- Explosive ROF
An Explosive ROF was a UK Government-owned
Royal Ordnance Factory(ROF), which specialised in manufacturing explosivesduring and after World War II. Note: In World War I, the name used in the UK for Government-owned explosives factories was National Explosives Factory; and the Corditefactory at Gretna was known as HM Factory, Gretna.
These Second World War factories were built for the
Ministry of Supplywith the Ministry of Works, in all cases except ROF Irvine, acting as . Explosive ROF's specialised in producing either high-explosives, such as TNT ( trinitrotoluene) or RDX; or propellants, such as cordite, but there were minor exceptions to this demarcation. The products from these Explosive ROFs were shipped to Filling Factoriesfor filling into munitions. Pyrotechnics, such as fuzes and screening smokes, tended to be made at the Filling Factoriesand filled directly into munitions.
Comparable WW II factories not part of the ROF organisation
ICI and Ministry of Supply Agency Factories
A number of UK World War II explosives factories were built and owned by ICI. These privately owned explosives factories were not considered part of the ROF Organisation and they were not called ROFs. ICI also managed numerous munitions factories constructed with Ministry of Supply funding; these were known as "Agency Factories". ICI Nobel's Ardeer site and its WW II agency factories produced, for example, 35% of the combined ROF and Agency Factories output of Cordite and 15% of the combined output of TNT.Reader, Volume II, Chapter 15: "War Production".]
Royal Naval Factories
In both World War I and World War II the
Royal Navyhad its own government-owned factories producing propellants and explosives, for naval guns. These were the Royal Navy Cordite Factory, Holton Heath(RNCF), Dorset(WW I & WW II), and the Royal Navy Propellant Factory, Caerwent(RNPF), Monmouthshire(WW II only), respectively. They both closed as explosive manufacturing sites after World War II. Naval propellants were then manufactured at ROF Bishoptonand filled at ROF Chorley, and later ROF Glascoed.
National Explosives Factories (WW I)
HM Factory, Gretna
To be expanded
Royal Navy Factories (WW I & WW II)
Royal Navy Cordite Factory, Holton Heath(RNCF)
Royal Navy Propellant Factory, Caerwent(RNPF)
UK high-explosive ROFs (WW II)
Propellant ROFs (WW II)
* Cocroft, Wayne D., (2000). "Dangerous Energy: The archaeology of gunpowder and military explosives manufacture". Swindon: English Heritage. ISBN 1-85074-718-0.
* Kohan, C.M., (1952). "History of the Second World War: United Kingdom Civil Series: Works and Buildings". London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office and Longmans, Green and Co.
* Reader, W.J. (1975). "Imperial Chemical Industries: A History. Volume II: The First Quarter-Century 1926-1952". London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-215944-5.
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