- John I of Castile
John I (
August 24, 1358– October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile, daughter of Juan Manuel, Duke of Penafiel, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile.
His first marriage, with
Eleanor of Aragonon June 18th, 1375, produced most of his issue, including the future Kings Henry III of Castileand Ferdinand I of Aragon.
Leon VI of Armeniafrom the Mamluks and out of pity granted him the lifetime lordship of Madrid, Villa Real and Andújarin 1383 ["Un Madrid insólito: Guía para dejarse sorprender", pg. 39-40. Jesús Callejo. Editorial Complutense, 2001. ISBN 84-7491-630-5. The book however talks about Leon V of Armenia.] .
He had engaged in hostilities with
Portugal. His first quarrel with Portugal was settled by his marriage, in 1382, with Beatrice of Portugal, daughter of King Ferdinand I of Portugal. On the death of his father-in-law in 1383, John endeavoured to enforce the claims of his wife, Ferdinand's only child, to the crown of Portugal. The 1383-1385 Crisis, a period of civil unrest and anarchy in Portugal, followed. He was resisted by the national sentiment of the Portuguese people, and was utterly defeated at the battle of Aljubarrota, on August 14, 1385.
He also had to contend with the hostility of
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, who claimed the crown by right of his wife Constance, the eldest daughter of Pedro of Castile. The king of Castile finally bought off the claim of his English competitor by arranging a marriage between his son Henry and Catherine, daughter of Constance and John of Gaunt in 1387.
King John was killed at Alcalá on
October 9, 1390by the fall of his horse, while he was riding in a fantasia with some of the light horsemen known as the "farfanes", who were mounted and equipped in the Arab style.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John II of Castile — John II (March 6 1405 ndash; July 20 1454) was King of Castile from 1406 to 1454. He was the son of Henry III of Castile and his wife Katherine of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster by Constance of Castile, daughter of King… … Wikipedia
John II of Portugal — John II King Dom João II (John II) King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign 11 November 1477–15 November 1477 (4 days) Predecessor … Wikipedia
John I of Aragon — John I (December 27, 1350 ndash; May 19, 1396), called by posterity the Hunter ( Juan el Cazador in Castilian, Chuan lo Cazataire in Aragonese and Joan el Caçador in Catalan) or the Lover of Elegance ( el Amador de la Gentileza in Castilian and l … Wikipedia
John I — may refer to:People* John Chrysostom (349–c. 407), Patriarch of Constantinople. * John of Antioch (died 441). * Pope John I, Pope from 523 to 526. * John I of Naples (died c. 719). * John I of Gaeta (died c. 933). * John I Tzimiskes (c. 925–976) … Wikipedia
John II — may refer to:People* John Papa Īī * John of Cappadocia (died 520), Patriarch of Constantinople. * Pope John II, Pope from 533 until his death in 535. * John II Platinus (died 702), Exarch of Ravenna. * John II of Naples (died 919). * John II of… … Wikipedia
John of Segovia — • A Spanish theologian, b. at Segovia towards the end of the fourteenth century; d. probably in 1458 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. John of Segovia John of Segovia … Catholic encyclopedia
John of Segovia — John of Segovia, or in Spanish Juan de Segovia, was a theologian.BiographyHe was born at Segovia towards the end of the fourteenth century. Nothing is known of him before he took part in the Council of Basle, except that he was archdeacon at… … Wikipedia
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster — This article is about the historical figure John of Gaunt. For places and organisations named after him, see John O Gaunt. John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster; Duke of Aquitaine Successor … Wikipedia
John I of Portugal — Infobox Portuguese Royalty|monarch name =John I title =King of Portugal and the Algarve reign =April 6, 1385 mdash;August 14, 1433 predecessor =Beatrice (disputed) successor =Edward spouse =Philippa of Lancaster issue =Edward Infante Pedro, Duke… … Wikipedia
John III of Portugal — Infobox Portuguese Royalty|monarch name =John III title =King of Portugal and the Algarves of either side of the sea in Africa caption =Portrait of John III by Antonis Mor reign =December 13, 1521 mdash;June 11, 1557 investiture =December 19,… … Wikipedia