- Benito Quinquela Martín
-->Benito Quinquela Martín (
March 10(?), 1890 — January 28, 1977) was an Argentine painter born in La Boca, Buenos Aires. Quinquela Martín is considered the port painter-par-excellence and one of the most popular Argentine painters. His paintings of port scenes show the activity, vigor and roughness of the daily life in portuary La Boca.
His birthday could not be determined precisely as he was abandoned on
March 21, 1890at an orphanagewith a note that stated "This kid has been baptized, and his name is Benito Juan Martín". From his physical appearance, the nuns who found him deduced that he should be around ten days old; thus March 10is regarded as his birthday.
Adopted by Manuel and
Justina Molina de Chinchellawhen he was six years old, he adopted his stepfather's surname (which would later be hispanized as "Quinquela").
At the age of 14 he attended a modest night school of drawing in
La Bocawhile working during day on the family's coal-yard. When he became 17 years old he joined the Pezzini Stiatessi Conservatory, where he stayed until 1920.
By 1910 he had started appearing small art exhibitions, mainly in and around
La Boca. He obtained the second prize on the "Salón Nacional" ("Spanish", "National Exhibition") in 1920. After an exhibition at Mar del Platain the same year, he was sent as the Argentine representative to an exhibition in Rio de Janeiro, Brazilattended by local personalities including Brazilian president Epitacio Pessoa.
By the 1920s Marcelo T. de Alvear and his wife were very fond of Quinquela Martín's works, and this admiration led to a lasting friendship. In 1922, Quinquela Martín was assigned as
chancellorof the Argentine Madrid Consulatein Spain. On April, 1923 he exhibited at the Círculo de Bellas Artesof Madrid. Two of his works were acquired by the institution ("Buque en reparación" and "Efecto de Sol"), while another two were acquired by the Museum of Modern Art of Madrid. In 1925 he set sail for Francebecause—in his own words—"My trip to France is owed to PresidentAlvear, who liked my works and wanted them to be judged by Paris". The Museum of Luxembourgacquired "Tormenta en el astillero".
On 1927 he left for
New York, where he put part of his work on display at the Anderson Galleries. Accounts say two paintings were bought by "Mr. Havemeyer", who donated them to the Metropolitan Museumof New York. After this exhibition he made several others under sculptor Georgette Blandi's tutelage. Before returning to Buenos Aires, he was invited to Havanaby Conde Riberoto exhibit there.
On 1929, on a trip to
Italy, he made an exhibition at the Palazzo delle Esposizioniin Rome. The Museum of Modern Art of Rome acquired several paintings which were chosen by Benito Mussoliniduring the display. Quinquela Martín made his last trip in 1930, to London, where he exhibited at the Burlington Gallery. Several British museums acquired his paintings, including the Museum of Arts of London, Museum of Birmingham, Sheffield, Swansea, Cardiff, New Zealand and St. James's Palace.
Back in his homeland, he became a philanthropist and donated several works to
La Bocaand the city of Buenos Aires.
He died in
Buenos Aireson January 28, 1977, and was buried in the La Chacarita Cemetery.
Among his most famous works are: "Tormenta en el Astillero" (
Musée du Luxembourg, Paris), "Puente de la Boca" ( St. James's Palace, London) and "Crepúsculo en el astillero" ( Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires).
* [http://www.erasmuspc.com/index.php?id=18274&type=article Article on how Quinquela Martin changed Caminito in Buenos Aires]
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