Toronto). July 12, 2008.] . It attracted thousands of protesters and security was provided by 5,000 to 7,000 police and military officers. [ [http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/news/story.html?id=5544cfb9-56c2-451b-80d9-8c0c65a19ec8 "Ontario resort picked for G8 summit in 2010,"] "Gazette" (Montreal). June 20, 2008.] This was the first G-8 summit held after the
September 11, 2001 attacks.
The 2002 conference is said to have pumped some $300-million into the Kananaskis economy; [see above] ] but it could be just as accurate to say that the cost of the summit, not the benefit to the community, was $300 million.
In response to and support of the
New Partnership for Africa's Development(NEPAD), the Kananaskis Summit produced an African Action Plan, which contained commitments on promoting peace and security; strengthening institutions and governance; fostering trade, economic growth and sustainable development; implementing debt relief; expanding knowledge; improving health and confronting HIV/AIDS; increasing agricultural productivity; and, improving water resource management. [Iwuagwu, Obi. [http://www.businessdayonline.com/analysis/comments/13137.html "Africa and the G8 Summits,"] "Business Day" (Lagos, Nigeria). July 17, 2008.]
G8 Research Group: [http://www.g8.utoronto.ca G8 Information Centre] , University of Toronto
* Official G8 website: [http://www.g8.gc.ca/sumdocs2002-en.asp Kananaskis]
* [http://g8.activist.ca/ "G8 Activism": 2002 G8 Summit and earlier archives]
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