Visoki Dečani monastery


Visoki Dečani monastery

Visoki Dečani (Serbian: Манастир Високи Дечани or "Manastir Visoki Dečani") is a major Serb Orthodox Christian monastery located in the disputed Serbian province of Kosovo [See also: International reaction to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence.] , 12 km south of the town of Peć. The monastic katholikon is the largest medieval church in the Balkans containing the most extensive preserved fresco decoration.Fact|date=August 2008

The monastery was established in a chestnut grove by King Stefan Dečanski in 1327. Its original founding charter is dated to 1330. The following year the king died and was buried at the monastery, which henceforth became his popular shrine. Indeed, the epithet "Dečanski" refers to the king's foundation of the monastery. The construction was continued by his son Stefan Dušan until 1335, but the wall-painting was not completed until 1350.

The monastic church, dedicated to Christ Pantocrator and built from blocks of red-purple, light-yellow and onyx marble, was constructed by builders working under a Franciscan monk, Vitus of Kotor. The church is distinguished by its imposing size and Romanesque and Early Gothic structure and design. Apart from the extensive and well preserved fresco cycles the interior features the original 14th-century stone templon, the throne of the hegumen and the carved wooden sarcophagus of the founder King Stefan.

In 2004, UNESCO listed the monastery on the World Heritage List, citing its frescoes as "one of the most valued examples of the so-called Palaeologan renaissance in Byzantine painting" and "a valuable record of the life in the 14th century". In 2006, it was added to the List of World Heritage Sites in danger due to the potential for attacks by ethnic-Albanian partisans; it is protected by the United Nations' KFOR.

On March 30 2007 an explosion was heard near the monastery. The explosion was confirmed by Serbian and international sources in Kosovo. Bishop Teodosije, the prior of the Visoki Dečani monastery, stated that the incident was a grenade attack on the monastery, with an objective of sending threatening messages to the monks and KFOR forces. [http://www.rts.co.yu/jedna_vest.asp?source=komentar&IDNews=181856]

Gallery

References and notes

Bratislav Pantelić, "The Architecture of Dečani and the Role of Archbishop Danilo II", Reichert Verlag, 2002.

External links

* [http://whc.unesco.org/archive/advisory_body_evaluation/724.pdf Evaluation by the World Heritage Committee]
* [http://www.kosovo.net/main.html Decani Monastery on www.kosovo.net]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Visoki Dečani — Medieval Monuments in Kosovo * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country …   Wikipedia

  • Dečani — This article is about the city and municipality in Kosovo. For the architectural term, see Decani. Dečani   Municipality   Dečani/Дечани Deçan …   Wikipedia

  • Monastery Saint Vasilije Ostroški — (Serbian: Манастир Св. Василије Острошки or Manastir Sveti Vasilije Ostroški} is a Serbian Orthodox monastery located in the center of the city Bijeljina, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Gallery …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Archangels Monastery — Overview of the Saint Archangels Monastery Monastery information Full Name Saint Archangels Monastery Other Names …   Wikipedia

  • Manasija monastery — overview Monastery information Full Name Манастир Манасија Other Names …   Wikipedia

  • Cetinje Monastery — The Cetinje Monastery (Serbian Cyrillic: Цетињски манастир; also known as the New Cetinje Monastery) is the most famous Serb Orthodox monastery in Montenegro. It is located in Cetinje and is the seat of the Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ostrog monastery — Monastery of Ostrog. Monastery information Full Name Манастир Острог Order Serbian Orthodox …   Wikipedia

  • Mileševa monastery — Mileševa Милешева Exterior of the monastery Basic information Location Prijepolje, Serbia Affiliation Serbian Orthodoxy …   Wikipedia

  • Novo Hopovo monastery — Church in Novo Hopovo monastery …   Wikipedia

  • Žitomislić Monastery — Žitomislić (Serbian: Житомислић) is а monastery of the Serb Orthodox Church located near Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Its church is dedicated to the Annunciation of the Mother of God. In 1566 the Ottoman Empire, as represented by the kadija… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.