- Aylesbury Urban Area
infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Aylesbury Urban Area
population = 69,021 [cite web |url=http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/ssdataset.asp?vlnk=8271&Pos=2&ColRank=1&Rank=224 |title=KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas |publisher=Office for National Statistics |accessdate=2008-06-18]
region= South East England
postcode_district = HP19, HP20, HP21
london_distance= 41.6 m
The Aylesbury Urban Area is defined by the
Office for National Statisticsas a conurbation in central Buckinghamshire, England. It had a population of 69,021 (2001 census). The largest population centre is Aylesburyitself at 56,392.
Pre 20th Century
Aylesbury was, for hundreds of years, a typically small
market townlike others in the area such as Wendover. It population in 1801 was 3082 [cite web|url=http://met.open.ac.uk/GENUKI/big/eng/BKM/Aylesbury/Index.html|title=Aylesbury] with steady growth up to 9099 in 1901, a three-fold increase in 100 years. At the same time, villages and hamlets such Walton and New Zealand grew slowly with separate identities to the growing town.
During the first half of the twentieth century, the population grew slightly more, reaching 21,200 in 1950. However, the rocketing population of the capital,
Londonwas creating a strain on the recently introduced green belt and Aylesbury was one of the towns chosen for major population growth [cite web|url=http://www.aylesbury-pgl.co.uk/Places01.htm|title=Aylesbury] to house the London overspill.
The population of the town began to increase at a faster rate, as new
housing estateswere built. At the same time, the centre of Aylesbury was redeveloped, with new shopping areas. The area near the Aylesbury branch of the Grand Union Canal, built in 1814, was developed into a pedestrian square. The population reached 40,000 in 1970 and 51,000 by 1990, with new housing areas being built every few years. By 2001, the urban area housed 69,021 people.
Aylesbury's growth is far from over, with major housing development in the north. Two major growth areas are "Berryfields" and "Weedon Hill", with 3850 new homes [cite web|url=http://www.aylesburyvaleadvantage.co.uk|title=Aylesbury Vale Advantage] as well as new services being constructed. The population of the
Aylesbury Valedistrict is expected to be around 215,000 people by 2026 with around half living in Aylesbury, making the urban area population around 100,000 people.
Reasons for growth
Vale of Aylesburyis a large flat area of land, and therefore ideal for urban development. From the 19th century onwards, other major factors contributing to the growth of Aylesbury were:
*1814- The opening of the
Grand Union Canalbranch to Londonand Birmingham
*1839- Railway links to the
London and Birmingham Railway, todays West Coast Main Linein the form of the Cheddington to Aylesbury Line, the world's first branch line.
*1865- First factories constructed
Metropolitan Railwaylink to London
*1960s- new housing encourages people to move to Aylesbury.
There are two stations serving the urban area, Aylesbury and Stoke Mandeville, both on the
London to Aylesbury Line. Before 1966, they were on the Great Central Main Linewith services north to Manchester. There is also a line to Princes Risboroughconnecting with the Chiltern Main Line.
To cater for the new housing developments, a new station will open in late 2008 with the name Aylesbury Vale Parkwaycite web|url=http://www.buckscc.gov.uk/bcc/content/index.jsp?contentid=-1950503947|title=Aylesbury Vale Parkway|publisher=Buckinghamshire County Council|accessdate=2008-06-04] .
Chiltern Railwayshave also suggested re-connecting the area with the north in the future [http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk/southeastplan/key/study_areas/draft_strategies/mkav/aylesbury_vale-draft_strategy.pdf] .
Unlike other urban areas nearby, Aylesbury urban area has no
motorwayconnection or major dual carriageways, or even a good quality bypass. Improvemnets to the roads towards Milton Keynesare underway [ cite web|url=http://www.aylesburyvaleadvantage.co.uk/index.cfm/ava/Projects.Roads|title=New Road Structure] however.
* [http://www.aylesburytowncouncil.gov.uk/ Aylesbury Town Council]
* [http://www.aylesburyvaledc.gov.uk/ Aylesbury Vale District Council]
* [http://www.buckscc.gov.uk/ Buckinghamshire County Council]
* [http://www.aylesburyvaleadvantage.co.uk/ Information on the growth and regeneration of Aylesbury]
* [http://www.aylesburytoday.co.uk/ The Bucks Herald]
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