Shrubland (synonymous with
scrubland) is a habitat type dominated by woody shrubs. A shrub is a perennial woody plant that branches at ground level to form several stems. Shrublands form in several different biomes, and may be either a permanent habitat type, stable over time, or a transitional one, caused when another habitat type is disturbed by natural or human causes, like fire or logging. Some shrublands came about as a result of the degradation of forests through over-exploitation by humans.
Tropical and subtropical shrublands are classified with tropical and subtropical grasslands and savannas in the
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublandsbiome.
Temperate shrublands are classified with temperate grasslands and savannas in the
Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublandsbiome.
Montane shrublands are found in mountainous regions around the world, and are classified with tropical and subtropical grasslands and savannas in the
Montane grasslands and shrublandsbiome. The Madagascar ericoid thicketsare a montane shrubland ecoregion.
Mediterranean shrublands occur in the five Mediterranean-climate regions around the world. They are known as
Chaparralin California, Matorralin Central Chile, Kwonganin Australia, and Fynbosin South Africa. Around the Mediterranean Basin, shrublands are known as "maquis", after the shrublands of Mediterranean France, but also as "matorral" in Spainand " macchia" in Italy. Mediterranean shrublands are often part of a mosaic landscape, interspersed with forests, woodlands, grassland, and scrublands. They are included in the Mediterranean forests, woobielands, and shrubbiome.
Xeric shrublands are found in
arid-climate regions, and are classified with deserts in the Deserts and xeric shrublandsbiome.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
shrubland — noun Date: 1903 land on which shrubs are the dominant vegetation … New Collegiate Dictionary
shrubland — noun Land that is covered mostly with shrubs. The plural form is more commonly used … Wiktionary
Shrubland Park — stands on an abrupt glacial ridge in Suffolk, England overlooking the Gipping Valley between Ipswich and Needham Market.The first recorded owner was Robert de Shrubeland, although there is evidence of occupation on the site since the Roman period … Wikipedia
Maquis shrubland — Macchia redirects here. For other uses, see Macchia (disambiguation). Low Maquis in Corsica … Wikipedia
Mammals of the Indiana Dunes — Cottontail Thirty seven species of mammals have been identified at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Four other species are thought to inhabit the park, but have not been documented: the northern long eared myotis (Myotis septentrionalis),… … Wikipedia
Matorral — is a Spanish word, along with tomillares, for shrubland, thicket or bushes. It is used in naming and describing a Mediterranean climate ecosystem in Southern Europe. Contents 1 Mediterranean region 2 Other regions … Wikipedia
Hosmer's Grove — is an example of experimental forestation from Hawaii s territorial days. Located just inside Haleakala National Park near the summit of Haleakala in Maui, Hawaii, it includes a campsite and several hiking trails. [… … Wikipedia
Nuyts Archipelago — The archipelago is an important breeding site for White faced Storm Petrels… … Wikipedia
Chaparral — This article is about the plant community. For the plant used medicinally, see Larrea tridentata. For other uses, see Chaparral (disambiguation). Chaparral, Santa Ynez Mountains, near Santa Barbara, California Chaparral is a shrubland or… … Wikipedia
Scinax nasicus — Taxobox name = Scinax nasicus status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Amphibia ordo = Anura familia = Hylidae genus = Scinax species = S. nasicus binomial = Scinax nasicus binomial authority = (Cope,… … Wikipedia