- G20 developing nations
legend|#008080|Fluctuating G20 developing nationsThe G20 (Group of 20, also variously G21, G22 and G20+) is a bloc of developing nations established on
20 August 2003. The group emerged at the 5th Ministerial WTOconference, held in Cancún, Mexicofrom 10 Septemberto 14 September 2003. In trade negotiations, the group has pressed for an end to agricultural subsidies by industrialized nations and opposed liberalization.Fact|date=March 2007. The G-20 accounts for 60% of the world population, 70% of its farmers and 26% of world’s agricultural exports [http://www.g-20.mre.gov.br/history.asp] .
Its origins date back to June 2003, when foreign ministers from
Brazil, Indiaand South Africasigned a declaration known as the Brasilia Declaration[ [http://www2.mre.gov.br/dibas/Comunicados%20de%20Chefes%20de%20Estado-Governo%20e%20Ministeriais/2003%2006%2006%20%20Brasilia%20Declaration%20%20Ministers.pdf Brasilia Declaration June 6, 2003 by Ministers of Brazil, South Africa and India] (also [http://www.ibsa-trilateral.org//index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6&Itemid=16&limit=1&limitstart=0] )] [ [http://www.ibsa-trilateral.org/ IBSA] - trilateral, developmental initiative between India, Brazil and South Africa] , in which they stated that “major trading partners are still moved by protectionist concerns in their countries’ less competitive sectors [...] and emphasized how important it is that the results of the current round of trade negotiations provide especially for the reversal of protectionist policies and trade-distorting practices [...] Furthermore, Brazil, Indiaand South Africadecided to articulate their initiatives of trade liberalization”.
Nonetheless, the “official” appearance of the G-20 occurred as a response to a text released on
13 August 2003by the European Communities(EC) and the United States(U.S.) with a common proposal on agriculture for the CancúnMinisterial. On 20 August 2003a document signed by twenty countries and re-issued as a Cancún Ministerial document on 4 Septemberproposed an alternative framework to that of the EC and the U.S. on agriculture for the Cancún Meeting. This document marked the establishment of the G-20. The original group of signatories of the 20 August 2003document went through many changes, being known as such different names as the G-21 or the G-22. The title G-20 was finally chosen, in honor of the date of the group's establishment.
Since its creation, the group has had a fluctuating membership. Previous members have included:
Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Peru, and Turkey. As of July 2008, the group had 22 members, including the 21 members as of March 2006 and Peru. [" [http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/idUSL2169834120080721?pageNumber=2&virtualBrandChannel=0 FACTBOX: Negotiating alliances in the WTO's Doha round] ," Reuters, July 21, 2008.]
The core leadership of the G-20, known as the
G4 bloc, consists of China, India, Brazil, and South Africa.
List of countries by GDP (real) growth rate
*cite book | last = Botelho | first = Marcio | title = The G - 20: Aims and Perspectives of a New Trade Alliance [http://www.dissertation.com/book.php?method=ISBN&book=1581123000] | publisher = Universal Publishers | year = 2005 | id = ISBN 1-58112-300-0 [http://www.dissertation.com/book.php?method=ISBN&book=1581123000] [http://www.bookpump.com/dps/pdf-b/1123000b.pdf Excerpt]
* [http://www.g-20.mre.gov.br/ G20 homepage]
* [http://commerce.nic.in/wto_sub/g20/pressrel.htm G20 press release on 19th of March, 2005] — includes the group's logo
* [http://www.papda.org/article.php3?id_article=17&var_recherche=G20%2C+the+developing G20, the developing country coalition] in Focus on Trade 98, April 2004
* [http://www.dissertation.com/book.php?method=ISBN&book=1581123000 The G - 20: Aims and Perspectives of a New Trade Alliance]
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